SMOG index

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SMOG index

The SMOG grade is a measure of readability that estimates the years of education needed to understand a piece of writing. SMOG is the acronym derived from Simple Measure of Gobbledygook. It is widely used, particularly for checking health messages. The SMOG grade yields a 0.985 correlation with a standard error of 1.5159 grades with the grades of readers who had 100% comprehension of test materials.

The formula for calculating the SMOG grade was developed by G. Harry McLaughlin as a more accurate and more easily calculated substitute for the Gunning fog index and published in 1969. To make calculating a text's readability as simple as possible an approximate formula was also given — count the words of three or more syllables in three 10-sentence samples, estimate the count's square root (from the nearest perfect square), and add 3.

A 2010 study published in the Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh stated that “SMOG should be the preferred measure of readability when evaluating consumer-oriented healthcare material.” The study found that “The Flesch-Kincaid formula significantly underestimated reading difficulty compared with the gold standard SMOG formula.”


To calculate SMOG

1. Count a number of sentences (at least 30)
2. In those sentences, count the polysyllables (words of 3 or more syllables).
3. Calculate using

This version (sometimes called the SMOG Index) is more easily used for mental math:

1. Count the number of polysyllabic words in three samples of ten sentences each.
2. Take the square root of the nearest perfect square
3. Add 3

smog_index is low- what does it mean?

'Polysyllabic words' generally refers to words with more than three syllables, like 'hippopotamus' and 'misunderstanding'.

So 'smog_index is low' means you like to use some simple words. Need to put more difficult words.

If my SMOG Index is low. How can I improve?

1. Do more reading and know more vocabulary words.

2. Don't repeat words in the essay.

So 'smog_index is high' means am I suppose to use some simple words. Need to put less difficult words?

'smog_index is high' should not be an issue. You may ignore this message.

if the feedback says "smog_index: 8.8 7.44779559118 118% => OK", means it is reasonably acceptable? neither high nor low?

Yes, it means it is acceptable.

I think it means nothing in real life
Knowledge to the populous, proletarian needs only 4th grader level reading, newspaper-worthy
Otherwise, you are eliminating your own audience