Essay topics: Private collectors have been selling and buying fossils, the petrified remains of ancient organisms, ever since the eighteenth century. In recent years, however, the sale of fossils, particularly of dinosaurs and other large vertebrates, has grown into a big business. Rare and important fossils are now being sold to private ownership for millions of dollars. This is an unfortunate development for both scientists and the general public.
The public suffers because fossils that would otherwise be donated to museums where everyone can see them are sold to private collectors who do not allow the public to view their collections. Making it harder for the public to see fossils can lead to a decline in public interest in fossils, which would be a pity.
More importantly, scientists are likely to lose access to some of the most important fossils and thereby miss out on potentially crucial discoveries about extinct life forms. Wealthy fossil buyers with a desire to own the rarest and most important fossils can spend virtually limitless amounts of money to acquire them. Scientists and the museums and universities they work for often cannot compete successfully for fossils against millionaire fossil buyers.
Moreover, commercial fossil collectors often destroy valuable scientific evidence associated with the fossils they unearth. Most commercial fossil collectors are untrained or uninterested in carrying out the careful field work and documentation that reveal the most about animal life in the past. For example, scientists have learned about the biology of nest-building dinosaurs called oviraptors by carefully observing the exact position of oviraptor fossils in the ground and the presence of other fossils in the immediate surroundings. Commercial fossil collectors typically pay no attention to how fossils lie in the ground or to the smaller fossils that may surround bigger ones.
The lecturer says that even there is some negative consequences in the commercial fossil, its positive aspects outweigh all the negative one. She added that the negative consequences of commercial fossil are exaggerated.
Firstly, the passage posits that the fossil from commercial discovery is mainly sold privately which can decrease the access of the fossil to the general public; and, ultimately, cause loose interest of the public in the fossil. however, the speaker turns down the reason and says that with the commercial fossil discovery, great exposure for the fossil is possible; the fossil is accessable to even mediocre level of the student.
Secondly, before the selling of the fossil, the fossil should be authorized by the scientist through detail examination. that give the privilege to the scientific field to access the fossil entirely.
Thirdly, the reading says that collector of the commercial fossil is unskilled and uninterested which results loss of the valuable evidence of the fossil. however, the professor counters the point by saying that it will better to have more fossil even if some fossil evidence is lost during the process. He added that without the commercial fossil process, there is no chance that we get extra information of the fossil as fossil finding institutions like scientific and academic institutions barely run fossil finding program.
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