SAT Writing and Language - OG 2018 - test 5 - Investigative Journalism: An Evolving American

Questions 34-44 are based on the following passage.

Investigative Journalism: An Evolving American Tradition

[1] The recent precipitous decline of print journalism as a viable profession has exacerbated long-held concerns about the state of investigative reporting in the United States. [2] Facing lower print circulation and diminished advertising revenue, many major newspapers have reduced or eliminated investigative resources. [3] Newspapers, the traditional nurturing ground for investigative journalism, have been hit especially hard by the widespread availability of free news online. [4] To survive, investigative journalism must continue to adapt to the digital age. Q34 It is not difficult to understand why a cash-strapped, understaffed publication might feel pressure to cut teams of investigative Q35 reporter’s—their work is expensive and time-consuming. Q36 Taking on the public interest, investigative journalism involves original, often long-form reporting on such topics as Q37 illegal activities, street crime, corporate wrongdoing, and political corruption. An investigative story involves one or more experienced journalists dedicating their full energy and the resources of the publisher to a piece for a prolonged period of time. Expensive legal battles may ensue. The results of this work, though costly, have helped keep those in power accountable. The exposure by Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein of government misconduct in the Watergate scandal resulted in the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974. More recently, Seymour Hersh, reporting for the New Yorker in 2004, helped publicize the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners by US personnel at Abu Ghraib during the Iraq War. Q38 In these and other cases, exposure from reporters has served as an important Q39 blockade to or scolding of malfeasance.

While worrisome, the decline of traditional print media Q40 could not entail the end of investigative journalism. Q41 Although many newsrooms have reduced their staff, some still employ investigative reporters. Nonprofit Q42 enterprises such as the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project have begun to fill the void created by staff losses at newspapers and magazines. Enterprising freelance reporters, newly funded by nonprofits, make extensive use of social media, including blogs and Twitter, to foster a public conversation about key issues. The Help Me Investigate project, Q43 for example, solicited readers to submit tips and information related to ongoing stories to its website. Far from marking the end of investigative journalism, Q44 cooperation among journalists and ordinary citizens has been facilitated by the advent of the digital age through an increase in the number of potential investigators.

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