The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville.
"All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years, several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
According to the letter, the author’s argument seems convincing at first, however, lack of assumptions lead me to question the credibility of the argument. The author should consider more various assumptions that might be based.
First, the author should correct the error that car accidents in and around the Centerville occured becasue of the teenagers’ maladroit driving skill. The teenagers might be victims not assailants. There are two plausible assumptions for this. Bad and irregular road condition might be the first one. It was uneven road that cause many car accidents. The other assumption, the author has to consider, is whether teenagers are victims or not. For example, the other drivers might be a reason for the car accidents. It is compelling, since the local driving school is expensive and there are still many adults who attained drivers’ licence lately that might have no chance to improve their driving skills.
Second, the author’s assumption about highschool driving program should be considered in depth. The author overlook the extra cost that new driving program will demand. The new mandatory program will require teachers from off-school, used car for driving, text books and addtional facilities. The cost from those things might override the tuition for the local driving school. Moreover, it is possible that driving school in other town may be cheap enough to go. Those another assumptions make author’s assumptions seem weak.
Finally, the assumption based on the number of parents who are not poor and busy that their teenage children could not take driving class in local school, should be substantiated. A number of parents could not represent the whole parents of the teenagers in Centerville. And also, it is too hasty for the author to judge that there is no way to teach their children driving becauses their parents are poor and busy. It is parents’ excuse not their poor and tight schedule that deter their children from learn how to drive. Furthermore, there could be some one how can teach the teenagers not only their parents.
In summary, the author’s arguments seem unconvincing on many grounds becauses of the weak presumptions. For the reasons I mentioned above, I believe that the author and the parents of the teenagers in Centerville should consider the assumptions they made, more deeply.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 114, Rule ID: MASS_AGREEMENT
Message: Possible agreement error - use third-person verb forms for singular and mass nouns: 'overlooks'.
...ould be considered in depth. The author overlook the extra cost that new driving program...
Line 5, column 300, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...g, text books and addtional facilities. The cost from those things might override t...
Line 7, column 558, Rule ID: ANY_BODY
Message: Did you mean 'someone'?
...w to drive. Furthermore, there could be some one how can teach the teenagers not only th...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, finally, first, furthermore, however, look, may, moreover, second, so, still, as to, for example, in summary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 21.0 19.6327345309 107% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 18.0 12.9520958084 139% => OK
Conjunction : 10.0 11.1786427146 89% => OK
Relative clauses : 12.0 13.6137724551 88% => OK
Pronoun: 29.0 28.8173652695 101% => OK
Preposition: 34.0 55.5748502994 61% => OK
Nominalization: 9.0 16.3942115768 55% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2011.0 2260.96107784 89% => OK
No of words: 380.0 441.139720559 86% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.29210526316 5.12650576532 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.41515443553 4.56307096286 97% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.82155705427 2.78398813304 101% => OK
Unique words: 187.0 204.123752495 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.492105263158 0.468620217663 105% => OK
syllable_count: 587.7 705.55239521 83% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 7.0 4.96107784431 141% => OK
Article: 14.0 8.76447105788 160% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 2.70958083832 37% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 4.22255489022 71% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 23.0 19.7664670659 116% => OK
Sentence length: 16.0 22.8473053892 70% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 43.32106365 57.8364921388 75% => OK
Chars per sentence: 87.4347826087 119.503703932 73% => OK
Words per sentence: 16.5217391304 23.324526521 71% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.95652173913 5.70786347227 87% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 5.25449101796 57% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 11.0 6.88822355289 160% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.67664670659 150% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.187282348323 0.218282227539 86% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0570848252752 0.0743258471296 77% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0429586626779 0.0701772020484 61% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.107525231605 0.128457276422 84% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0316408471791 0.0628817314937 50% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.7 14.3799401198 81% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 63.7 48.3550499002 132% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.4 12.197005988 69% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.11 12.5979740519 104% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.8 8.32208582834 94% => OK
difficult_words: 81.0 98.500998004 82% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 6.0 12.3882235529 48% => Linsear_write_formula is low.
gunning_fog: 8.4 11.1389221557 75% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.9071856287 67% => The average readability is low. Need to imporve the language.
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.