Writing task 2 (an essay)Nowadays most big cities have high congestion and road traffic issues. What are the real causes for this? Suggest a solution that will help to relieve it.

Essay topics: Writing task 2 (an essay)

Nowadays most big cities have high congestion and road traffic issues. What are the real causes for this? Suggest a solution that will help to relieve it.

jay.patel.4545's picture

Traffic congestion is one of the most serious problems in big cities and it has made people’s lives more difficult. Thirty years ago, there were fewer cars on the street and people did not suffer from traffic. Today, however, streets are full of cars, buses and trucks. This essay will analyse the most important causes of traffic congestion and will explain the effects of it.

Several factors have contributed to the problem of traffic in big cities. The most significant factor is the high number of cars. Today, companies manufacture a large number of cars and it is pretty easy for people to have one. Furthermore, many families own two or three cars which result in the increase of traffic congestion. Another contributing factor is the lack of public transports. For example, there are less frequency of public transport in my hometown, Borsad and whatever another private transport is available that is inconvenient and inefficient. Therefore, people use their own cars even in rush hours. The last cause is road system. Most of the streets in my city are narrow and few cars can pass through them simultaneously.

The problem of traffic has several effects on people and city. The most significant effect is increased anger and frustration. Every day, people experience a delay in reaching their workplaces or universities. This leads to high tension and stress among them. Another feasible effect worth mentioning here is the environmental effect. The quality of air declines because of the exhaust fumes generated by cars which may result in severe health problems such as asthma, bronchitis and heart attacks. The waste of time on average is huge and this is another major drawback the bad traffic is causing.

Government can take various steps to avoid this situation. First of all, Government should provide efficient, frequent and comfortable public transport to all citizens so they can encourage to use public transport than private cars. Another solution is that we can motivate people to use the concept of car pooling with neighbours and colleagues if they are traveling from and to same location by this way, we can reduce the number of cars in road.

To put in a nutshell, traffic is mainly caused by overpopulation and people’s reliance on their own cars. If governments provide more facilities and encourage people to use public transport, I am sure that the level of traffic will decline in the near future.

Votes: 
Average: 7.3 (1 vote)
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Extensive reading & listening: - reading & listening can help essay writing
Intensive IELTS reading & listening from Cambridge:

Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 160, Rule ID: LARGE_NUMBER_OF[1]
Message: Specify a number, remove phrase, or simply use 'many' or 'numerous'
Suggestion: many; numerous
...r of cars. Today, companies manufacture a large number of cars and it is pretty easy for people t...
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 191, Rule ID: ALLOW_TO[1]
Message: Did you mean 'using'? Or maybe you should add a pronoun? In active voice, 'encourage' + 'to' takes an object, usually a pronoun.
Suggestion: using
...t to all citizens so they can encourage to use public transport than private cars. Ano...
^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, furthermore, however, if, may, so, therefore, for example, such as, first of all

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 19.0 13.1623246493 144% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 10.0 7.85571142285 127% => OK
Conjunction : 20.0 10.4138276553 192% => OK
Relative clauses : 5.0 7.30460921844 68% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 23.0 24.0651302605 96% => OK
Preposition: 53.0 41.998997996 126% => OK
Nominalization: 12.0 8.3376753507 144% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2051.0 1615.20841683 127% => OK
No of words: 404.0 315.596192385 128% => OK
Chars per words: 5.07673267327 5.12529762239 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.48327461151 4.20363070211 107% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.76847666467 2.80592935109 99% => OK
Unique words: 218.0 176.041082164 124% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.539603960396 0.561755894193 96% => OK
syllable_count: 626.4 506.74238477 124% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.60771543086 100% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 5.43587174349 74% => OK
Interrogative: 0.0 0.384769539078 0% => OK
Article: 6.0 2.52805611222 237% => Less articles wanted as sentence beginning.
Subordination: 1.0 2.10420841683 48% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 0.809619238477 0% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 4.76152304609 21% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 25.0 16.0721442886 156% => OK
Sentence length: 16.0 20.2975951904 79% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 45.4216512249 49.4020404114 92% => OK
Chars per sentence: 82.04 106.682146367 77% => OK
Words per sentence: 16.16 20.7667163134 78% => OK
Discourse Markers: 3.68 7.06120827912 52% => More transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.38176352705 114% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 5.01903807615 40% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 9.0 8.67935871743 104% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 11.0 3.9879759519 276% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 3.4128256513 147% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.195091934779 0.244688304435 80% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0586382718016 0.084324248473 70% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0681105358851 0.0667982634062 102% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.113613526825 0.151304729494 75% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0709886203996 0.056905535591 125% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 10.6 13.0946893788 81% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 55.24 50.2224549098 110% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.44779559118 42% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.5 11.3001002004 84% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.89 12.4159519038 96% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.53 8.58950901804 99% => OK
difficult_words: 105.0 78.4519038076 134% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 6.5 9.78957915832 66% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.4 10.1190380762 83% => OK
text_standard: 10.0 10.7795591182 93% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 73.0337078652 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 6.5 Out of 9
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

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