SAT Reading - Khan Diagnostic Quiz level 2 - reading 11

Questions 1-10 are based on the following
passage.


This passage is excerpted from Theodore Roosevelt’s speech to the workers on the Panama Canal, originally written in 1906. The Panama Canal, which provides a passageway for ships traveling between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, is one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken. Roosevelt gave this speech during his visit to the Canal zone to check on the progress of the work.




It was without precedent for a president to leave the

United States, but this work is without precedent. You are

doing the biggest thing of the kind that has ever been done,
and I wanted to see how you are doing it. I am profoundly
5 thankful that I shall be able to take back to the United

States the message that the nation's picked sons are

carrying themselves so well here that I can absolutely

guarantee the success of the mighty work which they are

doing. It is not an easy task. Mighty few things that are
10 worth doing are easy. . .
I want to say this word to you men,--right through,--to

all of you who are engaged in the work of digging this

canal, whether you are here as superintendent, foreman,

chief clerk, machinist, conductor, engineer, steam-shovel
15 man (and he is the American who is setting the mark for

the rest of you to live up to, by the way), whoever you are,

if you are doing your duty, you are putting your country

under an obligation to you just as a soldier who does his

work well in a great war puts the country under an
20 obligation to him. As I have seen you at work, seen what

you have done and are doing, noted the spirit in which you

are approaching the task yet to be done, I have felt just

exactly as I should feel if I saw the picked men of my

country engaged in some great war. I am weighing my
25 words when I say that you here, who do your work well in

bringing to completion this great enterprise, will stand

exactly as the soldiers of a few, and only a few, of the most

famous armies of all the nations stand in history. This is

one of the great works of the world; it is a greater work
30 than you, yourselves, at the moment realize. Some of you, a

good many of you, are sons of men who fought in the Civil

War. When your fathers were in the fighting, they thought

a good deal of the fact that the blanket was too heavy by

noon and not quite heavy enough by night; that the pork
35 was not as good as it might be; and the hardtack was

sometimes insufficient in amount; and they were not

always satisfied with the way in which the regiments were

led.
Those were the things they talked about a good deal of
40 the time. But when the war was done--when they came

home, when they looked at what had been accomplished--

all those things sank into insignificance, and the great fact

remained that they had played a part like men among men;

that they had borne themselves so that when people asked

{l:45]what they had done of worth in those great years, all they

had to say was that they had served decently and faithfully

in the great armies. So you men here, in the future, each

man of you, will have the right to feel, if he has done his

duty and a little more than his duty right up to the handle
50 in the work here on the Isthmus, that he has made his

country his debtor; that he has done more than his full

share in adding renown to the nation under whose flag the

canal is being built.

. . .
55 In closing, all I have to say is this: You are doing the

work the like of which has not before been seen in the ages,

a work that shall last through the ages to come, and I

pledge to you as President of the United States, every

ounce of support and help and assistance, that it is in my
60 power to give you, so that we together, you backed by the

people of the United States, may speedily bring this

greatest of works to a triumphant conclusion.

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Question 1 The main purpose of the speech is to