TPO 21 - Question 6
A sample Answer to this speaking in text:
According to the lecture, the professor talked about the two changes that occurred after machines began to be used for manufacturing goods. The first change is the center of production shifted from home to factory. Previously, cloth was made by hand in homes. But since machines could weave cloth much faster than humans, the center of production shifted from home based business to factories. The other change is that city started to form around the factories. If there were a factory in a village, they would hire a lot of rural workers. So workers would move from countryside to this village, and the population grew bigger and bigger, and eventually it became a big city.
1. Back in the 18th century in a time known as the industrial revolution, some countries, well, English, in particular, started using new technology like steamed powered machines to produce goods and the use of these machines brought about some significant changes.
2. Let's go over two main changes that occurred.
3. One change was that the center of production moved from homes to factories.
4. Let's take fabric or clock as an example, historically, for a very long time; people had made cloth by hand in their homes, earning a little money from their home-based cloth production.
5. But then these new steamed-powered machines for weaving clothe were invented and placed in factories and these machines could weave cloth much more quickly and efficiently so there wasn't any reason to keep making cloth slowly in homes when it could be made fasters on factory machines.
6. Thus the majority of cloth production shifted from home-based businesses to factory production.
7. Another result of the new technology is that cities started forming around factories.
8. Like let's say there was a cloth factory that was built in a certain small village.
9. Now of course the factory needed workers to operate the machines used in cloth production.
10. So the factory would hire a lot rural workers who would then move from the countryside to the village.
11. So instead of being spread out all over the countryside, the workers started to congregate in the village with the factory.
12. As a result, the village got bigger and bigger and eventually grew into a city.