13 June, 2017
The Public Theater's production of "Julius Caesar" in New York uses the words written by playwright William Shakespeare 400 years ago.
The difference is the actor playing Julius Caesar looks
Laura Sheaffer has attended Public Theater's Free Shakespeare plays in New York City's Central Park for years.
But she objected to seeing a character looking like Trump covered with blood in the assassination scene. As he dies, the actor delivers one of Shakespeare's most famous lines, "Et Tu, Brute" -- meant to show Caesar's surprise that his good friend Brutus joined his killing.
Sheaffer says, "I don't love President Trump, but he's the president. You can't assassinate him on a stage."
Her comments on a radio program brought more criticism to the play. Two Public Theater sponsors, Delta Airlines and Bank of America, responded by cutting funds to support the Public Theater.
"No matter what your political stance may be, the graphic staging of ‘Julius Caesar' at this summer's Free Shakespeare in the Park does not reflect Delta Air Lines' values," Delta says in a statement.
The Public Theater, which began performing plays nearly 60 years ago, defends the production. It notes the play has led to "heated discussions." But it says that is "exactly the goal" of public theater.
Charlotte Canning is a drama professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Canning says the criticism would be understandable if the play suggests violence is acceptable.
"But what the play does is show how awful violence is," she says. "And things don't work out so well for those who carry out Caesar's killing."
Act 5 ends with Brutus killing himself with his own sword.
Canning also notes that a recent production of "Julius Caesar" in Minnesota included a Caesar character that looked like former President Barack Obama. But the play did not draw the same criticism as the New York production.
Free speech is part of the U.S. Constitution
Robert Thompson is a professor at Syracuse University and an expert on popular culture. He says the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment guarantee of free speech means critics of the "Julius Caesar" production cannot shut it down. But the issues raised by the production are "complicated."
Thompson wonders if the same message about the corrupting influences of power could be made without making Julius Caesar look like Donald Trump. In the play, Caesar's wife speaks with a Slavic accent, just like Trump's wife, Melania.
On the other hand, Thompson says Shakespeare's plays are sometimes difficult for modern theater audiences to understand. And making Caesar look like Trump makes the connections to political power more apparent.
This isn't children's theater
Laurence Maslon is the deputy director of New York University's graduate acting program. He says no one should be surprised that a play by New York's Public Theater might be controversial.
Maslon says that one of Public Theater's first shows, the rock musical "Hair" in 1967, drew heavy criticism. At issue were scenes with performers with no clothing and a scene in which young people burned draft cards to protest the Vietnam War.
"The Public Theater is not the Little Red Riding Hood Children's Theater," Maslon says. In other words, the theater produces plays on serious issues for adults and not children.
According to New York Times Theater critic Jesse Green, only three words were changed from Shakespeare's original script in the Public Theater production.
The production added three words: "On Fifth Avenue" to Shakespeare's line "If Caesar had stabbed their mothers, they would have done no less."
That line goes back to Trump's successful run for president, when he said: "I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot somebody, and I wouldn't lose any voters."
Donald Trump Jr., the president's son, tweeted his objections to the "Julius Caesar" production.
"I wonder how much of this ‘art' is funded by taxpayers? Serious question, when does ‘art' become political speech & does that change things?
The National Endowment for the Arts, which Trump wants to eliminate under his budget proposal, says it did not fund the production.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
Bruce Alpert reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.
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Words in This Story
familiar - adj. frequently seen, heard, or experienced
assassinate - v. to kill someone, often a famous or important person, usually for political reasons
stance - n. a person's opinion on a matter
graphic - adj. often referring to things shown in an unpleasant, shocking or violent way
awful - adj. extremely bad or unpleasant
complicated - adj. hard to understand, explain, or deal with
apparent - adj. easy to see or understand
stab - v. a wound made by a pointed weapon such as a knife
eliminate - v. to remove all funding for something