Genetic modification, a process used to change an organism’s genes and hence its characteristics, is now being used to improve trees through genetic modification. It is possible to create trees that produce more fruit, grow faster, or withstand adverse conditions. Planting genetically modified trees on a large scale promises to bring a number of benefits.
First, genetically modified trees are designed to be hardier than nature trees; that is, they are more likely to survive than their unmodified counterparts. In Hawaii, for example, a new pest-resistant species of papaya trees has been developed in response to ring spot virus infections that have repeatedly damaged the native papaya tree population. Planting the genetically modified papayas has largely put an end to the ringspot problem.
Moreover, genetically modified trees promise to bring a number of economic benefits to those who grow them. Genetically modified trees tend to grow faster, give greater yields of food, fruit, or other products and be hardier. This allows tree farmer to get faster and greater returns on their farming investment and save on pesticides as well.
Finally, the use of genetically modified trees can prevent overexploitation of wild trees. Because of the growing demand for firewood and building timber, many forests around the world are being cut down faster than they can be replaced. Introducing genetically modified trees,designed for fast growth and high yield in given geographic conditions,would satisfy the demand for wood in many of those areas and save the endangered native trees, which often include unique or rare species.
As technology improved, generic modified trees become popular because it can be designed to yield outstanding outcomes in particular way. While the article provides three convincing reasons to back up, the lecture refutes all the points made by the article with the following reasons.
The first reason is that although generic modified trees, like the papaya trees in Hawaii, can be designed purposely be resistant on certain virus, but according to the professor, there’s no guaranty that they will survive. The lecture indicates that since natural trees are more diverse genetically, no matter what natural disaster they face, there will be a small amount of population that survive. As for the genetically modified trees, as they are genetically more uniformed, the population might all die when encounter for example a new pest.
The second reason worth while is that although the faster growing time and more yielding fruits can make tremendous contribution on making the cost down for farmers, it is unlikely to work that way because as what the article states, companies that grow genetic modified trees tend to collect unreasonably high price from farmers who buy their products. What makes it worse is that every year when farmers are planting new trees, they are required to pay again for the new seeds, which certainly doesn’t meet the claim made by the article.
Last but not least, the point made by the article saying that growing genetic modified trees that grows faster, recovers the areas where trees are cut down, and hence is beneficial for the environment is also very unlikely because genetic modified trees tend to grow much more aggressive, and eventually can out-compete the natural trees when they are competing for resources such as sun lights and nutrition in the soil. It won’t benefit the environment, but will do the opposite.
In conclusion, although genetic modified trees seems to be a good alternative for natural trees, but the lecture uncovers many potential consequences lying under the surface that the article has failed to cover.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 5, column 19, Rule ID: WORTH_WHILE
Message: Did you mean 'worthwhile'?
...xample a new pest. The second reason worth while is that although the faster growing tim...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, hence, if, second, so, while, as for, for example, in conclusion, in particular, such as
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 17.0 10.4613686534 163% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 8.0 5.04856512141 158% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 17.0 12.0772626932 141% => OK
Pronoun: 21.0 22.412803532 94% => OK
Preposition: 29.0 30.3222958057 96% => OK
Nominalization: 6.0 5.01324503311 120% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1754.0 1373.03311258 128% => OK
No of words: 337.0 270.72406181 124% => OK
Chars per words: 5.20474777448 5.08290768461 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.28457229495 4.04702891845 106% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.57313321408 2.5805825403 100% => OK
Unique words: 183.0 145.348785872 126% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.543026706231 0.540411800872 100% => OK
syllable_count: 540.9 419.366225166 129% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 6.0 8.23620309051 73% => OK
Subordination: 5.0 1.25165562914 399% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 5.0 1.51434878587 330% => Less conjunction wanted as sentence beginning.
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 10.0 13.0662251656 77% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 33.0 21.2450331126 155% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively long.
Sentence length SD: 101.225540255 49.2860985944 205% => The lengths of sentences changed so frequently.
Chars per sentence: 175.4 110.228320801 159% => OK
Words per sentence: 33.7 21.698381199 155% => OK
Discourse Markers: 10.6 7.06452816374 150% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 5.0 4.45695364238 112% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 0.0 4.27373068433 0% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.184550919521 0.272083759551 68% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0729071218682 0.0996497079465 73% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.061343245836 0.0662205650399 93% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.109733940893 0.162205337803 68% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0507297551093 0.0443174109184 114% => OK
automated_readability_index: 19.9 13.3589403974 149% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 37.98 53.8541721854 71% => OK
smog_index: 11.2 5.55761589404 202% => Smog_index is high.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 16.2 11.0289183223 147% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.47 12.2367328918 110% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.88 8.42419426049 105% => OK
difficult_words: 77.0 63.6247240618 121% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 14.0 10.7273730684 131% => OK
gunning_fog: 15.2 10.498013245 145% => OK
text_standard: 14.0 11.2008830022 125% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Write the essay in 20 minutes.
Rates: 85.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 25.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.