Integrate writing : Carved stone balls are a curious type of artifact found at a number of locations in Scotland. They date from the late Neolithic period, around 4,000 years ago. They are round in shape; they were carved from several types of stone; most are about 70 mm in diameter; and many are ornamented to some degree. Archaeologists do not agree about their purpose and meaning, but there are several theories.
One theory is that the carved stone balls were weapons used in hunting or fighting. Some of the stone balls have been found with holes in them, and many have grooves on the surface. It is possible that a cord was strung through the holes or laid in the grooves around the ball. Holding the stone balls at the end of the cord would have allowed a person to swing it around or throw it.
A second theory is that the carved stone balls were used as part of a primitive system of weights and measures. The fact that they are so nearly uniform in size – at 70 mm in diameter – suggests that the balls were interchangeable and represented some standard unit of measure. They could have been used as standard weights to measure quantities of grain or other food, or anything that needed to be measured by weight on a balance or scale for the purpose of trade.
A third theory is that the carved stone balls served a social purpose as opposed to a practical or utilitarian one. This view is supported by the fact that many stone balls have elaborate designs. The elaborate carving suggests that the stones may have marked the important social status of their owners.
The reading passage suggests several possible purposes and theories of using the carved stone balls in the late Neolithic period. However, the lecture disagrees and cast doubts the points mentioned in the in the passage.
First, the passage states that the stone balls were use as weapons for hunting or fighting because they presented holes inside the balls. The ancient people would have inserted a cord inside holes to swing and throw it around as a weapon. However, the listening passage argues that if these stone balls were used as weapons, they must have shown signs of wears, but these stone balls didn't have even a crack on them. They were well preserved. So, they must not be used as weapons purpose.
Second, the article states that these stone balls were used as measurement equipment because their sizes were the same. In contrast, the professor opposes that even though they were the same size, they were made from different types of stones. Some were made from sand, and some were made from squad. These types of stones had different density and weight, so they were not good material to make measure equipment.
Finally, the author states that the stone balls may be used for social purpose because they were carved elaborately. On the other hand, the speaker clarifies that if these stone balls have such a high value, when famous or wealthy people died, they must be buried with these valuable possessions. However, the stone balls were not found inside these people's tomb at all.
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and cast doubts the points mentioned in the in the passage.
and cast doubts on/to the points mentioned in the in the passage.
the stone balls were use as weapons
the stone balls were used as weapons
Sentence: So, they must not be used as weapons purpose.
Description: A noun, plural, common is not usually followed by a noun, singular, common
Suggestion: Refer to weapons and purpose
No. of Grammatical Errors: 3 2
Double check grammar & spelling issues after essay writing.
Attribute Value Ideal
Score: 24 in 30
Category: Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 3 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 14 12
No. of Words: 256 250
No. of Characters: 1212 1200
No. of Different Words: 135 150
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4 4.2
Average Word Length: 4.734 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.023 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 77 80
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 52 60
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 25 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 15 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 18.286 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 7.535 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.786 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.401 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.604 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.127 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 4 4