Many countries require cigarette smokers to pay particularly high taxes on their purchases of cigarettes; similar taxes are being considered for unhealthy foods. The policy of imposing high taxes on cigarettes and other unhealthy products has a number of social benefits.
First of all, the taxes discourage people from indulging in unhealthy behaviors. Raising taxes on cigarettes, for instance, leads people to buy fewer of them. Smoking has declined as taxes on tobacco have risen, showing that these taxes do work to make society healthier. It can be expected that imposing similar taxes on unhealthy food and beverages would help reduce obesity rates.
Second, taxes of this kind are financially fair. When people get sick as a result of their smoking or eating unhealthy foods, they create medical costs. It is unfair that everyone in the society, including nonsmokers and people who follow a healthy diet, should contribute equally to covering these costs. Taxing people who engage in unhealthy behaviors creates extra income that can be used to cover the medical costs. In this way, some of the financial burden is shifted from all of society to just those who choose to participate in the unhealthy activities.
Finally, the high rate of taxation on cigarettes significantly increases revenue for the government. In addition to using this tax revenue on medical assistance, governments often use the revenue for other projects that benefit public welfare, such as building stadiums or creating public parks. Even basic government-supported services like public education benefit from these taxes. Thus, the taxes on cigarettes, and the proposed taxes on unhealthy foods, benefit everyone.
In the passage, the author concentrates on several arguments to prove that putting extra taxes on cigarettes and other unhealthy products has many social benefits. However, the lecturer challenged these arguments and respectively points out the problems with all author's assertions.
To begin with, according to the passage this new tax makes people unenthusiastic to buy cigarettes and other unhealthy products. On the contrary, the lecturer questions this idea by saying that this plan does not discourage people. In fact, they will buy cheaper cigarettes that contain dangerous materials more than the pricy cigarettes. Therefore, it makes problems for people's health. In addition, this plan has the same effect on food. People will continue buying unhealthy cheap foods which obviously make health problems.
Furthermore, the passage indicates that increasing tax is fair because when cigarette smokers and other products consumers get sick and their medical costs should cover by taxes that all people paid equally including healthy diet people. The lecturer, however, highlighted the fact that the new plan is unfair. For instance, both people with high income and low income should pay more tax which put bigger pressure on the latter. This issue is valid for unhealthy foods also. Imagine when they get sick the poor people can not afford the medical taxes.
The last point discussed in the passage has to do with government income. The passage illustrates that the new plan increases the government revenue which helps the government to spend more money on other projects that are beneficial for all people. Conversely, the lecturer brings up the fact that the government will will depended on this money which has negative effects on the community. In the worst case, there are many places in which smoking is forbidden and maybe the government will let smokers to smoke in those places in order to keep the extra income from the cigarette tax.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 4, column 470, Rule ID: ALSO_SENT_END
Message: 'Also' is not used at the end of the sentence. Use 'as well' instead.
Suggestion: as well
...This issue is valid for unhealthy foods also. Imagine when they get sick the poor pe...
Line 5, column 315, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
... brings up the fact that the government will will depended on this money which has negati...
Line 5, column 325, Rule ID: DID_BASEFORM
Message: The verb 'will' requires the base form of the verb: 'depend'
... the fact that the government will will depended on this money which has negative effect...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, conversely, furthermore, however, may, so, therefore, thus, as to, for instance, in addition, in fact, on the contrary, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 6.0 10.4613686534 57% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 8.0 5.04856512141 158% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 16.0 12.0772626932 132% => OK
Pronoun: 21.0 22.412803532 94% => OK
Preposition: 33.0 30.3222958057 109% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 5.01324503311 140% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1648.0 1373.03311258 120% => OK
No of words: 314.0 270.72406181 116% => OK
Chars per words: 5.24840764331 5.08290768461 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.20951839842 4.04702891845 104% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.55716421194 2.5805825403 99% => OK
Unique words: 166.0 145.348785872 114% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.528662420382 0.540411800872 98% => OK
syllable_count: 494.1 419.366225166 118% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 7.0 2.5761589404 272% => Less preposition wanted as sentence beginnings.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 17.0 13.0662251656 130% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 52.9597353091 49.2860985944 107% => OK
Chars per sentence: 96.9411764706 110.228320801 88% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.4705882353 21.698381199 85% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.17647058824 7.06452816374 116% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 3.0 4.33554083885 69% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 12.0 4.45695364238 269% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.27373068433 47% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.262095330028 0.272083759551 96% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0794712606198 0.0996497079465 80% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0871070188866 0.0662205650399 132% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.164844660491 0.162205337803 102% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0561340992293 0.0443174109184 127% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.5 13.3589403974 94% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 53.21 53.8541721854 99% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.3 11.0289183223 93% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.17 12.2367328918 108% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.2 8.42419426049 97% => OK
difficult_words: 73.0 63.6247240618 115% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 8.5 10.7273730684 79% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 71.6666666667 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.