In this set of materials, the reading and lecture both are discussing about smart cars which can drive themselves. The article states that cars will be much safer, faster and inexpensive in future because of such technology. The lecturer however, casts doubt on all the points made in reading and provides three reasons to support his assumptions.
First of all, the passage mentions that smart cars will be more safer than regular cars as, they have advanced technology to avoid the accidents by detecting other cars and an automatic breaking system to avoid collisions. It will help save lot of lives. On the contrary, the lecturer argues that despite of such advanced technology, the cars can cause accidents due to occasional technological failures which can result in severe accidents than earlier as automatic cars drive very close to each other.
Furthermore, the article posits that automatic cars are much faster as compared to regular cars which will in turn decrease the commuting time as there would not be any congestion. The lecturer however, claims that the benefit of reducing commuting time, will encourage more and more people to drive these smart cars which will again be responsible for increase in congestion on highways, hence will reduce the speed significantly.
Finally, according to the writer these automated cars are cost effective as, they do not require repairs and much maintenance because of perfect driving on highways. The speaker contradicts this point. He posits that smart cars would not save money. The global positioning system in these cars is highly expensive. These cars are also equipped with other costly technology such as sensors that is required to maintain distance between the cars to avoid collision. If these expensive technologies require any repair or replacement the cost will be exorbitant than regular car parts and repairs.
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- TPO27 - Integrated TOEFL essay 3
- Soon technology will provide smart cars that virtually drives themselves. A computer in the car determines the speed and route to the desired destination. The computer is in continuous contact with a global positioning system and other technologies that w 33
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 46, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
... of all, the passage mentions that smart cars will be more safer than regular car...
Line 3, column 61, Rule ID: MOST_COMPARATIVE
Message: Use only 'safer' (without 'more') when you use the comparative.
...ssage mentions that smart cars will be more safer than regular cars as, they have advance...
Line 3, column 456, Rule ID: COMP_THAN
Message: Comparison requires 'than', not 'then' nor 'as'.
...result in severe accidents than earlier as automatic cars drive very close to each...
Line 5, column 365, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...ill again be responsible for increase in congestion on highways, hence will reduc...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, finally, first, furthermore, hence, however, if, so, such as, first of all, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 11.0 10.4613686534 105% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 13.0 5.04856512141 257% => Less auxiliary verb wanted.
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 11.0 12.0772626932 91% => OK
Pronoun: 20.0 22.412803532 89% => OK
Preposition: 33.0 30.3222958057 109% => OK
Nominalization: 5.0 5.01324503311 100% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1587.0 1373.03311258 116% => OK
No of words: 303.0 270.72406181 112% => OK
Chars per words: 5.23762376238 5.08290768461 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.17215713816 4.04702891845 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.66137189608 2.5805825403 103% => OK
Unique words: 164.0 145.348785872 113% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.541254125413 0.540411800872 100% => OK
syllable_count: 493.2 419.366225166 118% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 3.25607064018 154% => OK
Interrogative: 0.0 0.116997792494 0% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 2.5761589404 116% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 14.0 13.0662251656 107% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 21.2450331126 99% => OK
Sentence length SD: 71.6862494998 49.2860985944 145% => OK
Chars per sentence: 113.357142857 110.228320801 103% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.6428571429 21.698381199 100% => OK
Discourse Markers: 6.92857142857 7.06452816374 98% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 4.0 4.19205298013 95% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 7.0 4.33554083885 161% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.27373068433 70% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.321228820838 0.272083759551 118% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.120898014291 0.0996497079465 121% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0668305526482 0.0662205650399 101% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.19866796615 0.162205337803 122% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0484215723602 0.0443174109184 109% => OK
automated_readability_index: 14.1 13.3589403974 106% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 50.16 53.8541721854 93% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 11.0289183223 104% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.11 12.2367328918 107% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.16 8.42419426049 109% => OK
difficult_words: 86.0 63.6247240618 135% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 10.7273730684 103% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 10.498013245 99% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.