The Familiarity PrinciplePeople tend to develop a preference for things they have previously encountered, things they are familiar with. Social psychologists refer to this tendency as the familiarity principle. Given a choice between two similar items, on

Speaking topics in text

The Familiarity Principle
People tend to develop a preference for things they have previously encountered, things they are familiar with. Social psychologists refer to this tendency as the familiarity principle. Given a choice between two similar items, one they have experienced before and another that is new. most people will choose the familiar item. This principle operates even when people are not conscious of their previous experience with an item. Once people have been exposed to an item, even if they do not recall having been exposed to it, they will tend to prefer that item over other items to which they have not been previously exposed.

Speaking recording
Votes
Average: 6.8 (1 vote)
Speaking category
Speakings by the user

Comments

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 549.0 592.248995984 93% => OK
No of words: 135.0 155.574297189 87% => More words wanted. You may: choose simpler words or speak faster or remove hesitations or remove long pauses, and fully use the time, do NOT save one or two seconds.
Chars per words: 4.06666666667 3.80514564318 107% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.4086580994 3.525876923 97% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.09125161885 1.79077849142 117% => OK
Unique words: 93.0 93.7148594378 99% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.688888888889 0.604071249207 114% => OK
Syllable count: 171.0 185.844578313 92% => OK
Avg_syllables_per_word: 1.3 1.19417670683 109% => OK

Performance on coherence:
Topic speech coherence ratio: 0.0409489854511 0.0650381309087 63% => OK

Acoustic performance on paragraphs:
How many acoustic paragraphs: 7.0 4.35341365462 161% => OK
Average paragraph length: 19.2857142857 68.503853103 28% => The average paragraph length is low.
STD paragraph length: 15.8719364712 21.3332995233 74% => OK
Average paragraph duration: 7.92571428571 25.9943957902 30% => The speaking content is not well organized.
STD paragraph duration: 5.27689805295 7.84667146824 67% => OK

Acoustic performance on sentences:
How many acoustic sentences: 43.0 42.0642570281 102% => OK
Average acoustic sentence length: 3.13953488372 4.02192344571 78% => OK
STD acoustic sentence length: 2.15213680023 3.1217529195 69% => OK
Average acoustic sentences duration: 1.15651162791 1.45093177766 80% => OK
STD acoustic sentences duration: 0.716781838046 0.99851816184 72% => OK

Acoustic performance on acoustic silence:(An acoustic silence means a little pause between two or more words)
How many acoustic silence: 42.0 39.0421686747 108% => OK
Total acoustic silence duration: 8.1 7.12997991968 114% => OK
Average acoustic silence duration: 0.192857142857 0.185688545393 104% => OK
STD acoustic silence duration: 0.154554439697 0.155154303396 100% => OK

Acoustic performance on acoustic words:
Total word duration: 41.66 47.1480722892 88% => Need to talk more.
Average word duration: 0.308592592593 0.305395592593 101% => OK
STD word duration: 0.173355395874 0.189427763521 92% => OK

Disfluencies: like hesitations, or 'ehn' or taking a long time to pronounce a word:
How many disfluencies: 6.0 7.94979919679 75% => OK
Total_disfluencies_duration: 4.35 6.2937751004 69% => OK
Total acoustic noise duration: 3.84 3.39508032129 113% => OK

Acoustic rates:
Total speech duration: 55.48 59.7592369478 93% => Talk more. Do not save time. People can talk 4-5 words in one second.
Compare to expected duration: 0.924666666667 0.995987282463 93% => Some seconds left. Need to talk more.
Rate of silence: 0.757029560202 0.656000678711 115% => OK
Rate of speech: 2.43330930065 2.60215298798 94% => OK
Rate of speech by unique words: 1.67627974045 1.56821927147 107% => OK
Rate of word duration by unique words: 2.23235717715 1.99336655568 112% => OK
Average articulation rates: 0.450774288889 0.317803793328 142% => OK

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Rates: 68.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by speech e-grader: 20.5 Out of 30
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Note: the speech e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas.