An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia—the scent of lavender flowers—has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. At the beginning of the second week, the volunteers discontinued their sleeping medication. During that week, they slept less soundly than the previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks. Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time.
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.
The author of the argument purportedly highlights that scientists have proved that an especial scent of flowers have positive effects on chronic insomnia and it could cure insomnia in a short period of time. However, the premises upon which he puts his claim are fallacious. For the support of which more well-established evidence should be given.
First, the author contends that in a study 30 volunteers slept on lavender scent pillows for three weeks and were monitored electronically in a room. However, it does not lend credence to the argument since, there is no sufficient evidence to support if this study is reliable due to the number of participants and a short period of time. One point that should be consider is that this study could not be accurate and reliable owing to the fact that the number of volunteers are restricted to 30 people, which everyone could have completely different sleep's habit. Indeed, this scent flowers should be test on a wide range and it would include vast majorities of people in order to prove its affection. It is also important to say that the author does not show how this lavender influence people's sleep. In addition, when people know they are monitoring there is possibility that their stress rise up and might not sleep soundly.
The author also asserts that the volunteers sleep conveniently during first week but wakened hardly. Although it might seems tenable at face, it has some defects. Due to the paucity of evidence, that would consolidate the premise the otherwise. One of the main, if not the only, problem with the premise is that the author does not mention that whether the volunteers were exhausted or not. Indeed, there is possibility that they were tired enough to sleep soundly and it enhance the likelihood of not waking up easily. Alongside that, the author does not show any evidence about medication and the way they sleep during first week.
Finally, as set forth by the author during third week the volunteers sleep soundly and longer than previous weeks. Nevertheless, the rationale behind this premise could be challenged owing to an inadequate evidence to support if this lavender scent flowers were pure without any substances added up to the scent. One point that should not go unnoticed is that there is possibility that some substances were used in this scent in order to take suitable outcomes, which will make volunteers sleep longer than ever. Indeed, the author does not provide any evidence to prove that this flower is healthy or not. In fact, it might result unnatural sleeping.
Having scrutinized all premises, a logical conclusion that can be drawn is that there is some evidence, having been ignored by the author while the presence of which could add to the logic of each premise.
- tpo 50 3
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 193, Rule ID: PERIOD_OF_TIME
Message: Use simply 'period'.
...a and it could cure insomnia in a short period of time. However, the premises upon which he pu...
Line 3, column 324, Rule ID: PERIOD_OF_TIME
Message: Use simply 'period'.
... the number of participants and a short period of time. One point that should be consider is t...
Line 3, column 365, Rule ID: SHOULD_BE_DO
Message: Did you mean 'considered'?
...eriod of time. One point that should be consider is that this study could not be accurat...
Line 5, column 473, Rule ID: IT_VBZ
Message: Did you mean 'enhances'?
...re tired enough to sleep soundly and it enhance the likelihood of not waking up easily....
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, first, however, if, nevertheless, so, third, well, while, in addition, in fact
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 27.0 19.6327345309 138% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 16.0 12.9520958084 124% => OK
Conjunction : 12.0 11.1786427146 107% => OK
Relative clauses : 26.0 13.6137724551 191% => OK
Pronoun: 43.0 28.8173652695 149% => OK
Preposition: 55.0 55.5748502994 99% => OK
Nominalization: 17.0 16.3942115768 104% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2319.0 2260.96107784 103% => OK
No of words: 468.0 441.139720559 106% => OK
Chars per words: 4.95512820513 5.12650576532 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.65116196802 4.56307096286 102% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.57193515224 2.78398813304 92% => OK
Unique words: 219.0 204.123752495 107% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.467948717949 0.468620217663 100% => OK
syllable_count: 715.5 705.55239521 101% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 4.96107784431 121% => OK
Interrogative: 1.0 0.471057884232 212% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.76447105788 91% => OK
Subordination: 4.0 2.70958083832 148% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 4.22255489022 71% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 21.0 19.7664670659 106% => OK
Sentence length: 22.0 22.8473053892 96% => OK
Sentence length SD: 53.277606941 57.8364921388 92% => OK
Chars per sentence: 110.428571429 119.503703932 92% => OK
Words per sentence: 22.2857142857 23.324526521 96% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.66666666667 5.70786347227 82% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 4.0 5.25449101796 76% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 8.0 6.88822355289 116% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 8.0 4.67664670659 171% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.192466063814 0.218282227539 88% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0559584496598 0.0743258471296 75% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0789569929202 0.0701772020484 113% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.10499303695 0.128457276422 82% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0569468508659 0.0628817314937 91% => OK
automated_readability_index: 13.1 14.3799401198 91% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 57.61 48.3550499002 119% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.7 12.197005988 88% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.78 12.5979740519 94% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.93 8.32208582834 95% => OK
difficult_words: 95.0 98.500998004 96% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 12.3882235529 89% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.8 11.1389221557 97% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.9071856287 92% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6 -- The score is based on the average performance of 20,000 argument essays. This e-grader is not smart enough to check on arguments.
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.