In an attempt to improve highway safety, Prunty County last year lowered its speed limit from 55 to 45 miles per hour on all county highways. But this effort has failed: the number of accidents has not decreased, and, based on reports by the highway patrol, many drivers are exceeding the speed limit. Prunty County should instead undertake the same kind of road improvement project that Butler County completed five years ago: increasing lane widths, resurfacing rough highways, and improving visibility at dangerous intersections. Today, major Butler County roads still have a 55 mph speed limit, yet there were 25 percent fewer reported accidents in Butler County this past year than there were five years ago.
The argument given seems plausible at a glance but is fallacious on meticulous analysis. The three unwarranted assumptions are the loop holes of the argument undermining the argument.
Firstly, after lowering the speed limit the accidents in Prunty County was not decreased because many drivers are still exceeding the speed limit. The failure of decreasing accidents by this speed limiting strategy is not due to the strategy itself, but because of no strict implementation of the strategy.
Secondly, the road in Prunty county is assumed to decrease accidents if lane width, resurfacing rough highways and improving visibility as in Prunty county, what if the accidents in the Prunty county is only due to the high speed in highway? The reason for the accidents in Prunty County can not be assumed to be due to the width, rough surface and weak visibility.
Thirdly, the Prunty County is expected to be similar as Butler County where 25 % fewer accidents reported assumed to be due to road improvements. What if the rods in Butler County had fewer number of accidents reported also before the road improvement? What if the conditions of Butler County highly differs from that of the Prunty Count?
In conclusion, the argument fails to answer these questions because of the unwarranted assumptions and unsubstantiated conclusion ultimately weakening the argument. Rigorous study of the causes of accidents in Butler County must be done to strengthen the argument.
- In an attempt to improve highway safety, Prunty County last year lowered its speed limit from 55 to 45 miles per hour on all county highways. But this effort has failed: the number of accidents has not decreased, and, based on reports by the highway patro 33
- : Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study. 50
- The following recommendation appeared in a memo from the mayor of the town of Hopewell."Two years ago, the nearby town of Ocean View built a new municipal golf course and resort hotel. During the past two years, tourism in Ocean View has increased, n 50
- The following memorandum is from the business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants."Recently, butter has been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. This change, however, has had litt 50
- As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and more mysterious." 50
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, firstly, if, second, secondly, so, still, then, third, thirdly, in conclusion
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 19.6327345309 66% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 2.0 12.9520958084 15% => OK
Conjunction : 5.0 11.1786427146 45% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 2.0 13.6137724551 15% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 4.0 28.8173652695 14% => OK
Preposition: 35.0 55.5748502994 63% => OK
Nominalization: 8.0 16.3942115768 49% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1236.0 2260.96107784 55% => More number of characters wanted.
No of words: 236.0 441.139720559 53% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.23728813559 5.12650576532 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.91947592106 4.56307096286 86% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.91119060023 2.78398813304 105% => OK
Unique words: 117.0 204.123752495 57% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.495762711864 0.468620217663 106% => OK
syllable_count: 383.4 705.55239521 54% => syllable counts are too short.
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 0.0 4.96107784431 0% => OK
Article: 7.0 8.76447105788 80% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 2.70958083832 37% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 4.22255489022 47% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 11.0 19.7664670659 56% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 21.0 22.8473053892 92% => OK
Sentence length SD: 44.1419573274 57.8364921388 76% => OK
Chars per sentence: 112.363636364 119.503703932 94% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.4545454545 23.324526521 92% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.63636363636 5.70786347227 151% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 5.25449101796 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 1.0 8.20758483034 12% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 8.0 6.88822355289 116% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.67664670659 43% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.265399779182 0.218282227539 122% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.105836731348 0.0743258471296 142% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0833338649784 0.0701772020484 119% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.132964405052 0.128457276422 104% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0916485296802 0.0628817314937 146% => OK
automated_readability_index: 14.0 14.3799401198 97% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 50.16 48.3550499002 104% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 12.197005988 94% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.11 12.5979740519 104% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.49 8.32208582834 102% => OK
difficult_words: 57.0 98.500998004 58% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 11.5 12.3882235529 93% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 11.1389221557 93% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.9071856287 101% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Minimum 250 words wanted.
Rates: 33.33 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 2.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.