in the letter to the editor of the Balmer Island Gazette, the author concludes that limiting moped rentals during the summer will reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians. The main support the author provides for this conclusion is a case study of a neighboring island where a 50 percent reduction in accidents was achieved after implementing similar regulations. There are several logical weaknesses in the presented argument which this essay will examine.
First, the author is making the assumption that saturating the roads with mopeds is the only cause of these accidents. The assumption is that mopeds are culpable for these accidents and that the solution is to limit their presence on the island. However, it should also be noted that as the number of tourists (moped riding and pedestrians) rises, the global probability of accidents regardless of the involved vehicle may also rise. That is, due to the rise in population accidents are more likely. In order for this action of limiting mopeds to be effective, it should be determined which vehicles are most likely to be involved in accidents. For example, if motorcycles are involved in the majority of accidents, limiting their presence on the island may be more effective. The author has not established any direct evidence implicating solely mopeds.
Second, the author fails to recognize their flawed assumption of generalizability between Seaville and Balmer island. The only support offered for using this case study is that Seaville is nearby. However, the author fails to address any significant differences in infrastructure or geography that can speak to the successful reduction of accidents due to the implementation of moped limits. It may be that moped account for a greater proportion of accidents on Seaville than on Balmer and limitation was a successful strategy as a result. The author needs to develop a stronger set of case studies with islands that are minimally different from Balmer island in order for generalizability to be applicable.
In conclusion, the author needs to establish a set of evidence that directly implicates the moped as the cause of the accidents and present a set of case studies that demonstrate successful reduction in moped and pedestrian accidents in a similar environment to Balmer island.
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- "On Balmer Island, where mopeds serve as a popular form of transportation, the population increases to 100,000 during the summer months. To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island should limit the55
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
in the letter to the editor of the Balmer ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, first, however, if, may, second, so, for example, in conclusion, as a result
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 23.0 19.6327345309 117% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 8.0 12.9520958084 62% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 11.1786427146 72% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 13.6137724551 110% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 28.8173652695 83% => OK
Preposition: 52.0 55.5748502994 94% => OK
Nominalization: 17.0 16.3942115768 104% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1960.0 2260.96107784 87% => OK
No of words: 373.0 441.139720559 85% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.25469168901 5.12650576532 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.39467950092 4.56307096286 96% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.98135861021 2.78398813304 107% => OK
Unique words: 165.0 204.123752495 81% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.44235924933 0.468620217663 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 634.5 705.55239521 90% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.7 1.59920159681 106% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 4.96107784431 81% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.76447105788 126% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 2.70958083832 37% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 4.22255489022 71% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 16.0 19.7664670659 81% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 23.0 22.8473053892 101% => OK
Sentence length SD: 53.873078562 57.8364921388 93% => OK
Chars per sentence: 122.5 119.503703932 103% => OK
Words per sentence: 23.3125 23.324526521 100% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.125 5.70786347227 90% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 5.15768463074 78% => More paragraphs wanted.
Language errors: 1.0 5.25449101796 19% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 8.0 8.20758483034 97% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 6.88822355289 87% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.67664670659 43% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.304890761907 0.218282227539 140% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.110703923748 0.0743258471296 149% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.100116715488 0.0701772020484 143% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.208451334166 0.128457276422 162% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0426334466975 0.0628817314937 68% => OK
automated_readability_index: 15.0 14.3799401198 104% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 39.67 48.3550499002 82% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 13.4 12.197005988 110% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.47 12.5979740519 107% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.8 8.32208582834 106% => OK
difficult_words: 95.0 98.500998004 96% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 12.3882235529 85% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.2 11.1389221557 101% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.9071856287 76% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 16 15
No. of Words: 373 350
No. of Characters: 1919 1500
No. of Different Words: 161 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.395 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.145 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.922 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 155 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 108 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 84 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 60 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 23.312 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.658 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.438 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.353 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.526 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.081 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 4 5