The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville."All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years several accidents in and around Centerville have inv

Essay topics:

The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville.

"All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

The author of the letter to the school board in the town of Centerville asserts that there ought to be an effective and mandatory driving course supported by Centerville High School. To bolster the argument, the author cites several accidents occurred in and around Centerville in the past two years, complaints from parents in Centerville, and parents' current condition in Centerville about affording driving lessons for their teenagers. However, without proper evidence added, the author's claim that are based on several assumptions would remain gratuitous.

To begin with, the author conjectures that teenagers involved in several accidents in and around Centerville in the past two years are from Centerville . To substantiate such assertion, the author should provide evidence that shows the percentage of students from Centerville that are actually engaged in those accidents. If there is an evidence that illustrates that the majority of accidents took place because of teenagers outside of Centerville, the author's argument will become flawed.

Furthermore, the author supposes that complaints of parents can fully represent opinions of the entire parents in Centerville. The exact percentage of those parents who compained is needed to show the reliability of the author's claim. Also, even if those complaints fully represent overall opinions, there is no evidence given that shows they are not teaching their children. There is a possibility that those parents are giving their children driving lessons during their spare time in reality. Thus, without giving those evidences, the author's assertion remains incomplete.

Another assumption the author's argument relies on is that increase of driving lessons would decrease the accident rate around Centerville. However, those teenagers involved in accidents in and around Centerville might have received proper driving education; it could be their conscience that needs improvement. The author has to provide evidence that lack of driving lesson is the cause of accidents that involved teenage drivers.

Lastly, the author's claim depends on the supposition that school driving would be more affordable. Nevertheless, even if the initial price seems more affordable, parents might have to pay similar amount of money on driving lessons in actuality. The author needs to manifest that the total cost of driving lessons sponsored by Centerville High School would be less than the total cost of sending teenagers to two driving schools in town. The school inevitably have to collect money from town. Thus, there should be an exact analysis of cost and benefit in order to buttress the argument cogently.

All in all, the author's claim is incomplete. To strengthen the argument, the author has to provide aforementioned information additionally. Without further proper evidence, the author's assertion includes a lot of logical flaws.

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Average: 7 (3 votes)
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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 403, Rule ID: AFFORD_VBG[1]
Message: This verb is used with infinitive: 'to drive'.
Suggestion: to drive
...ondition in Centerville about affording driving lessons for their teenagers. However, w...
^^^^^^^
Line 3, column 152, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Don't put a space before the full stop
Suggestion: .
... the past two years are from Centerville . To substantiate such assertion, the aut...
^^
Line 3, column 455, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...f teenagers outside of Centerville, the authors argument will become flawed. Furthe...
^^^^^^^
Line 5, column 539, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...us, without giving those evidences, the authors assertion remains incomplete. Anoth...
^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 24, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
... incomplete. Another assumption the authors argument relies on is that increase of ...
^^^^^^^
Line 11, column 178, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...y. Without further proper evidence, the authors assertion includes a lot of logical fla...
^^^^^^^

Discourse Markers used:
['actually', 'also', 'but', 'furthermore', 'however', 'if', 'lastly', 'nevertheless', 'so', 'then', 'thus', 'as to', 'such as', 'to begin with']

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance in Part of Speech:
Nouns: 0.263917525773 0.25644967241 103% => OK
Verbs: 0.177319587629 0.15541462614 114% => OK
Adjectives: 0.0659793814433 0.0836205057962 79% => OK
Adverbs: 0.0371134020619 0.0520304965353 71% => OK
Pronouns: 0.0144329896907 0.0272364105082 53% => OK
Prepositions: 0.148453608247 0.125424944231 118% => OK
Participles: 0.0474226804124 0.0416121511921 114% => OK
Conjunctions: 2.83175142951 2.79052419416 101% => OK
Infinitives: 0.0288659793814 0.026700313972 108% => OK
Particles: 0.0 0.001811407834 0% => OK
Determiners: 0.105154639175 0.113004496875 93% => OK
Modal_auxiliary: 0.0247422680412 0.0255425247493 97% => OK
WH_determiners: 0.0144329896907 0.0127820249294 113% => OK

Vocabulary words and sentences:
No of characters: 2902.0 2731.13054187 106% => OK
No of words: 442.0 446.07635468 99% => OK
Chars per words: 6.56561085973 6.12365571057 107% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.58517132086 4.57801047555 100% => OK
words length more than 5 chars: 0.454751131222 0.378187486979 120% => OK
words length more than 6 chars: 0.371040723982 0.287650121315 129% => OK
words length more than 7 chars: 0.233031674208 0.208842608468 112% => OK
words length more than 8 chars: 0.162895927602 0.135150697306 121% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.83175142951 2.79052419416 101% => OK
Unique words: 195.0 207.018472906 94% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.441176470588 0.469332199767 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
Word variations: 48.3239672918 52.1807786196 93% => OK
How many sentences: 22.0 20.039408867 110% => OK
Sentence length: 20.0909090909 23.2022227129 87% => OK
Sentence length SD: 47.1626559441 57.7814097925 82% => OK
Chars per sentence: 131.909090909 141.986410481 93% => OK
Words per sentence: 20.0909090909 23.2022227129 87% => OK
Discourse Markers: 0.636363636364 0.724660767414 88% => OK
Paragraphs: 6.0 5.14285714286 117% => OK
Language errors: 6.0 3.58251231527 167% => OK
Readability: 57.1949814891 51.9672348444 110% => OK
Elegance: 2.00900900901 1.8405768891 109% => OK

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.572958615692 0.441005458295 130% => OK
Sentence sentence coherence: 0.13713830768 0.135418324435 101% => OK
Sentence sentence coherence SD: 0.0825308710595 0.0829849096947 99% => OK
Sentence paragraph coherence: 0.577074268066 0.58762219726 98% => OK
Sentence paragraph coherence SD: 0.119444886817 0.147661913831 81% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.244688851349 0.193483328276 126% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.144290688129 0.0970749176394 149% => OK
Paragraph paragraph coherence: 0.438046417147 0.42659136922 103% => OK
Paragraph paragraph coherence SD: 0.0969584860539 0.0774707102158 125% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.405237997426 0.312017818177 130% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.126365779897 0.0698173142475 181% => OK

Task Achievement:
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.33743842365 60% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 10.0 6.87684729064 145% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.82512315271 145% => OK
Positive topic words: 5.0 6.46551724138 77% => OK
Negative topic words: 10.0 5.36822660099 186% => OK
Neutral topic words: 6.0 2.82389162562 212% => OK
Total topic words: 21.0 14.657635468 143% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

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Rates: 70.83 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.25 Out of 6 -- The score is based on the average performance of 20,000 argument essays. This e-grader is not smart enough to check on arguments.
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Note: This is not the final score. The e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Sentence: The exact percentage of those parents who compained is needed to show the reliability of the author's claim.
Error: compained Suggestion: complained

----------------
argument 1 -- OK

argument 2 -- OK

argument 3 -- OK

argument 4 -- not OK. there are two arguments actually:

Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. //maybe some parents are rich enough.

Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem. //it means it is free for all students. 1. maybe some students already took the driving school.
2. maybe the program is not as good as the driving schools. 3. more...

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Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 4.0 out of 6
Category: Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 1 2
No. of Sentences: 22 15
No. of Words: 441 350
No. of Characters: 2404 1500
No. of Different Words: 186 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.583 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.451 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.742 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 197 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 161 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 107 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 66 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 20.045 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 7.388 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.5 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.366 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.59 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.118 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 6 5