"Traffic here in Waymarsh is becoming a problem. Although just three years ago a state traffic survey showed that the typical driving commuter took 20 minutes to get to work, the commute now takes closer to 40 minutes, according to the survey just completed. Members of the town council already have suggested more road building to address the problem, but as well as being expensive, the new construction will surely disrupt some of our residential neighborhoods. It would be better to follow the example of the nearby city of Garville. Last year Garville implemented a policy that rewards people who share rides to work, giving them coupons for free gas. Pollution levels in Granville have dropped since the policy was implemented, and people from Garville tell me that commuting times have fallen considerably. There is no reason why a policy like Garville's shouldn't work equally well in Waymarsh."
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.
The author of the argument purportedly highlights that people of Waymarsh have difficulty with traffics and roads and they are not able to take to their destination on time. So, the government should implement a similar policy like Garville and encourage people to share a ride because building new roads in Waymarsh is expensive and impossible. However, the premises upon which he puts his claim are fallacious. For the support of which more well-established evidence should be given.
The first assumption that lacks some semblance of truth and can be overtly impugned is that the Waymarsh should exactly keep track of neighboring city and encourage people to share a ride. However, it does not lend credence to the argument since there is no sufficient evidence to support if follow the example of the nearby city could solve the problem in Waymarsh. One point that should be considered is that the author compares two different cities where the situation and conditions are totally different. For instance, maybe people in Garville do not have the problem with this policy. But there are no guarantee settlements in Waymarsh adopt to the policy easily and quickly. What if it does not resolve the problem successfully? I addition, maybe not too many people accept this policy in Waymarsh due to the fact that perhaps they like to ride their own personal cars.
The author also asserts that this policy has been implemented in Granville and it brought about myriads of advantages like Coupons of free gas, reduction of pollution, reduce the time of commuting and so forth. Although it might seem tenable at a face, it has some defects due to the paucity of evidence that would consolidate the premise the otherwise. One of the main, if not the only, problem with the premise is that the author just hints at the policy during the last year. Indeed, there is a possibility that this policy fails during next years or perhaps after years, people prefer not to share a ride. Moreover, the author does not mention any information about the population that used this policy. In fact, maybe a fraction of people were proponents of this policy because they had not to commute a long distance for works.
Putting the two previous assumptions aside, there is still room for doubt. As set forth by the author building new roads are expensive and it creates some problems regarding residential areas. Nevertheless, the rationale behind this premise could be challenged owing to an unsettled evidence to support if constructions and improvement of infrastructures are impossible and hard to do. One point that should not go unnoticed is that not only in Waymarsh but also in all cities there are a great many unused fields. So, without interference with residential areas, these lands could be erected for new roads and buildings. Also, nowadays, with the development of economy and system of banks, the council of the city could rely on different loans provided by banks. So, in this case, the city could repel any obstacle or barriers regarding construction.
Having scrutinized all the premises, a logical conclusion that can be drawn is that there are pieces of evidence having been ignored by the author while the presence of which could add to the logic of each premise.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 643, Rule ID: ADOPT_TO
Message: Did you mean 'adapt to'?
Suggestion: adapt to
...re no guarantee settlements in Waymarsh adopt to the policy easily and quickly. What if ...
Line 9, column 216, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...could add to the logic of each premise.
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, first, however, if, may, moreover, nevertheless, regarding, so, still, well, while, for instance, in fact
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 26.0 19.6327345309 132% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 15.0 12.9520958084 116% => OK
Conjunction : 19.0 11.1786427146 170% => OK
Relative clauses : 19.0 13.6137724551 140% => OK
Pronoun: 38.0 28.8173652695 132% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 73.0 55.5748502994 131% => OK
Nominalization: 28.0 16.3942115768 171% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2733.0 2260.96107784 121% => OK
No of words: 549.0 441.139720559 124% => OK
Chars per words: 4.9781420765 5.12650576532 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.84053189512 4.56307096286 106% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.68041559991 2.78398813304 96% => OK
Unique words: 264.0 204.123752495 129% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.48087431694 0.468620217663 103% => OK
syllable_count: 857.7 705.55239521 122% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 4.96107784431 81% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.76447105788 114% => OK
Subordination: 3.0 2.70958083832 111% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.67365269461 60% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 4.22255489022 95% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 25.0 19.7664670659 126% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 22.8473053892 92% => OK
Sentence length SD: 45.2902461905 57.8364921388 78% => OK
Chars per sentence: 109.32 119.503703932 91% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.96 23.324526521 94% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.64 5.70786347227 81% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 5.25449101796 38% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 11.0 8.20758483034 134% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 8.0 6.88822355289 116% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.67664670659 128% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.0671672958801 0.218282227539 31% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0205140909145 0.0743258471296 28% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.02290376109 0.0701772020484 33% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.036434876246 0.128457276422 28% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0268644732784 0.0628817314937 43% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.
automated_readability_index: 13.0 14.3799401198 90% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 50.16 48.3550499002 104% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 12.197005988 94% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.6 12.5979740519 92% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.22 8.32208582834 99% => OK
difficult_words: 123.0 98.500998004 125% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 12.3882235529 89% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 11.1389221557 93% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.9071856287 101% => OK
What are above readability scores?
It is not exactly right on the topic in the view of e-grader. Maybe there is a wrong essay topic.
Rates: 16.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 1.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.0 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 25 15
No. of Words: 549 350
No. of Characters: 2666 1500
No. of Different Words: 254 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.841 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.856 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.625 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 183 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 137 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 96 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 58 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 21.96 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 7.866 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.76 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.277 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.469 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.046 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5