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To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In

Essay topics: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

Reaz's picture

Many developed western countries had minimal civil service ethics codes focusing on anti-corruption practices and preventing conflict of interests or self-dealing. These were not effectively enforced because of the practical incompetence of civil servants consistently applying ethical principles. Also, merely publishing ethics codes and service charters were found insufficient for many countries. Internalizing integrity and ethics in governments needs top-level political commitment, continuing reforms and effective enforcement of ethics codes. Therefore, public officials could receive encouragement coupled with civil service reforms for a more ethical environment.

Citizens and businesses among others have higher expectations of civil servants for upholding higher ethical standards in many countries because of increasing media scrutiny on unethical practices and relevant awareness generating programs. Citizens are impatient with governments and want an end to past corrupt practices. Many countries have laws promoting good governance, accountability and transparency of government officials like the Freedom of Information Act. These increase citizens’ access for information, obtaining reasons for official decisions among others. These laws along with ongoing public finance, regulatory reforms and oversight for reducing waste and inefficient public resource use have increased the pressure on civil servants for adhering to public service ethics codes.

On the other hand, many civil servants in different country governments do not think it is necessary for standing up against corruption and unethical practices as it harms personal and professional interests. For countries without established “whistleblower” laws and protection, public officials feel discouraged to make formal complaints. In certain cases there are officials who lack the necessary technical competence for recognizing ethics problems. In developing countries, ministers decide if the public get access to information in many circumstances. They often use national security or interest as reasons for withholding public information thereby circumventing existing laws and discouraging efforts towards a more ethical government climate.

Orienting and providing continued professional development and training for civil service employees on the content and application of ethical codes and principles respectively, regular ethics audits for identifying integirty risks of important processes along with highest level political commitment improves ethical and moral standards among public officials. Some countries with best practices are not restricted to the United States and Canada.

In conclusion, many countries with established effective enforcement of civil service ethical codes and relevant laws encourage public officials for maintaining high ethical and professional standards. However, those countries without “whistleblower protection”, technical competence among other issues nurture a discouraging environment whereby public officials merely narrowly follow the rules. There are possible ways though for improving ethical competence within existing standards for better public service.

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Average: 6.6 (1 vote)
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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 13, column 261, Rule ID: THE_SUPERLATIVE[2]
Message: A determiner is probably missing here: 'with the highest'.
Suggestion: with the highest
...irty risks of important processes along with highest level political commitment improves eth...
^^^^^^^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, however, if, so, therefore, in conclusion, on the other hand

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 7.0 19.5258426966 36% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 12.4196629213 8% => OK
Conjunction : 24.0 14.8657303371 161% => OK
Relative clauses : 1.0 11.3162921348 9% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 7.0 33.0505617978 21% => OK
Preposition: 45.0 58.6224719101 77% => OK
Nominalization: 25.0 12.9106741573 194% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2813.0 2235.4752809 126% => OK
No of words: 427.0 442.535393258 96% => OK
Chars per words: 6.58782201405 5.05705443957 130% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.54576487731 4.55969084622 100% => OK
Word Length SD: 3.29519265313 2.79657885939 118% => OK
Unique words: 234.0 215.323595506 109% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.548009367681 0.4932671777 111% => OK
syllable_count: 876.6 704.065955056 125% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 2.1 1.59117977528 132% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 6.24550561798 80% => OK
Article: 0.0 4.99550561798 0% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 3.10617977528 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.77640449438 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 4.38483146067 91% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 20.0 20.2370786517 99% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 23.0359550562 91% => OK
Sentence length SD: 65.3898118976 60.3974514979 108% => OK
Chars per sentence: 140.65 118.986275619 118% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.35 23.4991977007 91% => OK
Discourse Markers: 3.3 5.21951772744 63% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.97078651685 101% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 7.80617977528 13% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 9.0 10.2758426966 88% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 8.0 5.13820224719 156% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.83258426966 62% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.175601210758 0.243740707755 72% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0658059388805 0.0831039109588 79% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0416628194057 0.0758088955206 55% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.119643801806 0.150359130593 80% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0199523236303 0.0667264976115 30% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 20.3 14.1392134831 144% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 7.86 48.8420337079 16% => Flesch_reading_ease is low.
smog_index: 11.2 7.92365168539 141% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 17.4 12.1743820225 143% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 20.94 12.1639044944 172% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 10.52 8.38706741573 125% => OK
difficult_words: 158.0 100.480337079 157% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 11.8971910112 88% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 11.2143820225 93% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.7820224719 93% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

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