Productivity and Rewards
An important management principle is that when behavior is rewarded, it tends to be repeated. It follows that in many business enterprises, the approach to getting employees to work hard or improve productivity is to reward them with money or company stock. In addition, some enterprises use other forms of compensation such as special privileges or perhaps promotion or job reassignments or even company-paid luxury vacations and other bonuses in kind. All such rewards are usually tied in to some index of performance, which precisely calculates the relative amount of increased productivity.
Whatever the type of reward given, managerial consultants point out that the promise of such incentives improves employee attitudes, motivation, and productivity. Typical business handbooks describing compensation methods advocate giving the greatest rewards to those who perform the best. For example, a well-known academic text on incentives points out that "the closer the link between job performance and rewards, the greater the motivational effect."
Advocates of improving productivity through rewards tacitly accept that people are rather like physical bodies that require the application of some external motivating force to be set in motion. Furthermore, they argue that any such incentives must have a high perceived value to the employee and must also be perceived as within the reach of that person. If the productivity goal appears beyond the reach of the person striving for the reward, then the motivational effect will be lower and productivity may decline. But if the reward system is correctly structured, productivity experts argue, it is possible to persuade people to achieve remarkable results.
According to the passage, to improve the productivity of the bussiness enterprise is to reward the employees. But the lecturer contradicts some points for the same. These points are as below.
Firstly, the passage reports that whatever the type of reward is given to the employees, it improves employee attitudes and motivation. However, as the result of a research, the lecturer mentions that most of the employees didn't like rewards. They want to be paid more if they do extra hard work instead of getting rewards. Secondly, the passage mentions that greate amount of reward inscreases the overall performance and productivity and also motivational effect. In contrast, the speaker claims that reward turns out to be counter productivity, i.e. it doesn't give more productivity, but actually less. And employees believe that reward is an act of punishment because they feel like being controlled. Lastly, the passage states that to improve productivity, motivating force is to be set in motion and it is more desirable. But, the speaker mentions that employees don't want the reward because they have insecurity or fear that what will happen if they fail to get it.
To conclude, the passage points out the reasons why the reward is important in improving the productivity, while the lecturer contradicts the same.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 224, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...rer mentions that most of the employees didnt like rewards. They want to be paid more...
Line 3, column 557, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...out to be counter productivity, i.e. it doesnt give more productivity, but actually le...
Line 3, column 870, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...ut, the speaker mentions that employees dont want the reward because they have insec...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
actually, also, but, first, firstly, however, if, lastly, second, secondly, so, while, in contrast
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 11.0 10.4613686534 105% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 5.04856512141 20% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 8.0 12.0772626932 66% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 18.0 22.412803532 80% => OK
Preposition: 25.0 30.3222958057 82% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1108.0 1373.03311258 81% => OK
No of words: 213.0 270.72406181 79% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.20187793427 5.08290768461 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.82027741392 4.04702891845 94% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.877179783 2.5805825403 111% => OK
Unique words: 114.0 145.348785872 78% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.535211267606 0.540411800872 99% => OK
syllable_count: 337.5 419.366225166 80% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Interrogative: 0.0 0.116997792494 0% => OK
Article: 7.0 8.23620309051 85% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 3.0 1.51434878587 198% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 12.0 13.0662251656 92% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 36.8769538089 49.2860985944 75% => OK
Chars per sentence: 92.3333333333 110.228320801 84% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.75 21.698381199 82% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.16666666667 7.06452816374 116% => OK
Paragraphs: 3.0 4.09492273731 73% => More paragraphs wanted.
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 8.0 4.33554083885 185% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 3.0 4.45695364238 67% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 1.0 4.27373068433 23% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.193863733152 0.272083759551 71% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0701784950296 0.0996497079465 70% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0443187312826 0.0662205650399 67% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.11866356002 0.162205337803 73% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0383657811149 0.0443174109184 87% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.9 13.3589403974 89% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 54.22 53.8541721854 101% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.9 11.0289183223 90% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.58 12.2367328918 103% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.67 8.42419426049 91% => OK
difficult_words: 43.0 63.6247240618 68% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 6.5 10.7273730684 61% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Minimum four paragraphs wanted. The correct pattern:
para 1: introduction
para 2: doubt 1
para 3: doubt 2
para 4: doubt 3
Less contents wanted from the reading passages(25%), more content wanted from the lecture (75%).
Don't need a conclusion paragraph.
Read sample essays from ETS:
Rates: 65.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 19.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.