Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. However, there are doubts whether some paintings attributed to Rembrandt were actually painted by him. One such painting is known as "Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet." The painting was attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman’s face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But there are problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work by Rembrandt.
First, there is something inconsistent about the way the woman in the portrait is dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only servants would wear—yet the coat she is wearing has a luxurious fur collar that no servant could afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects’ clothing, would not have been guilty of such inconsistency.
Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and shadow, but in this painting, these elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated by light reflected onto it from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow—which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error.
Finally, examination of the back of the painting reveals that it was painted on a panel made of several pieces of wood glued together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels, no painting known to be by Rembrandt uses a panel glued together in this way from several pieces of wood.
For these reasons, the painting was removed from the official catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings in the 1930s.
The lecture and the reading are about the painting of Rembrandt. The passage says, there are problems of these paintings that engender they were not created by Rembrandt and it offers three supporting ideas in order to strengthen its claim. However, the professor proclaims the painting was the creation of Rembrandt. She refutes each of the reasoning of the passage.
First, the article asserts that the women dressed were not harmonize because such type of discontinuity in between linen cap and the fur collar. But, the lecturer denies this idea. Apart from that, she describes the fur collar over the top were painted by the Rembrandt and also it increase the value of that painting.
Second, the reading states that there was a inconsistency of light and shadow. In addition, it was not possible to make by Rembrandt. However, the narrator refutes this claim. Conversely, she explains that when the light color of that painting will be removed the original light and shadow color will genuinely attributed to the Rembrandt.
Third, the written excerpt claims that it was not the work by Rembrandt because he did not paint something on the panel of the wood that was glued together. The point is quite incoherent with the presenter idea. Moreover, she elaborates that there are other form of painting made by Rembrandt on the wood panel such as self portrait of hat. Furthermore, Rembrandt use single wood panel for another kind of painting that made his work looked more grand and majestic.
- A fossil skeleton of a dinosaur called Sinosauropteryx preserved in volcanic ash was discovered in Liaoning China in 1996 Interestingly the fossil included a pattern of fine lines surrounding the skeletal bones Some paleontologists interpret the lines as 76
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- A little over 2 200 years ago the Roman navy attacked the Greek port city of Syracuse According to some ancient historians the Greeks defended themselves with an ingenious weapon called a burning mirror a polished copper surface curved to focus the Sun s 63
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 60, Rule ID: BEEN_PART_AGREEMENT
Message: Consider using a past participle here: 'harmonized'.
...asserts that the women dressed were not harmonize because such type of discontinuity in b...
Line 3, column 283, Rule ID: IT_VBZ
Message: Did you mean 'increases'?
...re painted by the Rembrandt and also it increase the value of that painting. Second, ...
Line 5, column 43, Rule ID: EN_A_VS_AN
Message: Use 'an' instead of 'a' if the following word starts with a vowel sound, e.g. 'an article', 'an hour'
...cond, the reading states that there was a inconsistency of light and shadow. In a...
Line 5, column 312, Rule ID: DID_BASEFORM
Message: The verb 'will' requires the base form of the verb: 'attribute'
...l light and shadow color will genuinely attributed to the Rembrandt. Third, the written...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, conversely, first, furthermore, however, look, moreover, second, so, then, third, apart from, in addition, kind of, such as
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 10.4613686534 124% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 2.0 5.04856512141 40% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 12.0 12.0772626932 99% => OK
Pronoun: 26.0 22.412803532 116% => OK
Preposition: 32.0 30.3222958057 106% => OK
Nominalization: 2.0 5.01324503311 40% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1256.0 1373.03311258 91% => OK
No of words: 251.0 270.72406181 93% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.00398406375 5.08290768461 98% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.98032404683 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.53291219669 2.5805825403 98% => OK
Unique words: 137.0 145.348785872 94% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.545816733068 0.540411800872 101% => OK
syllable_count: 371.7 419.366225166 89% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 3.25607064018 154% => OK
Article: 9.0 8.23620309051 109% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 15.0 13.0662251656 115% => OK
Sentence length: 16.0 21.2450331126 75% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 47.7896316044 49.2860985944 97% => OK
Chars per sentence: 83.7333333333 110.228320801 76% => OK
Words per sentence: 16.7333333333 21.698381199 77% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.93333333333 7.06452816374 126% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 4.0 4.19205298013 95% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 4.45695364238 45% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 8.0 4.27373068433 187% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.265134490874 0.272083759551 97% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0898447614612 0.0996497079465 90% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0764531292423 0.0662205650399 115% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.162357227995 0.162205337803 100% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0539786529438 0.0443174109184 122% => OK
automated_readability_index: 10.5 13.3589403974 79% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 63.7 53.8541721854 118% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.4 11.0289183223 76% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.42 12.2367328918 93% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.95 8.42419426049 94% => OK
difficult_words: 56.0 63.6247240618 88% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 6.0 10.7273730684 56% => Linsear_write_formula is low.
gunning_fog: 8.4 10.498013245 80% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.2008830022 71% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 78.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 23.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.