Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they answer the specific problems presented in the reading passage.Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. How¬ever, there are doubts whether some paintin

Essay topics:

Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they answer the specific problems presented in the reading passage.
Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. How¬ever, there are doubts whether some paintings attributed to Rembrandt were actu¬ally painted by him. One such painting is known as Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet. The painting was attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman's face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But there are problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work by Rembrandt. First, there is something inconsistent about the way the woman in the portrait is dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only servants would wear— yet the coat she is wearing has a luxurious fur collar that no servant could afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects' clothing, would not have been guilty of such an inconsistency. Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and shadow, but in this paint¬ing these elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated by light reflected onto it from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow一 which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error. Finally, examination of the back of the painting reveals that it was painted on a panel made of several pieces of wood glued together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels, no painting known to be by Rembrandt uses a panel glued together in this way from several pieces of wood. For these reasons the painting was removed from the official catalog of Rem¬brandt's paintings in the 1930s.

The reading and the lecture are both about a painting for Rembrandt. The author of the article believes that this painting is not original and it doesn't reflect Rembrandt style. However, the lecturer refutes the claims mentioned in the article.

First of all, the article states that how the woman is dressed in the painting casts doubt that the painting is not a genuine work of Rembrandt. Although the woman in the painting appear wearing a luxurious fur collar that's only for aristocrats, she appears also wearing white linen cap which is only for servants. this point is challenged by the lecturer. According to the lecture, the speaker says that the luxurious fur collar was added about a hundred years later to the original painting to increase the value of it.

Secondly, the author postulates that the use of light and shadow in the painting is not of the quality expected from Rembrandt. Since paintings of Rembrandt always reflect his attention to details, this painting could not be for Rembrandt because of the apparent errors that reflect lack of understanding of light and shadow. In contrast, the lecturer opposes this argument. The lecturer argues that the light and shadow in the original painting are very realistic and when we remove the added fur colors, light and shadow appear homogenous.

Lastly, the author indicates that the painting panel is made of many pieces of wood glued together which is contrary to the way other paintings for Rembrandt are made. other paintings for Rembrandt are made from only one single piece of wood. Again, the lecturer points out the invalidity of this argument. The lecturer proposes that these other pieces of wood were added later to the original painting to give the painting more grand look. In addition, the lecturer explains that it was discovered that another painting on wood for Rembrandt was made from the same tree from which Rembrandt got the wood for this painting under discussion.

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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 147, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
Suggestion: doesn't
...at this painting is not original and it doesnt reflect Rembrandt style. However, the l...
^^^^^^
Line 3, column 219, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
Suggestion: that's
...g appear wearing a luxurious fur collar thats only for aristocrats, she appears also ...
^^^^^
Line 3, column 316, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: This
...e linen cap which is only for servants. this point is challenged by the lecturer. Ac...
^^^^
Line 3, column 523, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
Suggestion:
...l painting to increase the value of it. Secondly, the author postulates that the...
^^^^^
Line 7, column 169, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Other
...other paintings for Rembrandt are made. other paintings for Rembrandt are made from o...
^^^^^
Line 7, column 642, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
Suggestion:
...ood for this painting under discussion.
^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, first, however, lastly, look, second, secondly, so, in addition, in contrast, first of all

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 17.0 10.4613686534 163% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 5.04856512141 20% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 12.0772626932 124% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 22.412803532 107% => OK
Preposition: 41.0 30.3222958057 135% => OK
Nominalization: 4.0 5.01324503311 80% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1637.0 1373.03311258 119% => OK
No of words: 327.0 270.72406181 121% => OK
Chars per words: 5.00611620795 5.08290768461 98% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.25242769721 4.04702891845 105% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.47282455162 2.5805825403 96% => OK
Unique words: 147.0 145.348785872 101% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.449541284404 0.540411800872 83% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 488.7 419.366225166 117% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 12.0 8.23620309051 146% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 16.0 13.0662251656 122% => OK
Sentence length: 20.0 21.2450331126 94% => OK
Sentence length SD: 52.5403119043 49.2860985944 107% => OK
Chars per sentence: 102.3125 110.228320801 93% => OK
Words per sentence: 20.4375 21.698381199 94% => OK
Discourse Markers: 6.0 7.06452816374 85% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 6.0 4.19205298013 143% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 2.0 4.33554083885 46% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 7.0 4.45695364238 157% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.27373068433 164% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.0838061267144 0.272083759551 31% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0368036502347 0.0996497079465 37% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0310631652962 0.0662205650399 47% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0566905963162 0.162205337803 35% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0121545007115 0.0443174109184 27% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 12.4 13.3589403974 93% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 59.64 53.8541721854 111% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.9 11.0289183223 90% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.78 12.2367328918 96% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.43 8.42419426049 88% => OK
difficult_words: 58.0 63.6247240618 91% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 7.5 10.7273730684 70% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.0 10.498013245 95% => OK
text_standard: 10.0 11.2008830022 89% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 3.33333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 1.0 Out of 30
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