Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they answer the specific problems presented in the reading passage.Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. How¬ever, there are doubts whether some paintin

Essay topics:

Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they answer the specific problems presented in the reading passage.

Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. How¬ever, there are doubts whether some paintings attributed to Rembrandt were actu¬ally painted by him. One such painting is known as Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet. The painting was attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman's face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But there are problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work by Rembrandt. First, there is something inconsistent about the way the woman in the portrait is dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only servants would wear— yet the coat she is wearing has a luxurious fur collar that no servant could afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects' clothing, would not have been guilty of such an inconsistency. Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and shadow, but in this paint¬ing these elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated by light reflected onto it from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow一 which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error. Finally, examination of the back of the painting reveals that it was painted on a panel made of several pieces of wood glued together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels, no painting known to be by Rembrandt uses a panel glued together in this way from several pieces of wood. For these reasons the painting was removed from the official catalog of Rem¬brandt's paintings in the 1930s.

The lecturer rejects the reasons presented in the reading passage about the problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work of famous Dutch painter Rembrandt. In her opinion it is true that the painting is painted by Rembrandt.

The lecturer argues that the first reason, inconsistency about the way the women dressed up, is not correct because the fur collar was not the part of original painting. In order to increase the value of the painting fur collar is been painted on the original painting hundred years after the painting was painted.
The reading passage, however, argues that the women in the painting is wearing a lavish fur collar coat which can not be afforded by a servant.

Regarding the second reason, elements of light and shadow does not fit together in the painting, the lecturer explains that in the original painting the cloth's color was light which was reflecting light on the face and the face was illuminating. Hence, the original painting was very realistic as expected by Rembrandt. The reading passage gives the opposite view that the painting is not painted by Rembrandt as it does not show the synchronization between the light and shadow.

Finally, the lecturer objects the third reason, the painting is made on several wood panels glued together. She points out that these panels were pasted later on to make the painting more grand and valuable. Even though the would of the original painting was of the same tree as used by Rembrandt in his other paintings.

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Average: 7.3 (1 vote)
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Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 270, Rule ID: NODT_DOZEN[1]
Message: Use simply: 'a hundred'.
Suggestion: a hundred
...s been painted on the original painting hundred years after the painting was painted. ...
^^^^^^^
Line 6, column 309, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
Suggestion:
...inting was very realistic as expected by Rembrandt. The reading passage gives the...
^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
finally, first, hence, however, regarding, second, so, third, it is true

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 18.0 10.4613686534 172% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 4.0 7.30242825607 55% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 9.0 12.0772626932 75% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 14.0 22.412803532 62% => OK
Preposition: 35.0 30.3222958057 115% => OK
Nominalization: 1.0 5.01324503311 20% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1260.0 1373.03311258 92% => OK
No of words: 257.0 270.72406181 95% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.90272373541 5.08290768461 96% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.00390054096 4.04702891845 99% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.50531086638 2.5805825403 97% => OK
Unique words: 124.0 145.348785872 85% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.482490272374 0.540411800872 89% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 370.8 419.366225166 88% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.4 1.55342163355 90% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 1.0 3.25607064018 31% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 2.5761589404 116% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 11.0 13.0662251656 84% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 23.0 21.2450331126 108% => OK
Sentence length SD: 48.8357002595 49.2860985944 99% => OK
Chars per sentence: 114.545454545 110.228320801 104% => OK
Words per sentence: 23.3636363636 21.698381199 108% => OK
Discourse Markers: 6.54545454545 7.06452816374 93% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 6.0 4.33554083885 138% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 3.0 4.45695364238 67% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.27373068433 47% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.0817847378554 0.272083759551 30% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0424139671746 0.0996497079465 43% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.047999543431 0.0662205650399 72% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0616217030509 0.162205337803 38% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0506240886193 0.0443174109184 114% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 13.3 13.3589403974 100% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 65.05 53.8541721854 121% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.9 11.0289183223 90% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.44 12.2367328918 93% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.66 8.42419426049 91% => OK
difficult_words: 47.0 63.6247240618 74% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.2 10.498013245 107% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?

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Rates: 73.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.0 Out of 30
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Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.