Both the passage and the lecture discuss whether the dinosaurs were endotherms or not. The author of the passage believes that dinosaurs were endotherms like birds and mammals and provides some reasons. However, the professor in the lecture casts doubt on the passage and refutes all the reasons in the passage.
Firstly, the passage states that many fossils of dinosaurs found in the polar regions. Hence, they were capable to live there and their body temperature should have been stable and worm. Then, the author makes the point that therefore, they were endotherms. However, the professor casts doubt on this point and explains that at dinosaur's era, the polar regions were warmer than now. Also, they could be able to migrate in the cold months to the warmer lands.
Secondly, the passage acclaims that the position of the legs in dinosaurs show that they were able to run; hence, they should have been endotherm. On the other hand, the professor in the lecture opposes to this assertion and believes that the position of the legs in dinosaurs was for carrying their high weight, not for running.
Finally, the passage states that the body of the dinosaurs had Haversian canals which makes them grow rapidly; hence, they were endotherm. However, the professor illustrates that although they had Haversian canals, it is not related to fast growing. They had grown rings that caused to growing rapidly; also, their growth rate decreased in the cold months.
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- TOEFL TPO 27 - Integrated Writing Task 73
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- TPO 6 integrated essay7
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, finally, first, firstly, hence, however, second, secondly, so, then, therefore, as for, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 9.0 7.30242825607 123% => OK
Relative clauses : 11.0 12.0772626932 91% => OK
Pronoun: 25.0 22.412803532 112% => OK
Preposition: 25.0 30.3222958057 82% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1223.0 1373.03311258 89% => OK
No of words: 243.0 270.72406181 90% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.0329218107 5.08290768461 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.94822203886 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.30404903926 2.5805825403 89% => OK
Unique words: 116.0 145.348785872 80% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.477366255144 0.540411800872 88% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 362.7 419.366225166 86% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 8.0 3.25607064018 246% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 2.5761589404 39% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 13.0 13.0662251656 99% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 29.8530919771 49.2860985944 61% => OK
Chars per sentence: 94.0769230769 110.228320801 85% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.6923076923 21.698381199 86% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.53846153846 7.06452816374 121% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 6.0 4.33554083885 138% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 4.45695364238 45% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 4.27373068433 117% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.363968203845 0.272083759551 134% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.137033383734 0.0996497079465 138% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0709191756457 0.0662205650399 107% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.230026757124 0.162205337803 142% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0364207118893 0.0443174109184 82% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.6 13.3589403974 87% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 61.67 53.8541721854 115% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.1 11.0289183223 83% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.89 12.2367328918 97% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.91 8.42419426049 94% => OK
difficult_words: 52.0 63.6247240618 82% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 6.0 10.7273730684 56% => Linsear_write_formula is low.
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 73.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.