The reading and the lecture are both about the damage done to forests due to forest fires and storms. The author of the reading believes that salvage logging is the best solution to remove dead trees from affected areas. The lecturer casts doubt on the claims made in the reading. She says the salvage logging causes more harm to the affected areas and the other living trees around.
First, the author claims that dead trees takes years to decompose, if they left alone. However, by using salvage logging, it removes the remains of dead trees and give space for fresh growth. This point is challenged by the lecturer. She says that cleaning up the dead trees does not give right conditions for new tree growth. Furthermore, she points out that rapid removal of dead trees will cause lack of nutrients in soil and harms the new growth of trees.
Secondly, the author states that decaying wood will be a suitable environment for insects, which damages other living trees such as spruce trees. He argues that removing those wood with salvage logging helps stopping the danger of insect growth. This argument is rebutted by the lecturer. She suggests that even though, there are insects they does not give much harms to other trees. She elaborates on this by mentioning that other animals such as birds also use those dead trees to live in and build their homes, so the lecturer says this method does not give long term help to other trees or the animals living in the environment.
Finally, the author mentions that salvage logging gives higher economical benefits. He is of the opinion that many industries depend on forests for their production and since, logging operations need more workers, locals can get additional jobs. Te lecturer, on the other hand, feels that economical benefits are low and it does not last very long. She puts forth the idea that logging requires heavy vehicles such as helicopters and trucks, which will higher maintenance and does not create job opportunities for locals.
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- TPO-14 - Integrated Writing Task Every year, forest fires and severe stormscause a great deal of damage to forests in the northwestern United States. One way of dealing with the aftermath of these disasters is called salvage logging, which is the practice 68
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 222, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
... remove dead trees from affected areas. The lecturer casts doubt on the claims mad...
Line 1, column 225, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...move dead trees from affected areas. The lecturer casts doubt on the claims made ...
Line 5, column 209, Rule ID: ADVISE_VBG
Message: The verb 'help' is used with infinitive: 'to stop' or 'stop'.
Suggestion: to stop; stop
...g those wood with salvage logging helps stopping the danger of insect growth. This argum...
Line 5, column 344, Rule ID: NON3PRS_VERB
Message: The pronoun 'they' must be used with a non-third-person form of a verb: 'do'
...hat even though, there are insects they does not give much harms to other trees. She...
Line 5, column 358, Rule ID: MUCH_COUNTABLE
Message: Use 'many' with countable nouns.
...h, there are insects they does not give much harms to other trees. She elaborates on...
Line 7, column 64, Rule ID: ECONOMICAL_ECONOMIC
Message: Did you mean 'economic' (=connected with economy)?
...tions that salvage logging gives higher economical benefits. He is of the opinion that man...
Line 7, column 290, Rule ID: ECONOMICAL_ECONOMIC
Message: Did you mean 'economic' (=connected with economy)?
...lecturer, on the other hand, feels that economical benefits are low and it does not last v...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, first, furthermore, however, if, second, secondly, so, such as, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 8.0 10.4613686534 76% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 5.0 5.04856512141 99% => OK
Conjunction : 11.0 7.30242825607 151% => OK
Relative clauses : 14.0 12.0772626932 116% => OK
Pronoun: 32.0 22.412803532 143% => OK
Preposition: 34.0 30.3222958057 112% => OK
Nominalization: 6.0 5.01324503311 120% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1670.0 1373.03311258 122% => OK
No of words: 341.0 270.72406181 126% => OK
Chars per words: 4.89736070381 5.08290768461 96% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.29722995808 4.04702891845 106% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.26830901538 2.5805825403 88% => OK
Unique words: 182.0 145.348785872 125% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.533724340176 0.540411800872 99% => OK
syllable_count: 490.5 419.366225166 117% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.4 1.55342163355 90% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 11.0 3.25607064018 338% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Interrogative: 0.0 0.116997792494 0% => OK
Article: 6.0 8.23620309051 73% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 18.0 13.0662251656 138% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => OK
Sentence length SD: 47.9570280898 49.2860985944 97% => OK
Chars per sentence: 92.7777777778 110.228320801 84% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.9444444444 21.698381199 87% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.61111111111 7.06452816374 79% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 7.0 4.19205298013 167% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 13.0 4.45695364238 292% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 1.0 4.27373068433 23% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.465327548544 0.272083759551 171% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.140365795062 0.0996497079465 141% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0874741036899 0.0662205650399 132% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.277548569643 0.162205337803 171% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0298458630968 0.0443174109184 67% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.1 13.3589403974 83% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 70.13 53.8541721854 130% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 7.9 11.0289183223 72% => Flesch kincaid grade is low.
coleman_liau_index: 11.14 12.2367328918 91% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.77 8.42419426049 92% => OK
difficult_words: 70.0 63.6247240618 110% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 7.5 10.7273730684 70% => Linsear_write_formula is low.
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.2008830022 71% => The average readability is low. Need to improve the language.
What are above readability scores?
Write the essay in 20 minutes.
Rates: 68.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 20.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.