Based on the given materials, the article, as well as the lecture, discuss the possibility that dinosaurs were endotherms, which are animals that can regular their internal body temperatures regardless of the environment’s changes. The author states that there are several viable theories that dinosaurs were endotherms. That being said, the lecturer provides several ideas to repudiate this claim.
Initially, the author says that since only endotherm animals can keep a body temperature above the polar environment, and there is some evidence that dinosaurs lived in Polar Regions, they must have been endotherms. However, the lecturer explains that this cannot be true owing to the fact that in those days, which dinosaurs lived, Polar regions were not as cold as nowadays. Thus dinosaurs which lived there had no problems maintaining body temperature during warm seasons. Also, they could have migrated or hibernated during the cold seasons.
Second, the writer proclaims that the connection between the position of legs, which is underneath the body, and endothermy shows that this feature allows endotherms to have physical activities such as running, and dinosaurs were not exceptional. Yet again, the speaker underscores that positions of the legs may have been developed to support more weights instead of energetic activities like running.
The final point of contention between the reading and listening passages is the existence of Haversian canals in some fossilized bones of dinosaurs. The author thinks these canals disclose that dinosaurs were endotherms because they allow them to grow fast. On the other hand, the speaker explains that albeit many dinosaurs had Haversian canals, some growing rings in bones indicate that these animals had a cycle in which they grew faster in warm seasons and stop growing in cold seasons, which is a characteristic of reptiles.
- TPO 35 independentDo you agree or disagree with the following statement?Famous entertainers and athletes deserve to have more privacy than they have now. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 73
- TPO3- It is more important to keep your old friends than it is to make new friends. Agree or not? 80
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Educating children is a more difficult task today than it was in the past because they spend so much time on cell phone, online games, and social networking Web site.Use specific reasons and examples t 85
- TOEFL T P O 3 - Integrated Writing Task 3
- Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship between people.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 73
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 378, Rule ID: SENT_START_CONJUNCTIVE_LINKING_ADVERB_COMMA
Message: Did you forget a comma after a conjunctive/linking adverb?
...r regions were not as cold as nowadays. Thus dinosaurs which lived there had no prob...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, however, may, second, so, thus, well, as to, such as, as well as, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 15.0 10.4613686534 143% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 6.0 5.04856512141 119% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 21.0 12.0772626932 174% => OK
Pronoun: 27.0 22.412803532 120% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 30.0 30.3222958057 99% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 5.01324503311 140% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1604.0 1373.03311258 117% => OK
No of words: 293.0 270.72406181 108% => OK
Chars per words: 5.47440273038 5.08290768461 108% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.13729897018 4.04702891845 102% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.74742967373 2.5805825403 106% => OK
Unique words: 163.0 145.348785872 112% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.556313993174 0.540411800872 103% => OK
syllable_count: 491.4 419.366225166 117% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.7 1.55342163355 109% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 4.0 1.51434878587 264% => Less conjunction wanted as sentence beginning.
Preposition: 1.0 2.5761589404 39% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 12.0 13.0662251656 92% => OK
Sentence length: 24.0 21.2450331126 113% => OK
Sentence length SD: 67.9392600457 49.2860985944 138% => OK
Chars per sentence: 133.666666667 110.228320801 121% => OK
Words per sentence: 24.4166666667 21.698381199 113% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.41666666667 7.06452816374 105% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 4.45695364238 45% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.27373068433 140% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.158191818112 0.272083759551 58% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0570400359383 0.0996497079465 57% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0623663987104 0.0662205650399 94% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0909584642891 0.162205337803 56% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0498681446363 0.0443174109184 113% => OK
automated_readability_index: 16.5 13.3589403974 124% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 38.66 53.8541721854 72% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 13.8 11.0289183223 125% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 14.74 12.2367328918 120% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.46 8.42419426049 112% => OK
difficult_words: 86.0 63.6247240618 135% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 10.7273730684 103% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.6 10.498013245 110% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.