The reading states that the ability of humpback whales migrate long distances is due to its use of navigable stars. However, the lecturer refutes this statement by stating that the proposed evidence is not very convincing.
First, the reading states that humpback whales seem to be quite intelligent to use the stars for navigation. This is due to the complexity of its brain which far outweighs that of other animals. The lecturer counters this point by stating that there is no real connection between intelligence and animals’ ability to use star for navigation. Furthermore, he mentioned that other animals such as ducks with an average cognitive ability and an inherent instinct enables them to migrate distances and not necessarily because of their intelligence. Therefore, the idea of humpback whale’s intelligibility in using stars for navigation does not seem to be connected.
Second, the ability of the whales to migrate in straight lines. The reading posits that whales could migrate in straight lines only when they depend on the stars to provide them with the external signs by which to maintain direction over long distances. On the contrary, the lecturer repudiates the idea by saying that the whale possesses a substance in the brain known as bio magnetite which makes it sensitive to the earth’s magnetic field. The fact there are bio magnetite in the brain suggests that they orient themselves towards to magnetic field rather than the stars during migration.
Third, the reading states that humpback whale exhibits a rare behavior known as spy-hopping. Spy hopping is when whales look up to stars to provide information on its navigation. In contrast to the reading, the lecturer claims that some other animals exhibit this unusual behavior. For example, he mentioned that although sharks display this behavior, it is not necessary to aid for their navigation. Rather, sharks spy for hunting purposes. The idea of whale spy hopping to look at star for navigation is pure speculation.
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Transition Words or Phrases used:
first, furthermore, however, look, second, so, therefore, third, for example, in contrast, such as, in contrast to, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 10.0 10.4613686534 96% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 5.04856512141 20% => OK
Conjunction : 3.0 7.30242825607 41% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 17.0 12.0772626932 141% => OK
Pronoun: 31.0 22.412803532 138% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 45.0 30.3222958057 148% => OK
Nominalization: 16.0 5.01324503311 319% => Less nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1705.0 1373.03311258 124% => OK
No of words: 325.0 270.72406181 120% => OK
Chars per words: 5.24615384615 5.08290768461 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.24591054749 4.04702891845 105% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.82330789246 2.5805825403 109% => OK
Unique words: 159.0 145.348785872 109% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.489230769231 0.540411800872 91% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 524.7 419.366225166 125% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 12.0 8.23620309051 146% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 17.0 13.0662251656 130% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 21.2450331126 89% => OK
Sentence length SD: 44.4297976635 49.2860985944 90% => OK
Chars per sentence: 100.294117647 110.228320801 91% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.1176470588 21.698381199 88% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.70588235294 7.06452816374 109% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 7.0 4.33554083885 161% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 1.0 4.45695364238 22% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 9.0 4.27373068433 211% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.527921413243 0.272083759551 194% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.177553000179 0.0996497079465 178% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0893722987879 0.0662205650399 135% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.307208202002 0.162205337803 189% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0531999007002 0.0443174109184 120% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.9 13.3589403974 97% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 52.19 53.8541721854 97% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.7 11.0289183223 97% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.17 12.2367328918 108% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.47 8.42419426049 101% => OK
difficult_words: 80.0 63.6247240618 126% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 9.0 10.7273730684 84% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 10.498013245 91% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Write the essay in 20 minutes.
Rates: 73.3333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.