Manned space flight is costly and dangerous. Moreover, the recent success of a series of unmanned space probes and satellites has demonstrated that a great deal of useful information can be gathered without the costs and risks associated with sending men and women into space. Therefore, we should invest our resources in unmanned space flight."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
The premise states that as unmanned space probes and satellites are capable of producing useful information, resources should be invested in unmanned space flight as sending men and women into space is costly and risky as well. Though the statement looks practically logical, but to evaluate the argument properly, questions must be answered.
First of all, the premise states that manned space flight costs more and possesses more risks, but the statement does not clarify which sectors need more cost and risk that is optimized in the unmanned space flights. Again, it says 'unmanned' space flight does not involve much cost and risk, but it is not clarified from the premise if the unmanned flights had other animals as its passenger. We have seen how science uses innocent animals in its research. "Laika", the first passenger of space flight was a dog who died in his journey to the space- can be an example of such selfish research.
Secondly, though the recent series of unmanned space probes have been able to send useful information, we can not assume that the situation will be in favor for ever. Because the statement does not specify if the unmanned space flights faced any risk factors during their journey. If the unmanned space probes have not encountered any difficulty that requires human expertise to resolve, it is possible that the unmanned flights were able to send necessary information. However, if the scene was not so, if the space flights had encountered such unexpected situation, it was likely that the space flight would be destroyed and would not be able to send any information.
If the author can answer the above mentioned questions properly and show enough evidence regarding these, the argument can be evaluated with proper consideration.
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- Manned space flight is costly and dangerous. Moreover, the recent success of a series of unmanned space probes and satellites has demonstrated that a great deal of useful information can be gathered without the costs and risks associated with sending men 50
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, however, if, look, regarding, second, secondly, so, well, first of all
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 17.0 19.6327345309 87% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 10.0 12.9520958084 77% => OK
Conjunction : 11.0 11.1786427146 98% => OK
Relative clauses : 9.0 13.6137724551 66% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 18.0 28.8173652695 62% => OK
Preposition: 22.0 55.5748502994 40% => More preposition wanted.
Nominalization: 14.0 16.3942115768 85% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1504.0 2260.96107784 67% => OK
No of words: 293.0 441.139720559 66% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.13310580205 5.12650576532 100% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.13729897018 4.56307096286 91% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.66022073075 2.78398813304 96% => OK
Unique words: 150.0 204.123752495 73% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.511945392491 0.468620217663 109% => OK
syllable_count: 464.4 705.55239521 66% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 4.96107784431 101% => OK
Article: 4.0 8.76447105788 46% => OK
Subordination: 7.0 2.70958083832 258% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 3.0 1.67365269461 179% => OK
Preposition: 0.0 4.22255489022 0% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 11.0 19.7664670659 56% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 26.0 22.8473053892 114% => OK
Sentence length SD: 46.7976124276 57.8364921388 81% => OK
Chars per sentence: 136.727272727 119.503703932 114% => OK
Words per sentence: 26.6363636364 23.324526521 114% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.45454545455 5.70786347227 131% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 5.15768463074 78% => More paragraphs wanted.
Language errors: 0.0 5.25449101796 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 6.88822355289 87% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 0.0 4.67664670659 0% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.414122201283 0.218282227539 190% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.161142151703 0.0743258471296 217% => Sentence topic similarity is high.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0938506847151 0.0701772020484 134% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.240071659675 0.128457276422 187% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0921755592678 0.0628817314937 147% => OK
automated_readability_index: 16.1 14.3799401198 112% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 45.09 48.3550499002 93% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 13.4 12.197005988 110% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.77 12.5979740519 101% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.43 8.32208582834 101% => OK
difficult_words: 65.0 98.500998004 66% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 13.5 12.3882235529 109% => OK
gunning_fog: 12.4 11.1389221557 111% => OK
text_standard: 13.0 11.9071856287 109% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.0 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 11 15
No. of Words: 293 350
No. of Characters: 1447 1500
No. of Different Words: 147 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.137 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.939 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.454 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 106 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 80 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 54 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 31 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 26.636 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.282 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.909 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.43 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.654 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.169 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 4 5