The author of the reading believes that the found fossil of a nest inside a 200 million years old tree in Arizona does not indicate that bees created it. The lecturer casts doubt on the claims made in the article and thinks that bees could exist that early on Earth.
First of all, the author points out that no bees fossils were found that date to 200 million years ago. This point is challenged by the professor. He says that bees fossils cannot preserve for a long period of time because there was a lack of trees that could produce resin.
Secondly, the author contends that bees could not be lived that long ago because modern bees feed only on flowers and first flowering plants appeared only 125 years ago. The lecturer rebuts this argument by saying that It is possible that bees in that period fed on none flowering plants like the pine tree and after plants evolution, they adapted to the new kind of food source.
Finally, the author states that the nest fossil does not have a spiral cap like today's bee nest have. The professor, on the other hand, posits that the chemical analyzes of the nest have the same material that modern bees use to protect it from water.
- TPO-17 - Integrated Writing Task In the past century, the steady growth of the human population and the corresponding increase in agriculture and pesticide use have caused much harm to wildlife in the United States,birds in particular. Unfortunately for b80
- TPO-15 - Integrated Writing Task The cane toad is a large (1.8 kg) amphibian species native to Central and South America. It was deliberately introduced to Australia in 1935 with the expectation that it would protect farmers' crops by eating harmful insec78
- TPO-46 - Independent Writing Task Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?The opinions of celebrities, such as famous entertainers and athletes, are more important to younger people than they are to older people.Use specific reasons and exam70
- TPO-49 - Integrated Writing Task Like many creatures, humpback whales migrate long distances for feeding and mating purposes. How animals manage to migrate long distances is often puzzling. In the case of humpback whales, we may have found the answer: the3
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 201, Rule ID: PERIOD_OF_TIME
Message: Use simply 'period'.
...bees fossils cannot preserve for a long period of time because there was a lack of trees that ...
Line 7, column 81, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'todays'' or 'today's'?
Suggestion: todays'; today's
... fossil does not have a spiral cap like todays bee nest have. The professor, on the ot...
Line 7, column 223, Rule ID: USE_TO_VERB
Message: Did you mean 'used'?
...have the same material that modern bees use to protect it from water.
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, finally, first, second, secondly, so, kind of, first of all, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 5.0 10.4613686534 48% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 5.04856512141 79% => OK
Conjunction : 3.0 7.30242825607 41% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 16.0 12.0772626932 132% => OK
Pronoun: 23.0 22.412803532 103% => OK
Preposition: 26.0 30.3222958057 86% => OK
Nominalization: 2.0 5.01324503311 40% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 972.0 1373.03311258 71% => OK
No of words: 214.0 270.72406181 79% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.54205607477 5.08290768461 89% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.82475343497 4.04702891845 95% => OK
Word Length SD: 1.97349012903 2.5805825403 76% => OK
Unique words: 118.0 145.348785872 81% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.551401869159 0.540411800872 102% => OK
syllable_count: 287.1 419.366225166 68% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.3 1.55342163355 84% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 7.0 8.23620309051 85% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 2.5761589404 39% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 9.0 13.0662251656 69% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 23.0 21.2450331126 108% => OK
Sentence length SD: 45.0878429318 49.2860985944 91% => OK
Chars per sentence: 108.0 110.228320801 98% => OK
Words per sentence: 23.7777777778 21.698381199 110% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.22222222222 7.06452816374 131% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 3.0 4.33554083885 69% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 5.0 4.45695364238 112% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 1.0 4.27373068433 23% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.326119497267 0.272083759551 120% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.135256908102 0.0996497079465 136% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.110044109096 0.0662205650399 166% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.206827082723 0.162205337803 128% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.103362461178 0.0443174109184 233% => More connections among paragraphs wanted.
automated_readability_index: 11.8 13.3589403974 88% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 73.51 53.8541721854 136% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.7 11.0289183223 79% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 9.35 12.2367328918 76% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.51 8.42419426049 89% => OK
difficult_words: 37.0 63.6247240618 58% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 9.0 10.7273730684 84% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.2 10.498013245 107% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 60.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 18.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.