Ethanol fuel, made from plants such as corn and sugar cane, has been advocated by some people as an alternative to gasoline in the United States. However, many critics argue that ethanol is not a good replacement for gasoline for several reasons.
First, the increased use of ethanol fuel would not help to solve one of the biggest environmental problems caused by gasoline use: global warming. Like gasoline, ethanol releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere when it is burned for fuel, and carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas: it helps trap heat in the atmosphere. Thus, ethanol offers no environmental advantage over gasoline.
Second, the production of significant amounts of ethanol would dramatically reduce the amount of plants available for uses other than fuel. For example, much of the corn now grown in the United States is used to feed farm animals such as cows and chickens. It is estimated that if ethanol were used to satisfy just 10 percent of the fuel needs in the United States, more than 60 percent of the corn currently grown in the United States would have to be used to produce ethanol. If most of the corn were used to produce ethanol, a substantial source of food for animals would disappear.
Third, ethanol fuel will never be able to compete with gasoline on price. Although the prices of ethanol and gasoline for the consumer are currently about the same, this is only because of the help—in the form of tax subsidies—given to ethanol producers by the United States government. These tax subsidies have cost the United States government over $11 billion in the past 30 years. If the United States government were to stop helping the producers in this way, the price of ethanol would increase greatly.
In the lecture,the lecturer casts doubts on the three points provided by the reading passage to assert that the ethanol as a fuel will not convenient as gasoline. The lecturer asserts that none of them provide a satisfactory point.
Firstly, according to the reading passage, the use of ethanol as a fuel will not add to the solution of the environmental crisis since it's burning also produce a huge amount of carbon dioxide. However, the lecturer disputes the point. He says that since ethanol is produced by the tree so if the use of it as a fuel will cause to produce more and more cane tree which eventually absorbs more amount of carbon dioxide thus established a balance which is far better then the use of gasoline
Secondly, on contrary to the reading passage that claims that, since the cane tree is a good food source to the cattle and other farm animals so it's used as fuel production will have a negative impact of the farm industry. Nevertheless, the lecturer refutes the point. He argues that large scale of production and using a new technique eg cellulose farming will not only provide food to the farm but also add to the fuel requirement.
Finally, the reading claims that the use of ethanol as fuel will increase its market price comparing to gasoline. On the contrary to this point, the lecturer claims that if the production will increase in a large scale amount then this will not happen. In order to bolster this point, he shows statistics that if the production of ethanol increase to 3 % the price will drop to about 40 % which is very much advantage to the use of ethanol as fuel instead of gasoline.
- Ethanol fuel, made from plants such as corn and sugar cane, has been advocated by some people as an alternative to gasoline in the United States. However, many critics argue that ethanol is not a good replacement for gasoline for several reasons.First, th 60
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 15, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , the
In the lecture,the lecturer casts doubts on the three poin...
Line 7, column 328, Rule ID: ALLOW_TO
Message: Did you mean 'producing'? Or maybe you should add a pronoun? In active voice, 'cause' + 'to' takes an object, usually a pronoun.
...o if the use of it as a fuel will cause to produce more and more cane tree which eventuall...
Line 7, column 458, Rule ID: COMPARISONS_THEN
Message: Did you mean 'better than'?
Suggestion: better than
...thus established a balance which is far better then the use of gasoline Secondly, o...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, first, firstly, however, if, nevertheless, second, secondly, so, then, thus, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 4.0 10.4613686534 38% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 9.0 5.04856512141 178% => OK
Conjunction : 4.0 7.30242825607 55% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 12.0 12.0772626932 99% => OK
Pronoun: 20.0 22.412803532 89% => OK
Preposition: 39.0 30.3222958057 129% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 5.01324503311 140% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1366.0 1373.03311258 99% => OK
No of words: 289.0 270.72406181 107% => OK
Chars per words: 4.72664359862 5.08290768461 93% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.12310562562 4.04702891845 102% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.54097164201 2.5805825403 98% => OK
Unique words: 125.0 145.348785872 86% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.432525951557 0.540411800872 80% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 429.3 419.366225166 102% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 7.0 8.23620309051 85% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 6.0 2.5761589404 233% => Less preposition wanted as sentence beginnings.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 10.0 13.0662251656 77% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 28.0 21.2450331126 132% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively long.
Sentence length SD: 121.465879983 49.2860985944 246% => The lengths of sentences changed so frequently.
Chars per sentence: 136.6 110.228320801 124% => OK
Words per sentence: 28.9 21.698381199 133% => OK
Discourse Markers: 11.2 7.06452816374 159% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 1.0 4.27373068433 23% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.108279826823 0.272083759551 40% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0473554501617 0.0996497079465 48% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0353440706963 0.0662205650399 53% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0703045910229 0.162205337803 43% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0165862728264 0.0443174109184 37% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.
automated_readability_index: 15.3 13.3589403974 115% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 51.52 53.8541721854 96% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 13.0 11.0289183223 118% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 10.75 12.2367328918 88% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.76 8.42419426049 92% => OK
difficult_words: 50.0 63.6247240618 79% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 13.2 10.498013245 126% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 71.6666666667 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.