A recent study reveals that people, especially young people, are reading far less literature—novels, plays, and poems—than they used to. This is troubling because the trend has unfortunate effects for the reading public, for culture in general, and for the future of literature itself.
While there has been a decline in book reading generally, the decline has been especially sharp for literature. This is unfortunate because nothing else provides the intellectual stimulation that literature does. Literature encourages us to exercise our imaginations, empathize with others, and expand our understanding of language. So by reading less literature, the reading public is missing out on important benefits.
Unfortunately, missing out on the benefits of literature is not the only problem. What are people reading instead? Consider the prevalence of self-help books on lists of best sellers. These are usually superficial, poorly written, and intellectually undemanding. Additionally, instead of sitting down with a challenging novel, many persons are now more likely to turn on the television, watch a music video, or read a Web page. Clearly, diverting time previously spent in reading literature to trivial forms of entertainment has lowered the level of culture in general.
The trend of reading less literature is all the more regrettable because it is taking place during a period when good literature is being written. There are many talented writers today, but they lack an audience. This fact is bound to lead publishers to invest less in literature and so support fewer serious writers. Thus, the writing as well as the reading of literature is likely to decline because of the poor standards of today's readers.
In the lecture, the lecturer casts doubts on three points provided in the reading passage to support the point that people literature reading habits decrease in a high amount which is a major concern to the culture. The lecturer asserts that none of them is a satisfactory accusation on top of the point.
Firstly, according to the reading, since the literature provides intellectual stimulation to a greater extent than any source the less reading of literature is caused by a great loss of the cultural benefits to the people. However, the lecturer disputes the point. He says that, there are too many sources such as science, music and many other sources that are also beneficial to stimulate the imagination.
Secondly, the reading claims that the readers are more inclined to the self-development books which are too poor and superficial to develop the reader's demand. He also adds that people are now like Tv shows and music video or web browsing instead of literature reading. Nevertheless, the lecturer attacks these points too. He believes that, those sources on which the reading objects are also too good to develop and evaluate the culture.
Finally, contrary to the reading that claims that the literature is not supported by the publisher to produce good writhings although they are of very good quality. On the other hand, the lecturer claims that the publisher support the high-quality writers and the other eare author fault to create high-quality literature work. In order to bolster this point, he claims that modern writers are often too difficult to understand by the public.
- In the 1950s Torreya taxifolia, a type of evergreen tree once very common in the state of Florida, started to die out. No one is sure exactly what caused the decline, but chances are good that if nothing is done, Torreya will soon become extinct. Experts 3
- A recent study reveals that people, especially young people, are reading far less literature—novels, plays, and poems—than they used to. This is troubling because the trend has unfortunate effects for the reading public, for culture in general, and fo 76
- The sea otter is a small mammal that lives in waters along the western coast of North America from California to Alaska. When some sea otter populations off the Alaskan coast started rapidly declining a few years ago, it caused much concern because sea ot 60
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship between people.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 70
- n the United States, employees typically work five days a week for eight hours each day. However, many employees want to work a four-day week and are willing to accept less pay inorder to do so. A mandatory policy requiring companies to offer their employ 85
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, finally, first, firstly, however, if, nevertheless, second, secondly, so, such as, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 0.0 5.04856512141 0% => OK
Conjunction : 6.0 7.30242825607 82% => OK
Relative clauses : 14.0 12.0772626932 116% => OK
Pronoun: 20.0 22.412803532 89% => OK
Preposition: 32.0 30.3222958057 106% => OK
Nominalization: 5.0 5.01324503311 100% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1370.0 1373.03311258 100% => OK
No of words: 263.0 270.72406181 97% => OK
Chars per words: 5.20912547529 5.08290768461 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.02706775958 4.04702891845 100% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.71387549693 2.5805825403 105% => OK
Unique words: 135.0 145.348785872 93% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.513307984791 0.540411800872 95% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 417.6 419.366225166 100% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 3.25607064018 154% => OK
Article: 6.0 8.23620309051 73% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 2.5761589404 194% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 12.0 13.0662251656 92% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 21.2450331126 99% => OK
Sentence length SD: 54.3765165817 49.2860985944 110% => OK
Chars per sentence: 114.166666667 110.228320801 104% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.9166666667 21.698381199 101% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.83333333333 7.06452816374 125% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 8.0 4.33554083885 185% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 0.0 4.27373068433 0% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.127169693404 0.272083759551 47% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0445812751734 0.0996497079465 45% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0522632031661 0.0662205650399 79% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.078681939854 0.162205337803 49% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0235773515195 0.0443174109184 53% => OK
automated_readability_index: 14.1 13.3589403974 106% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 50.16 53.8541721854 93% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.5 11.0289183223 104% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.94 12.2367328918 106% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.22 8.42419426049 98% => OK
difficult_words: 59.0 63.6247240618 93% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.5 10.7273730684 107% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 10.498013245 99% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.