The Salton Sea in California is actually a salty inland lake. The level of salt in the lake's water—what scientists call its salinity—has been increasing steadily for years because the lake's water is evaporating faster than it is being replaced by rainfall or rivers. If the trend continues, the lake's water will soon become so salty that the lake will be unable to support fish and bird populations. The lake would then become essentially a dead zone. Fortunately, there are several ways to reverse the trend that is threatening the lake's health.
One option is direct removal of salt from the lake's water in special desalination facilities. Water from the lake would be pumped into the facilities and heated. This would cause the water to evaporate into steam, while salt and other materials dissolved in the water would be left behind. The steam would then be cooled down and returned to the lake as salt-free water. Gradually, the high salt levels would be reduced and the lake’s overall health would be restored.
Another possible solution is to dilute the salt level in the lake with water from the ocean. Since water in the Pacific Ocean is 20 percent less salty than water in the lake, bringing ocean water into the lake would decrease the lake’s salinity. The ocean water could be delivered through pipelines or canals.
Yet another solution would be to control the lake's salinity by constructing walls to divide the lake into several sections. In the smaller sections, salinity would be allowed to increase. However, in the main and largest section, salinity would be reduced and controlled by, among other things, directing all the freshwater from small rivers in the area to flow into that main section of the lake.
In this set of materials, the reading passage states that the Salton See in California encounters a major problem. The level of salt is increasing for years for different reasons. The passage introduce three solutions to solve this issue. However, the lecturer finds all the solution dubious and impossible to to happen. She provides some evidence to refute them all.
First of all, the author of the passage claims that direct removal of salt through evaporation mechanism can make the water pure. In contrast, the professor argues that remaining salt is contaminated by some other poisonous chemicals which are dangerous for health. Even breathing the air of that chemicals can cause serious problems. So, this is not a safe solution.
Furthermore, it is mentioned in the reading passage that dilution of the salt in the lake is another way to reduce the level of salt. It proposes to use ocean water for this purpose. On the contrary, the lecturer contends that oceans are really far from the lake and long pipelines are needed which are too expensive. The government does not have enough resources to pay for the cost. Therefore, it is not practical at all.
Finally, the reading passage asserts that constructing walls is a definite solution. If they divide lake to a main section and some smaller sections, the main one stay clean with lower amount of salt. Conversely, the professor believes that for short while it may work but it is unlikely to help for a long period of time. Earth activities such as intense earthquakes would destroy the walls and mix all the water together. In fact, this one does not permanently solve the concern.
- People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 80
- In many places students must arrive very early in the morning to attend school Some people believe that starting the school day early is the best approach to support learning but others believe that starting the school day at a later time in the morning w 95
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Universities should require every graduating student to take public speaking courses Give specific examples and details to support your answer 90
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement For the successful development of a country it is more important for a government to spend money on the education of very young children five to ten years old than to spend money on universities Use sp 76
- A D It is better to take risks and explore new things when you are older than when you are young 54
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 308, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
...all the solution dubious and impossible to to happen. She provides some evidence to r...
Line 7, column 308, Rule ID: PERIOD_OF_TIME
Message: Use simply 'period'.
...k but it is unlikely to help for a long period of time. Earth activities such as intense earth...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, conversely, finally, first, furthermore, however, if, may, really, so, therefore, while, in contrast, in fact, such as, first of all, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 5.04856512141 79% => OK
Conjunction : 5.0 7.30242825607 68% => OK
Relative clauses : 10.0 12.0772626932 83% => OK
Pronoun: 21.0 22.412803532 94% => OK
Preposition: 32.0 30.3222958057 106% => OK
Nominalization: 8.0 5.01324503311 160% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1375.0 1373.03311258 100% => OK
No of words: 279.0 270.72406181 103% => OK
Chars per words: 4.92831541219 5.08290768461 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.08696624509 4.04702891845 101% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.60708281824 2.5805825403 101% => OK
Unique words: 160.0 145.348785872 110% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.573476702509 0.540411800872 106% => OK
syllable_count: 428.4 419.366225166 102% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 3.25607064018 184% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.23620309051 134% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 19.0 13.0662251656 145% => OK
Sentence length: 14.0 21.2450331126 66% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 34.7385964469 49.2860985944 70% => OK
Chars per sentence: 72.3684210526 110.228320801 66% => OK
Words per sentence: 14.6842105263 21.698381199 68% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.10526315789 7.06452816374 115% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 4.0 4.33554083885 92% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 8.0 4.45695364238 179% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.27373068433 164% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.180181259754 0.272083759551 66% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0475434022429 0.0996497079465 48% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0555563930015 0.0662205650399 84% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.107260396886 0.162205337803 66% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0361695520638 0.0443174109184 82% => OK
automated_readability_index: 9.1 13.3589403974 68% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 65.73 53.8541721854 122% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 7.6 11.0289183223 69% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 10.72 12.2367328918 88% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.12 8.42419426049 96% => OK
difficult_words: 67.0 63.6247240618 105% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 6.5 10.7273730684 61% => OK
gunning_fog: 7.6 10.498013245 72% => OK
text_standard: 8.0 11.2008830022 71% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 75.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.