Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they challenge specific theory presented in the reading passage.
Both the article and the lecture are about 52-hertz whale, a mysterious whale that sings in unusually high pitch of 52 hertz. While the author of the passage explores three theories to explain the whale. However, the lecturer finds flaws in each theory.
The first theory suggests that the unusual high pitch is caused by the fact that the whale is the hybrid of two species. However, this point is challenged by the lecturer. He believes that it is unlikely the right explanation by stating the evidence that its migration pattern is different from the normal whales. If it was the hybrid, it should have the same migration pattern as others.
Secondly, the poor hearing might cause the whale to fail copying the sounds it hears, resulting in unusual song, the writer insists. Similar to human, whales may learn to sing by copying the sound they hear. Whereas the lecturer says that the eccentric high pitch is caused by the physical structure of throat, not relevant to the sense of hearing. The high pitch is caused by the throat and it does nothing to do with the poor hearing.
52-hertz may be, the third theory assumes, the only remain of a species that is now extinct. The lecturer believes this is irrational because even if this is a species that is now gone, it should have parents that have the same song. The observation of whale pitches have been conducted for many decades so it is not practi
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 127, Rule ID: SENTENCE_FRAGMENT
Message: “While” at the beginning of a sentence requires a 2nd clause. Maybe a comma, question or exclamation mark is missing, or the sentence is incomplete and should be joined with the following sentence.
...gs in unusually high pitch of 52 hertz. While the author of the passage explores thre...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
first, however, if, may, second, secondly, so, third, whereas, while
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 16.0 10.4613686534 153% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 5.0 5.04856512141 99% => OK
Conjunction : 2.0 7.30242825607 27% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 9.0 12.0772626932 75% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 22.0 22.412803532 98% => OK
Preposition: 25.0 30.3222958057 82% => OK
Nominalization: 5.0 5.01324503311 100% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1164.0 1373.03311258 85% => OK
No of words: 248.0 270.72406181 92% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.6935483871 5.08290768461 92% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.96837696647 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.29967422929 2.5805825403 89% => OK
Unique words: 134.0 145.348785872 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.540322580645 0.540411800872 100% => OK
syllable_count: 344.7 419.366225166 82% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.4 1.55342163355 90% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 0.0 2.5761589404 0% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 14.0 13.0662251656 107% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 31.9137869254 49.2860985944 65% => OK
Chars per sentence: 83.1428571429 110.228320801 75% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.7142857143 21.698381199 82% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.85714285714 7.06452816374 69% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 0.0 4.33554083885 0% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 10.0 4.27373068433 234% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.111426928986 0.272083759551 41% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0438777318085 0.0996497079465 44% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0491922624919 0.0662205650399 74% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0669688156573 0.162205337803 41% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0298298784493 0.0443174109184 67% => OK
automated_readability_index: 9.5 13.3589403974 71% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 71.14 53.8541721854 132% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 7.6 11.0289183223 69% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 9.63 12.2367328918 79% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.05 8.42419426049 96% => OK
difficult_words: 56.0 63.6247240618 88% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 6.5 10.7273730684 61% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 10.0 11.2008830022 89% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 70.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.