TOEFL T P O 47 - Integrated Writing Task
The lecture and the reading both discuss the fly ability of the Pterosaurs. While the reading states that this animal has some weakness and cannot fly, the lecture refutes each of the author's reasons.
First of all, the reading claims the pterosaurs are cold-blooded reptiles and this kind of animals cannot fly because they need to consume more energy. However, the lecture argues that fossils of Pterosaurs show this animal has a hair which covers the whole body, and we know that warming-blood animal has a hair on their body to preserve the body heat. Furthermore, the professor says, the metabolism of the warm-blooded animal supply enough energy to powered flight.
In addition, the reading makes the arguments that pterosaurs cannot fly due to their weight which was very huge. The lecture counter this point by stating Pterosaurs have unusual light anatomy, for instance, they had hollow bones instead of solid bones. According to the professor, this low weight helps the animal to consume less energy for flying.
Ultimately, the reading passage argues that pterosaurs needed big and powerful muscle to fly but their leg's muscles were delicate. The lecture refutes this claim by pointing out there is some difference between birds and pterosaurs birds use two legs for running and jumping but pterosaurs use the four legs. Moreover, the professor says this animal uses four legs to push off the ground to jump high and to walk.
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Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, furthermore, however, if, moreover, so, while, for instance, in addition, kind of, first of all
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 4.0 10.4613686534 38% => More to be verbs wanted.
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 5.04856512141 79% => OK
Conjunction : 10.0 7.30242825607 137% => OK
Relative clauses : 7.0 12.0772626932 58% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 18.0 22.412803532 80% => OK
Preposition: 24.0 30.3222958057 79% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1208.0 1373.03311258 88% => OK
No of words: 238.0 270.72406181 88% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.0756302521 5.08290768461 100% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.92775363542 4.04702891845 97% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.42175776455 2.5805825403 94% => OK
Unique words: 133.0 145.348785872 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.558823529412 0.540411800872 103% => OK
syllable_count: 362.7 419.366225166 86% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 2.0 3.25607064018 61% => OK
Article: 11.0 8.23620309051 134% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 11.0 13.0662251656 84% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 21.0 21.2450331126 99% => OK
Sentence length SD: 34.8092796595 49.2860985944 71% => OK
Chars per sentence: 109.818181818 110.228320801 100% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.6363636364 21.698381199 100% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.72727272727 7.06452816374 138% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 0.0 4.19205298013 0% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 6.0 4.33554083885 138% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 3.0 4.45695364238 67% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.27373068433 47% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.0 0.272083759551 0% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0 0.0996497079465 0% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0 0.0662205650399 0% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0 0.162205337803 0% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0 0.0443174109184 0% => Paragraphs are similar to each other. Some content may get duplicated or it is not exactly right on the topic.
automated_readability_index: 13.3 13.3589403974 100% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 58.62 53.8541721854 109% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.3 11.0289183223 93% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.18 12.2367328918 100% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.13 8.42419426049 97% => OK
difficult_words: 52.0 63.6247240618 82% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 10.498013245 99% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
It is not exactly right on the topic in the view of e-grader. Maybe there is a wrong essay topic.
Rates: 3.33333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 1.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.