While the issue both the reading and listening focus on is whether the Edmontosaurus migrated to the south since the environment of the North Slope was inhospitable for them, the listening casts doubt at three main points.
At the first point, the reading states that Edmontosaurus’s exclusive food was plants, which cannot grow in such dark and cold place like the North Pole. The migration hypothesis is strongly supported by their diet. According to the listening, summer temperature at that time was warmer than that of today since the sun shined 24 hours a day. Therefore, it creates a good condition for plants to grow. When winter came, the might have eaten the nutrient dead plants. This is a direct contradiction to what is stated in the reading.
At the second point, the reading believes that Edmontosaurus fossils were found at the same site. Therefore they may have travelled in herd, which resembles a lot of today animals’ characteristics. On the contrary, the listening argues that staying in herd may serve other purposes rather than migrating. It provides them with extra protection from predator. The professor illustrates this by mentioning the Roosevelt elk, which live in herd but not migrate. This is an important point that was not considered by the author of the reading passage.
At the last point, the reading mentions that the Edmontosaurus were able to travel the distance of 1600 km to thedestination since they can reach up to the speed of 45 km per hour. However, the listening confirms that dinosaur juveniles did not have the capability to travel at that velocity. It will significantly slow down the speed of the herd and make it impossible to reach the destination. The Edmontosaurus cannot leave the juveniles since they were not able to survive in that harsh environment. This is yet another example of how the professor and the author of the reading contradicts each other.
- TPO-34 - Integrated Writing Task A huge marine mammal known as Steller’s sea cow once lived in the waters around Bering Island off the coast of Siberia. It was described in 1741 by Georg W. Steller, a naturalist who was among the first Europeans to see 61
- TPO-28 - Integrated Writing Task Robert E. Peary was a well-known adventurer and arctic explorer who in 1909 set out to reach the North Pole. When he returned from the expedition, he claimed to have reached the pole on April 7, 1909. This report made him 80
- TPO-29 - Integrated Writing Task Large numbers of dinosaur fossils have been discovered in deposits on Alaska's North Slope, a region that today experiences an extremely cold,arctic climate. One hundred million years ago, when those dinosaurs were alive, 75
- TPO-05 - Independent Writing Task Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?People today spend too much time on personal enjoyment-doing things they like to do-rather than doing things they should do.Use specific reasons and examples to suppo 70
- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Young people nowadays do not give enough time to helping their communities.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 73
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 99, Rule ID: SENT_START_CONJUNCTIVE_LINKING_ADVERB_COMMA
Message: Did you forget a comma after a conjunctive/linking adverb?
...us fossils were found at the same site. Therefore they may have travelled in herd, which ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, however, if, may, second, so, therefore, while, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 10.4613686534 124% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 7.0 5.04856512141 139% => OK
Conjunction : 6.0 7.30242825607 82% => OK
Relative clauses : 14.0 12.0772626932 116% => OK
Pronoun: 24.0 22.412803532 107% => OK
Preposition: 46.0 30.3222958057 152% => OK
Nominalization: 9.0 5.01324503311 180% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1612.0 1373.03311258 117% => OK
No of words: 320.0 270.72406181 118% => OK
Chars per words: 5.0375 5.08290768461 99% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.22948505376 4.04702891845 105% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.95381109755 2.5805825403 114% => OK
Unique words: 178.0 145.348785872 122% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.55625 0.540411800872 103% => OK
syllable_count: 482.4 419.366225166 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 3.25607064018 184% => OK
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 2.5761589404 194% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 18.0 13.0662251656 138% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 42.9573431829 49.2860985944 87% => OK
Chars per sentence: 89.5555555556 110.228320801 81% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.7777777778 21.698381199 82% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.16666666667 7.06452816374 59% => More transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 7.0 4.33554083885 161% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 4.45695364238 135% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 4.27373068433 117% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.239469328131 0.272083759551 88% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0683053353536 0.0996497079465 69% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0414808001556 0.0662205650399 63% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.142176448414 0.162205337803 88% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0292848913969 0.0443174109184 66% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.2 13.3589403974 84% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 62.68 53.8541721854 116% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 8.7 11.0289183223 79% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.66 12.2367328918 95% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.74 8.42419426049 92% => OK
difficult_words: 66.0 63.6247240618 104% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 10.7273730684 103% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 75.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.