The reading and the listening are both about the purpose of carved stone balls found in Scotland. The passage believes there are three possible theories of the usage of carved stone balls. However, the professor refutes all of the claims made in the article, and she provides three arguments as follows.
To begin with, the author in the article points out that primitive tribes might used carved stone balls as weapons for hunting or fighting. Nonetheless, the lecturer challenged the point by mentioning that in general, those carved stone balls would be cracked or pieced if used for attack. However, those stones were found well-preserved or only little damage on. Therefore, this theory is unconvincing for sure.
Second, the article contends that carved stone balled was regarded as system of weights and measures because they are uniform in size. Conversely, the lecturer states that carved stone balls are made by different types of materials such as limestone or sand. That is to say, those stone balls have different density and different weight though their sizes look similar. As a result, it's impossible for the primitive weight system.
Last, the passage maintains that carved stone balled were viewed as a social purpose because of the elaborate designs. Nonetheless, the professor disagrees with the statement, and she mentions that the design of carved stone balls are simple, which means they are not delicate enough for the higher class. Besides, in old times, some british who died with high ranking would be buried with their precious possessions. However, researchers don't find carved stone balls in any tombs or graves. Hence,those stone balls are not used for social purpose in community.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 221, Rule ID: ALL_OF_THE
Message: Simply use 'all the'.
Suggestion: all the
...e balls. However, the professor refutes all of the claims made in the article, and she pro...
Line 1, column 292, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...rticle, and she provides three arguments as follows. To begin with, the author...
Line 5, column 119, Rule ID: ADJECTIVE_IN_ATTRIBUTE
Message: A more concise phrase may lose no meaning and sound more powerful.
...f weights and measures because they are uniform in size. Conversely, the lecturer states that c...
Line 7, column 440, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...cious possessions. However, researchers dont find carved stone balls in any tombs or...
Line 7, column 498, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , those
...tone balls in any tombs or graves. Hence,those stone balls are not used for social pur...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
besides, conversely, hence, however, if, look, nonetheless, second, so, therefore, well, in general, such as, as a result, to begin with, that is to say
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 14.0 10.4613686534 134% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 10.0 7.30242825607 137% => OK
Relative clauses : 9.0 12.0772626932 75% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 19.0 22.412803532 85% => OK
Preposition: 27.0 30.3222958057 89% => OK
Nominalization: 1.0 5.01324503311 20% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1447.0 1373.03311258 105% => OK
No of words: 277.0 270.72406181 102% => OK
Chars per words: 5.2238267148 5.08290768461 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.07962216107 4.04702891845 101% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.47564476557 2.5805825403 96% => OK
Unique words: 152.0 145.348785872 105% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.548736462094 0.540411800872 102% => OK
syllable_count: 441.9 419.366225166 105% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 7.0 3.25607064018 215% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 9.0 8.23620309051 109% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 2.0 1.51434878587 132% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 16.0 13.0662251656 122% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 35.3915045421 49.2860985944 72% => OK
Chars per sentence: 90.4375 110.228320801 82% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.3125 21.698381199 80% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.5 7.06452816374 134% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 5.0 4.19205298013 119% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 2.0 4.33554083885 46% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 6.0 4.45695364238 135% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 8.0 4.27373068433 187% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.521297519539 0.272083759551 192% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.184995664455 0.0996497079465 186% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0985474589502 0.0662205650399 149% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.323234355904 0.162205337803 199% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0599229869658 0.0443174109184 135% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.8 13.3589403974 88% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 54.22 53.8541721854 101% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.9 11.0289183223 90% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.7 12.2367328918 104% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.64 8.42419426049 103% => OK
difficult_words: 73.0 63.6247240618 115% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 9.0 10.7273730684 84% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.2008830022 80% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 75.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 22.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.