According to the passage, it is the authors' conviction that Pterosaurs were not capable of powered flight owing to three highlighted reasons. However, the professor casts doubt on this claim and rejects all of the authors' points by providing some evidence which will be explained in the following paragraphs.
First, the passage asserts that Pterosaurs presumably were cold-blooded, hence, they could not provide enough energy for their flight which demanded a great amount of energy. In the opposition, the speaker states that recent discovery indicates that Pterosaurs had dense hair covering which is one of the warm-blooded features. Consequently, Pterosaurs were warm-blooded so their metabolism was fast enough to meet their energy for flight.
Second, the reading points out that Pterosaurs were heavy because they were large. Therefore, they could not flap their wings fast enough to remain in the sky. On the contrary, the lecturer alludes that they had hollow bones so their wight was low enough to be capable of flapping.
Third, the writer mentions that Pterosaurs did not have potent muscles in their back legs to help them to run or jump high enough to launch into the air like birds. As a result, they were not capable of powered flight. Conversely, the professor explains that Pterosaurs walk on four legs so they could use them to push themselves to launch into the air. She adds that they did not use their back legs like the birds.
In conclusion, the professor rebuts the authors' arguments against powered flight.
- TPO-28 - Integrated Writing Task Robert E. Peary was a well-known adventurer and arctic explorer who in 1909 set out to reach the North Pole. When he returned from the expedition, he claimed to have reached the pole on April 7, 1909. This report made him 73
- TPO-40 - Integrated Writing Task Many scientists believe it would be possible to maintain a permanent human presence on Mars or the Moon. On the other hand, conditions on Venus are so extreme and inhospitable that maintaining a human presence there would 3
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- TPO-43 - Independent Writing Task Imagine that you are in a classroom or a meeting. The teacher or the meeting leader says something incorrect In your opinion, which of the following is the best thing to do?-Interrupt and correct the mistake right away-Wa 60
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 37, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
According to the passage, it is the authors conviction that Pterosaurs were not cap...
Line 1, column 204, Rule ID: ALL_OF_THE
Message: Simply use 'all the'.
Suggestion: all the
...r casts doubt on this claim and rejects all of the authors points by providing some eviden...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, consequently, conversely, first, hence, however, second, so, therefore, third, in conclusion, as a result, on the contrary
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 5.04856512141 79% => OK
Conjunction : 2.0 7.30242825607 27% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 12.0 12.0772626932 99% => OK
Pronoun: 29.0 22.412803532 129% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 31.0 30.3222958057 102% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1289.0 1373.03311258 94% => OK
No of words: 251.0 270.72406181 93% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.13545816733 5.08290768461 101% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.98032404683 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.59765844551 2.5805825403 101% => OK
Unique words: 135.0 145.348785872 93% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.537848605578 0.540411800872 100% => OK
syllable_count: 371.7 419.366225166 89% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 3.25607064018 154% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.23620309051 97% => OK
Subordination: 1.0 1.25165562914 80% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 13.0 13.0662251656 99% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 21.2450331126 89% => OK
Sentence length SD: 40.4995434265 49.2860985944 82% => OK
Chars per sentence: 99.1538461538 110.228320801 90% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.3076923077 21.698381199 89% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.76923076923 7.06452816374 138% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.09492273731 122% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.27373068433 94% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.448951477803 0.272083759551 165% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.166144122555 0.0996497079465 167% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0864593440488 0.0662205650399 131% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.224199580682 0.162205337803 138% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0833346244049 0.0443174109184 188% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.4 13.3589403974 93% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 60.65 53.8541721854 113% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.5 11.0289183223 86% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 12.53 12.2367328918 102% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.85 8.42419426049 93% => OK
difficult_words: 52.0 63.6247240618 82% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 14.0 10.7273730684 131% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 10.498013245 91% => OK
text_standard: 10.0 11.2008830022 89% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.