Venus’ surface, and the planet’s atmosphere, made up mostly of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and sulfuric acid, contains hardly any oxygen or water vapor. Water and oxygen would therefore probably have to be supplied to Venus from Earth. The idea of ensuring a regular supply of water and oxygen from Earth is impractical in the extreme and would probably defeat the purpose of establishing a permanent station on Venus.
Third, very little sunlight reaches the planet’s surface. About 60 percent of the sunlight that hits Venus is reflected back into space by the thick clouds that fill the atmosphere, which means that only 40 percent of the sunlight can get through the clouds. Below these clouds is a dense layer of carbon dioxide, which blocks even more light, so very little light reaches the surface. The lack of light would prevent the use of solar power cells, so humans could not get electricity to power their machines and equipment.
The reading and the lecture are both about the possibility of a human presence on the Venus plant. The author of the reading feels that there are three main reasons that make living on Venus impossible. The lecturer challenges the claims made by the author. He is of the opinion that establishing a float station that locates 50 kilometers above the Venus surface will make the human presence on Venus possible.
To begin with, The author argues that the pressure on the Venus surface is very high and higher than the pressure on the Earth's surface. The article mentions that the pressure on Venus's surface will make living on it impossible. This specific argument is challenged by the lecturer. He claims that if the station locates 50 kilometers above Venus's surface then the pressure will be equal to the pressure on Earth's surface.
Secondly, the writer suggests that there are no water resources on Venus. In the article, it is said that only Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen, and sulfuric acid available on Venus. The lecturer, however, rebuts this by mentioning that in a float station, it would be possible to make Water and Oxygen from carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid gases. He elaborates on this by bringing up the point that if we generate water and oxygen on the station, then it would not be necessary to import them from the earth.
Finally, the author posits that little sunlight can reach Venus's surface. Moreover, in the article, it is stated that the dearth of sunlight will make generating electricity using the sun unachievable. In contrast, the lecture's position is that the clouds 50 kilometers above Venus's surface are not very thick and can reflect the sunlight. He notes that the station can use the reflected and incident sunlight to generate electricity and operate the equipment.
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- Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?In twenty years there will be fewer cars in use than there are today. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 70
- Starting in the 1960s and continuing until the 1980s, sailors in Russian submarines patrolling the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean would occasionally hear strange sounds. These underwater noises reminded the submarine crews of frog croaks, so they called 81
- Some people think that students in single-sex schools perform better academically.Others, however, believe that mixed schools provide children with better social skills for adultlife. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion 67
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 204, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...s that make living on Venus impossible. The lecturer challenges the claims made by ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, finally, however, if, moreover, second, secondly, so, then, in contrast, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 10.4613686534 124% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 9.0 5.04856512141 178% => OK
Conjunction : 9.0 7.30242825607 123% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 12.0772626932 124% => OK
Pronoun: 29.0 22.412803532 129% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 37.0 30.3222958057 122% => OK
Nominalization: 10.0 5.01324503311 199% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1506.0 1373.03311258 110% => OK
No of words: 304.0 270.72406181 112% => OK
Chars per words: 4.95394736842 5.08290768461 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.17559525986 4.04702891845 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.53123664115 2.5805825403 98% => OK
Unique words: 134.0 145.348785872 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.440789473684 0.540411800872 82% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 480.6 419.366225166 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 8.0 3.25607064018 246% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 9.0 8.23620309051 109% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 2.5761589404 155% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 16.0 13.0662251656 122% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 21.2450331126 89% => OK
Sentence length SD: 35.1316719642 49.2860985944 71% => OK
Chars per sentence: 94.125 110.228320801 85% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.0 21.698381199 88% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.6875 7.06452816374 81% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 1.0 4.33554083885 23% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 7.0 4.45695364238 157% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 8.0 4.27373068433 187% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.236052141084 0.272083759551 87% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0785827812806 0.0996497079465 79% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0793982356303 0.0662205650399 120% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.14633010443 0.162205337803 90% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.140270710183 0.0443174109184 317% => More connections among paragraphs wanted.
automated_readability_index: 11.4 13.3589403974 85% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 52.19 53.8541721854 97% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.7 11.0289183223 97% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.43 12.2367328918 93% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.27 8.42419426049 98% => OK
difficult_words: 71.0 63.6247240618 112% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 8.0 10.7273730684 75% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 10.498013245 91% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 71.6666666667 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.