The city council of Town X has proposed reducing the city’s electric expenses by switching all the lights in public buildings from incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The switch would be made gradually as the old incandescent bulbs burn

Essay topics:

The city council of Town X has proposed reducing the city’s electric expenses by switching all the lights in public buildings from incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The switch would be made gradually as the old incandescent bulbs burn out, and the city council reasons that since LED lights burn brighter and cost no more to purchase, the switch would help Town X save money on electrical costs in the future.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered to help evaluate the efficacy of the city council’s proposal to save money on electrical costs. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the council’s prediction.

The proposal states that all the incandescent bulbs in public buildings should be replaced by LED lights, resulting in lowering of electrical bills of town X in the future. This statement is supported by the council's claims that LED lights burn brighter and costs the same as incandescent lights. But, the city council fails to answers a series of important questions and thus leaves the statement weak.The city council needs to answer two questions before we can consider their statement credible.

First of all, are LED lights more efficient than incandescent lights? The city council states that LED lights will burn brighter than incandescent lights, but does not talk about LED's efficacy. For instance, it is possible that LED lights are highly inefficient and the cost of electricity per light bulb increases by 20%. This, in turn, will result in an increase of electricity bill rather than decreasing it. Moreover, it is possible that the a typical life of a LED light bulb is less as compared to the life of a typical incandescent bulb. So, even if an LED light results in reduction of electricity bill, that reduction will be compensated by the expense of changing the light bulb more frequently than an incandescent light bulb. As a result, without stating the efficacy of LED lights, we cannot conclude that these lights will help in cutting the town's electricity bill and therefore weakens the statement.

Secondly, why only focus on the public buildings of the town? Usually, the public buildings in a city are very less as compared to houses and other private buildings, and so have a meager contribution in the town's total electricity bill. For instance, consider a town with 100 houses and only 3 public buildings - library, town hall and a police station. Changing the light bulbs in such a small percentage of buildings will not result in any significant reduction in the electricity bill. Due to the city council only addressing the public buildings, the reduction in the bill will not be that significant and as a result the the council's advice will not be that effective.

In conclusion, due to the above mentioned unanswered questions, the statement is based on some unjustified assumptions that needs to be answered. As of now, the statement remains highly flawed. If the city council can answer the questions asked in the form of a detailed report, their proposal will hold water.

Votes
Average: 5 (3 votes)
Essay Categories
Essays by the user:

Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 329, Rule ID: TO_NON_BASE[1]
Message: The verb after "to" should be in the base form: 'answer'.
Suggestion: answer
... lights. But, the city council fails to answers a series of important questions and thu...
^^^^^^^
Line 1, column 404, Rule ID: SENTENCE_WHITESPACE
Message: Add a space between sentences
Suggestion: The
...ions and thus leaves the statement weak.The city council needs to answer two questi...
^^^
Line 3, column 443, Rule ID: DT_DT[1]
Message: Maybe you need to remove one determiner so that only 'the' or 'a' is left.
Suggestion: the; a
...asing it. Moreover, it is possible that the a typical life of a LED light bulb is les...
^^^^^
Line 3, column 490, Rule ID: COMP_THAN[1]
Message: Comparison requires 'than', not 'then' nor 'as'.
Suggestion: than
...ypical life of a LED light bulb is less as compared to the life of a typical incan...
^^
Line 3, column 571, Rule ID: A_PLURAL[2]
Message: Don't use indefinite articles with plural words. Did you mean 'result'?
Suggestion: result
...ndescent bulb. So, even if an LED light results in reduction of electricity bill, that ...
^^^^^^^
Line 3, column 858, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'towns'' or 'town's'?
Suggestion: towns'; town's
...t these lights will help in cutting the towns electricity bill and therefore weakens ...
^^^^^
Line 5, column 117, Rule ID: COMP_THAN[1]
Message: Comparison requires 'than', not 'then' nor 'as'.
Suggestion: than
...ublic buildings in a city are very less as compared to houses and other private bu...
^^
Line 5, column 624, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
Suggestion: the
...not be that significant and as a result the the councils advice will not be that effect...
^^^^^^^
Line 5, column 624, Rule ID: DT_DT[1]
Message: Maybe you need to remove one determiner so that only 'the' or 'the' is left.
Suggestion: the; the
...not be that significant and as a result the the councils advice will not be that effect...
^^^^^^^
Line 5, column 632, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE[1]
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'councils'' or 'council's'?
Suggestion: councils'; council's
...hat significant and as a result the the councils advice will not be that effective. In...
^^^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, if, moreover, second, secondly, so, therefore, thus, for instance, in conclusion, as a result, first of all

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 13.0 19.6327345309 66% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 12.0 12.9520958084 93% => OK
Conjunction : 10.0 11.1786427146 89% => OK
Relative clauses : 10.0 13.6137724551 73% => More relative clauses wanted.
Pronoun: 19.0 28.8173652695 66% => OK
Preposition: 48.0 55.5748502994 86% => OK
Nominalization: 14.0 16.3942115768 85% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2010.0 2260.96107784 89% => OK
No of words: 403.0 441.139720559 91% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.98759305211 5.12650576532 97% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.48049772903 4.56307096286 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.79267162453 2.78398813304 100% => OK
Unique words: 180.0 204.123752495 88% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.446650124069 0.468620217663 95% => OK
syllable_count: 600.3 705.55239521 85% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 4.96107784431 121% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.76447105788 91% => OK
Subordination: 4.0 2.70958083832 148% => OK
Conjunction: 2.0 1.67365269461 119% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 4.22255489022 71% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 18.0 19.7664670659 91% => OK
Sentence length: 22.0 22.8473053892 96% => OK
Sentence length SD: 44.509951724 57.8364921388 77% => OK
Chars per sentence: 111.666666667 119.503703932 93% => OK
Words per sentence: 22.3888888889 23.324526521 96% => OK
Discourse Markers: 6.61111111111 5.70786347227 116% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 5.15768463074 78% => More paragraphs wanted.
Language errors: 10.0 5.25449101796 190% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 6.88822355289 58% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 9.0 4.67664670659 192% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.404882390597 0.218282227539 185% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.142396371184 0.0743258471296 192% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0853429212332 0.0701772020484 122% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.237111841592 0.128457276422 185% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.1056179009 0.0628817314937 168% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 13.3 14.3799401198 92% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 57.61 48.3550499002 119% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.7 12.197005988 88% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.96 12.5979740519 95% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.71 8.32208582834 93% => OK
difficult_words: 76.0 98.500998004 77% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 11.0 12.3882235529 89% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.8 11.1389221557 97% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.9071856287 92% => OK
What are above readability scores?

---------------------

Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
---------------------
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.0 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 18 15
No. of Words: 404 350
No. of Characters: 1960 1500
No. of Different Words: 170 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.483 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.851 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.736 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 143 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 101 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 82 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 57 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 22.444 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 7.515 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.722 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.348 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.553 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.153 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 4 5