A recent study by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention found that employees with paid sick leave are 28 percent less likely to be involved in a work-related accident than employees who do not receive payment for sick leave. Researchers hypothesize that employees with unpaid sick leave feel pressured to work during time of illness for fear of lack of pay. On-the-job accidents are then spurred by impaired judgment or motor skills due to illness or illness-related medications. The highest-risk occupations, such as construction, showed the highest discrepancy between paid and unpaid leave.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to determine whether the researchers’ hypothesis is reasonable. Be sure to explain what effects the answers to these questions would have on the validity of the hypothesis.
According to the argument presented, a researcher claims that employees who are not provided with sick leaves are more likely to be involved in a work-related accident. This is supported by claims like the people often feel pressured to work even if they are ill because of the fear of lack of pay, working when you are sick leads to impaired judgement and/or motor skills which increases the chances of an accident. It is also stated that this rate is even more higher in jobs like construction. Some of these assumptions are unjustified and needs to be addressed if the author wants that his hypothesis to hold water.
First of all, the study by Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that employees that are provided with sick leaves are 28% less likely to face any work-related problems than the ones who aren't provided with paid leaves. Is it possible that there is a huge difference in the accident rate in different jobs? For this claim to be justified in all fields of work, we need statistics for specific fields. For instance, it is possible that in fields like Teaching, accident rate is almost negligible and on the other hand, accident rate in high-risk jobs like construction is around 50%. This discrepancy in various fields can skew our judgements and result in an overall inflated results. We need a proper breakdown of the statistics for various different fields before considering it to be a valuable argument. Therefore, this weakens the argument.
Further, does the hypothesis consider the condition of the employee? It is claimed that due to illness accidents are increased due to impaired judgement and motor skills. But that happens only when the person is seriously ill. What if the person only has cold? It is not going to impair his judgements and motor skills severely in a way that it leads to an accident. The cold may make him less efficient, but it will not lead to any significant accident. If this question cannot be answered, the hypothesis will not be that effective.
Finally, does the research take into considerations other factors that may lead to accidents? The above statement says that the rate of accidents is even higher in case of high risk jobs when it comes to non paid workers. But the statement does not consider other factors that may be really important for the proper analysis of the issue. It is possible that the non paid worker wasn't working with in an attentive manner and was negligent while working. Also, a possible cause of accident can be in ineptness of the non-paid worker. This underlying assumption that hasn't been answered by the researcher makes the hypothesis seriously flawed.
The hypothesis as it stands now, is full of unjustified assumptions. If the researcher is able to answer the above asked questions in the form of a detailed report and provide more evidences for the claim, the hypothesis may be tenable
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Essay evaluations by e-grader
Essay evaluation report
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 25 15
No. of Words: 498 350
No. of Characters: 2353 1500
No. of Different Words: 225 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.724 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.725 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.652 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 163 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 123 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 101 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 63 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 19.92 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.935 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.56 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.261 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.467 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.077 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 459, Rule ID: MOST_COMPARATIVE
Message: Use only 'higher' (without 'more') when you use the comparative.
...t is also stated that this rate is even more higher in jobs like construction. Some of thes...
Line 3, column 199, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...work-related problems than the ones who arent provided with paid leaves. Is it possib...
Line 3, column 688, Rule ID: A_PLURAL
Message: Don't use indefinite articles with plural words. Did you mean 'result'?
...ments and result in an overall inflated results. We need a proper breakdown of the stat...
Line 7, column 380, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...It is possible that the non paid worker wasnt working with in an attentive manner and...
Line 7, column 399, Rule ID: IN_A_X_MANNER
Message: Consider replacing "in an attentive manner" with adverb for "attentive"; eg, "in a hasty manner" with "hastily".
... the non paid worker wasnt working with in an attentive manner and was negligent while working. Also, ...
Line 7, column 566, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...worker. This underlying assumption that hasnt been answered by the researcher makes t...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, finally, first, if, may, really, so, therefore, while, for instance, first of all, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 34.0 19.6327345309 173% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 11.0 12.9520958084 85% => OK
Conjunction : 13.0 11.1786427146 116% => OK
Relative clauses : 22.0 13.6137724551 162% => OK
Pronoun: 43.0 28.8173652695 149% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 65.0 55.5748502994 117% => OK
Nominalization: 15.0 16.3942115768 91% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2408.0 2260.96107784 107% => OK
No of words: 494.0 441.139720559 112% => OK
Chars per words: 4.87449392713 5.12650576532 95% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.71445763274 4.56307096286 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.7073580126 2.78398813304 97% => OK
Unique words: 233.0 204.123752495 114% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.471659919028 0.468620217663 101% => OK
syllable_count: 744.3 705.55239521 105% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 11.0 4.96107784431 222% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 8.0 8.76447105788 91% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 2.70958083832 74% => OK
Conjunction: 3.0 1.67365269461 179% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 4.22255489022 24% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 26.0 19.7664670659 132% => OK
Sentence length: 19.0 22.8473053892 83% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 51.1293174274 57.8364921388 88% => OK
Chars per sentence: 92.6153846154 119.503703932 78% => OK
Words per sentence: 19.0 23.324526521 81% => OK
Discourse Markers: 4.26923076923 5.70786347227 75% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 6.0 5.25449101796 114% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 8.20758483034 61% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 14.0 6.88822355289 203% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 7.0 4.67664670659 150% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.302725991615 0.218282227539 139% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0717019731683 0.0743258471296 96% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.101142900204 0.0701772020484 144% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.152713128185 0.128457276422 119% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0946911890467 0.0628817314937 151% => OK
automated_readability_index: 11.0 14.3799401198 76% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 60.65 48.3550499002 125% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.5 12.197005988 78% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 10.97 12.5979740519 87% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.74 8.32208582834 93% => OK
difficult_words: 99.0 98.500998004 101% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 13.0 12.3882235529 105% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.6 11.1389221557 86% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.9071856287 92% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.