The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.
"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town — Adams Realty and Fitch Realty — Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted
The argument appearing in the letter from a homeowner suggests that Adams Realty provides better real estate service than Fitch Realty. However, the reasons used to support this are not persuasive enough to warrant that Adams Realty is superior. The argument is based on several assumptions that render the conclusion not cogent enough to warrant that Fitch Realty does not provide better service in the town.
Firstly, the argument assumes that the real estate market ten years ago is similar to the past year’s market conditions. It could be probable that the complete market ten years ago was struggling to survive due to poor economical conditions in the town. Thus, there were no customers interested to invest in real estate. Additionally, it could be possible that ten years ago there were only a few people in the town and thus customers to purchase homes were scarce. If either of these scenarios turns out to be true, then the argument does not hold water.
Secondly, the argument states that there are a lower number of agents in Fitch as compared to Adams Realty. This does not necessarily mean that the service provided by Fitch would be worse than Adams, even though some of the agents in Fitch work part time. Instead, the employees at Fitch could be more qualified than Adams Realty estate. It could be probable that Fitch hires only the most competent people in for its office in contrast to Adams. If this turns out to be true, then the assumption that more employees in an office are tantamount to providing the best services in the town falls apart.
Thirdly, the argument relies on the assumption that the agency generating the highest earnings is the best one in town. However, a reasonable criterion to assess this would be to take into consideration the totality of factors that dictate a fair judgment of a real estate’s service. Judging an office only by looking at the profits will probably not give a clear picture of whether an agency is good or not. Thus, more comprehensive data that takes into account other factors is required.
Since the argument relies on several assumptions, it is not safe to conclude that Adams Realty is the best real estate agency in the town. If the above discussed assumptions are responded with satisfactory explanations, then the argument may hold validity and safely purport that Adams Realty provides better service than Fitch Realty.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 2, column 219, Rule ID: ECONOMICAL_ECONOMIC
Message: Did you mean 'economic' (=connected with economy)?
...o was struggling to survive due to poor economical conditions in the town. Thus, there wer...
Line 3, column 213, Rule ID: SOME_OF_THE
Message: Simply use 'some'.
... would be worse than Adams, even though some of the agents in Fitch work part time. Instead...
Line 3, column 246, Rule ID: EN_COMPOUNDS
Message: This word is normally spelled with hyphen.
...though some of the agents in Fitch work part time. Instead, the employees at Fitch could ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
first, firstly, however, if, look, may, second, secondly, so, then, third, thirdly, thus, in contrast, in contrast to
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 24.0 19.6327345309 122% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 8.0 12.9520958084 62% => OK
Conjunction : 3.0 11.1786427146 27% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 16.0 13.6137724551 118% => OK
Pronoun: 26.0 28.8173652695 90% => OK
Preposition: 51.0 55.5748502994 92% => OK
Nominalization: 12.0 16.3942115768 73% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2002.0 2260.96107784 89% => OK
No of words: 406.0 441.139720559 92% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 4.93103448276 5.12650576532 96% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.48881294772 4.56307096286 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.52204240761 2.78398813304 91% => OK
Unique words: 188.0 204.123752495 92% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.463054187192 0.468620217663 99% => OK
syllable_count: 629.1 705.55239521 89% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.59920159681 94% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 5.0 4.96107784431 101% => OK
Article: 8.0 8.76447105788 91% => OK
Subordination: 5.0 2.70958083832 185% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 1.0 4.22255489022 24% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 19.0 19.7664670659 96% => OK
Sentence length: 21.0 22.8473053892 92% => OK
Sentence length SD: 32.2238534521 57.8364921388 56% => The essay contains lots of sentences with the similar length. More sentence varieties wanted.
Chars per sentence: 105.368421053 119.503703932 88% => OK
Words per sentence: 21.3684210526 23.324526521 92% => OK
Discourse Markers: 6.15789473684 5.70786347227 108% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 5.25449101796 57% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 12.0 8.20758483034 146% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 5.0 6.88822355289 73% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 2.0 4.67664670659 43% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.308959142705 0.218282227539 142% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.103696006852 0.0743258471296 140% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.101497121303 0.0701772020484 145% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.187423690413 0.128457276422 146% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.112027840318 0.0628817314937 178% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.5 14.3799401198 87% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 58.62 48.3550499002 121% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 7.1628742515 43% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 10.3 12.197005988 84% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 11.31 12.5979740519 90% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.26 8.32208582834 99% => OK
difficult_words: 92.0 98.500998004 93% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 9.0 12.3882235529 73% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.4 11.1389221557 93% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.9071856287 92% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 4.0 out of 6
Category: Good Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 19 15
No. of Words: 406 350
No. of Characters: 1955 1500
No. of Different Words: 182 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.489 4.7
Average Word Length: 4.815 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.448 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 141 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 95 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 64 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 34 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 21.368 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 5.304 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.632 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.345 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.345 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.111 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 1 5