The following appeared in a letter to the school board in the town of Centerville.
"All students should be required to take the driver's education course at Centerville High School. In the past two years several accidents in and around Centerville have involved teenage drivers. Since a number of parents in Centerville have complained that they are too busy to teach their teenagers to drive, some other instruction is necessary to ensure that these teenagers are safe drivers. Although there are two driving schools in Centerville, parents on a tight budget cannot afford to pay for driving instruction. Therefore an effective and mandatory program sponsored by the high school is the only solution to this serious problem."
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on on the unwarranted assumption that in the past two years teenage drivers have been vicitm of several accidents, rendering its main conclusion (that students should be required to take driver's exercise at Centerville High School), invalid. The author fails to mention several key factors on the basis of which it could be evaluated. Hence, the argument is considered unsubtantiated and incomplete.
First of all, the argument readily assumes that teenage driver have been involved in SEVERAL accidents in and around the town of Centreville. This is merely an assumption that is made without a solid ground. For instance, what's the exact number of accidents that have happened in Centerville and how many were caused by teenage drivers? Are the accidents caused by teenage drivers who reside in the town or outside the town? Hence, the argument would have been much more convincing if it explicitly provide evidences that tell the number/percenatage of teenage drivers from Centerville that were enagaged in accidents.
The argument readily claims that the some parents complained that they are too busy to give their children drivers' education. This is again a weak and unsupported claim. The exact number or percentage of the parents that complained is needed to show the reliabilty of the author's claim. Even if the complaints fully represent the whole parents, there is no evidence to show they are not teaching their children. If the argument had provided these evidences, then it would have been a lot more convincing to the reader.
Finally, the author assumes again that enrolling teenage drivers in driving school would reduce the accident rate in Centerville. This also is an unwarranted claim. What if the teenagers involved in accidents in and around the town have actually received proper education but need to work on their driving mindset? The author has to provide information that lack of driving lesson is the cause of accidents that involved teenage drivers.
All in all, the author's claim is incomplete. To strengthen the argument, the author has to provide aforementioned information additionally. Without further proper evidence, the author's assertion includes a lot of logical flaws.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 89, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
...asons. Primarily, the argument is based on on the unwarranted assumption that in the ...
Line 3, column 223, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...e without a solid ground. For instance, whats the exact number of accidents that have...
Line 3, column 500, Rule ID: IT_VBZ
Message: Did you mean 'provides'?
...n much more convincing if it explicitly provide evidences that tell the number/percenat...
Line 3, column 620, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...rville that were enagaged in accidents. The argument readily claims that the som...
Line 5, column 38, Rule ID: THE_SOME_DAY
Message: Did you mean 'same'?
... The argument readily claims that the some parents complained that they are too bu...
Line 9, column 178, Rule ID: POSSESIVE_APOSTROPHE
Message: Possible typo: apostrophe is missing. Did you mean 'authors'' or 'author's'?
Suggestion: authors'; author's
...y. Without further proper evidence, the authors assertion includes a lot of logical fla...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
actually, also, but, finally, first, hence, if, so, then, as to, for instance, in conclusion, first of all
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 22.0 19.6327345309 112% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 6.0 12.9520958084 46% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 11.1786427146 72% => OK
Relative clauses : 15.0 13.6137724551 110% => OK
Pronoun: 26.0 28.8173652695 90% => OK
Preposition: 46.0 55.5748502994 83% => OK
Nominalization: 19.0 16.3942115768 116% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1940.0 2260.96107784 86% => OK
No of words: 366.0 441.139720559 83% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.30054644809 5.12650576532 103% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.37391431897 4.56307096286 96% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.85527884406 2.78398813304 103% => OK
Unique words: 181.0 204.123752495 89% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.494535519126 0.468620217663 106% => OK
syllable_count: 607.5 705.55239521 86% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.7 1.59920159681 106% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 4.96107784431 60% => OK
Article: 13.0 8.76447105788 148% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 2.70958083832 74% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.67365269461 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 4.22255489022 47% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 21.0 19.7664670659 106% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 22.8473053892 74% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 53.6181172211 57.8364921388 93% => OK
Chars per sentence: 92.380952381 119.503703932 77% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.4285714286 23.324526521 75% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.04761904762 5.70786347227 88% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 6.0 5.25449101796 114% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 1.0 8.20758483034 12% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 17.0 6.88822355289 247% => Less negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.67664670659 64% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.226626770153 0.218282227539 104% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0587460146887 0.0743258471296 79% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.084521063799 0.0701772020484 120% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.121157445906 0.128457276422 94% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.104839215204 0.0628817314937 167% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.2 14.3799401198 85% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 45.76 48.3550499002 95% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.1 12.197005988 91% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.16 12.5979740519 104% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.15 8.32208582834 98% => OK
difficult_words: 85.0 98.500998004 86% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.5 12.3882235529 93% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 11.1389221557 79% => OK
text_standard: 9.0 11.9071856287 76% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 50.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 3.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.
Sentence: Primarily, the argument is based on on the unwarranted assumption that in the past two years teenage drivers have been vicitm of several accidents, rendering its main conclusion that students should be required to take driver's exercise at Centerville High School, invalid.
Error: vicitm Suggestion: victim
Error: unwarranted Suggestion: No alternate word
Sentence: Hence, the argument is considered unsubtantiated and incomplete.
Error: unsubtantiated Suggestion: unsubstantiated
Sentence: Hence, the argument would have been much more convincing if it explicitly provide evidences that tell the number/percenatage of teenage drivers from Centerville that were enagaged in accidents.
Error: enagaged Suggestion: engaged
Error: percenatage Suggestion: percentage
Sentence: The exact number or percentage of the parents that complained is needed to show the reliabilty of the author's claim.
Error: reliabilty Suggestion: reliability
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 7 2
No. of Sentences: 21 15
No. of Words: 367 350
No. of Characters: 1894 1500
No. of Different Words: 176 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.377 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.161 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.712 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 149 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 121 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 80 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 48 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 17.476 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.29 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.429 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.31 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.532 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.072 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5