The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of KNOW radio station."Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fif

The author claims here that since the KNOW radio station is not as successful as before, changing this radio station’s goal from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will improve the radio station condition. In support of this argument, the author reasons that decreasing the number of listeners and also the sales of rock-and-roll music besides prosperities of news stations are enough to justify this change. Stated in this way, the argument fails to mention several key factors, on the basis of which it could be evaluated.

First of all, the argument readily assumes that the number of listeners of this radio station has decreased, and also most of the listeners are beyond fifty years of age. This assumption is made without much solid ground. To illustrate further, this argument does not provide any information about how such a result could obtain. It is not clear how the number of listeners is measured. Even there is no exact information about the way of measuring the age of listeners. There is a possibility that in a specific time like the schools’ exams period, this measurement has done. Therefore, young individuals were involved in their courses and consequently could not participate in this radio measurement efficiently. Hence, the argument would have been more convincing if it explicitly stated that in which circumstances the results have been provided.

The author also points out that based on the area report, the amount of sales is reduced. This case, again, is a weak and unsupported claim as it does not provide any information about the specific features of the report and its conditions. It is likely that the participants, whom the report is made based on their opinions, were not interested in rock-and-roll music, and so, they had biased toward this kind of music. Also, it is not clear what is the portion of the KNOW radio station in this reduction of sales. It is possible that the reduction was only related to other similar radio stations, and the KNOW’s programs have their adherents. If the argument had provided evidence of the distribution of every radio station like KNOW in the sales’ reduction and also the exact condition about the participants in the report, then it would have been a lot more convincing for the reader.

Finally, the author cites that since neighboring news stations have reached success, it is reasonable for KNOW to switch from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news. However, careful investigating of the evidence reveals that it provides little credible support for the author’s conclusion in several critical aspects. For example, there may be many special conditions in those stations, including having a good relationship with higher officials, which can be beneficial for providing extra funds and supports that lead these stations to success. Also, people in these stations’ areas may be more interested in news than other programs, so changing KNOW from rock-and-roll music may not be rational. Even it is likely that by changing KNOW programs to news, this radio station programs not have the quality same as other news stations. Hence, they may lose their listeners. If either of these scenarios has merit, then the conclusion drawn in the original argument is significantly weakened.

In conclusion, because the argument makes several unwarranted assumptions, it fails to make a convincing case that the KNOW radio station will definitely reach a better condition by switching from rock-and-roll music to a 24-hour news program.

Average: 5.5 (3 votes)
Essay Categories
Essays by the user:

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 35, Rule ID: A_INFINITVE[1]
Message: Probably a wrong construction: a/the + infinitive
The author claims here that since the KNOW radio station is not as successful as b...
Line 5, column 467, Rule ID: A_INFINITVE[1]
Message: Probably a wrong construction: a/the + infinitive
... it is not clear what is the portion of the KNOW radio station in this reduction of sale...
Line 9, column 116, Rule ID: A_INFINITVE[1]
Message: Probably a wrong construction: a/the + infinitive fails to make a convincing case that the KNOW radio station will definitely reach a b...

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, besides, but, consequently, finally, first, hence, however, if, may, so, then, therefore, for example, in conclusion, kind of, first of all

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 29.0 19.6327345309 148% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 12.0 12.9520958084 93% => OK
Conjunction : 15.0 11.1786427146 134% => OK
Relative clauses : 17.0 13.6137724551 125% => OK
Pronoun: 49.0 28.8173652695 170% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 73.0 55.5748502994 131% => OK
Nominalization: 33.0 16.3942115768 201% => Less nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 2977.0 2260.96107784 132% => OK
No of words: 571.0 441.139720559 129% => OK
Chars per words: 5.21366024518 5.12650576532 102% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.88831323574 4.56307096286 107% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.90127161011 2.78398813304 104% => OK
Unique words: 257.0 204.123752495 126% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.450087565674 0.468620217663 96% => OK
syllable_count: 911.7 705.55239521 129% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.59920159681 100% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 13.0 4.96107784431 262% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 8.0 8.76447105788 91% => OK
Subordination: 3.0 2.70958083832 111% => OK
Conjunction: 3.0 1.67365269461 179% => OK
Preposition: 4.0 4.22255489022 95% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 25.0 19.7664670659 126% => OK
Sentence length: 22.0 22.8473053892 96% => OK
Sentence length SD: 56.3421831313 57.8364921388 97% => OK
Chars per sentence: 119.08 119.503703932 100% => OK
Words per sentence: 22.84 23.324526521 98% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.8 5.70786347227 102% => OK
Paragraphs: 5.0 5.15768463074 97% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 5.25449101796 57% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 11.0 8.20758483034 134% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 11.0 6.88822355289 160% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 3.0 4.67664670659 64% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.313565594013 0.218282227539 144% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0903124216748 0.0743258471296 122% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0858998212233 0.0701772020484 122% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.20152254242 0.128457276422 157% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0619790217402 0.0628817314937 99% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 14.5 14.3799401198 101% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 49.15 48.3550499002 102% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 7.1628742515 123% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.9 12.197005988 98% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.23 12.5979740519 105% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 8.29 8.32208582834 100% => OK
difficult_words: 129.0 98.500998004 131% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 13.5 12.3882235529 109% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.8 11.1389221557 97% => OK
text_standard: 14.0 11.9071856287 118% => OK
What are above readability scores?


Rates: 66.67 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 4.0 Out of 6
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: 3.5 out of 6
Category: Satisfactory Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 25 15
No. of Words: 571 350
No. of Characters: 2870 1500
No. of Different Words: 243 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.888 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.026 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.724 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 194 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 157 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 110 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 69 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 22.84 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.748 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.6 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.294 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.473 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.062 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5