The following recommendation was made by the president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, to the college's governing committee.
"We recommend that Grove College preserve its centuryold tradition of allfemale education rather than admit men into its programs. It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Keeping the college all female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially ."
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.
The President and administrative staff make the recommendation to preserve the tradition of all-female education rather than admit men. They support their recommendation with the help of surveys among the students and alumni . It further goes on to predict that all female college will improve the morale among students and convince alumni to support college financially. However the argument suffers from flaws and there is need to answer a number of questions before the recommendation is considered sound.
Firstly, there is question of sample size of the surveys that have been conducted, whether it is large enough. It may be that 80% may not be a big number if survey includes responses of only 100 students among 1000 students. This means only 80 students are against the change among 1000. It may be similar situation even regarding the survey conducted among the alumni. As more than half may mean only six among 10 alumni respondents as rest are too busy to respond, while the alumni size runs in thousands. Without data regarding the sample sizes it is very difficult to conclude that the students and alumni are really against the change. This may make the recommendation feeble.
Secondly, there is a question of whether keeping the college all female will actually improve the morale among the students. It may be possible that keeping the college all-female may not actually increase the morale of the students and in all probability will remain constant.On the contrary the morale of students may actually increase because of change if the survey findings are proved to be wrong. Without any evidence in support of the claim it is difficult to justify the recommendation made on basis of such a claim and in fact makes it suspect.
Finally, there is question of whether turning college into coeducation one will dissuade the alumni to support them financially. May be they would still continue to support the college despite the change. There is no evidence presented to support the claim. Moreover, it may be entirely possible that because of increased number of applications because of the change, it will actually result in increased intake and further improve the financial conditions of the college. In such a case the college may not actually require the financial support of alumni in the future. Without adequate information regarding the prospective changes in financial situation in the college and the motivations of alumni to support the college in light of the change, the recommendation appears dubious at best.
In conclusion, there is need for adequate information for answering the questions that arise out of the premises of the recommendation. Unless the information regarding actual sample size of surveys, motivation of alumni regarding continuing financial support and information regarding the future morale of students, the argument is suspect at best.
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argument 1 -- not OK. In GRE/GMAT, we have to accept all data or evidence are true. It is important to find out loopholes behind surveys or studies. It only includes '80 percent of the students responding to a survey', but how are those incoming students? maybe they have different ideas.
argument 2 -- not exactly. what is the causation between Keeping the college all female and morale.
argument 3 -- not OK. 'and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation', maybe those support college financially are not those 'half of the alumnae'.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: ? out of 6
Category: Poor Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 22 15
No. of Words: 468 350
No. of Characters: 2386 1500
No. of Different Words: 184 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.651 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.098 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.786 2.4
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No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 151 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 95 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 54 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
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Sentence Length SD: 9.026 7.5
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Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.351 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.546 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.123 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5