The following recommendation was made by the president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, to the college's governing committee.
"We recommend that Grove College preserve its centuryold tradition of allfemale education rather than admit men into its programs. It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Keeping the college all female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially ."
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.
A recommendation is made for keeping the college all female with the help of two surveys as evidence and prediction that it will improve the morale among students and convince alumni to keep financially supporting the college. However, there are a number of questions which arise from its premises that need to be properly answered to ensure that recommendation is indeed sound.
Firstly, there is the question of of whether the surveys that have been used in argument clearly strengthen the conclusion. It is mentioned in the argument that 80 percent of students responding to survey wanted the school to remain all female. There are no numbers underlying the percentage. It may be possible that only 100 of 1000 students in the college responded and this means only 80 students are against the co-education. This is an extremely insignificant number to make any valid conclusions. Similarly, it might be possible that 10 members of 5000 strong alumni have responded to survey. This makes more than half of 10, a insignificant number to make any strong conclusions.
Secondly, there is question of whether the prediction made of improved morale of students due to retaining old-tradition holds true. The author seems to have made a quantum leap of faith to conclude that increased morale will be caused by retaining all female system, without providing any evidence to buttress it. It may be that the morale may most likely remain constant despite the decision being either favourable or unfavourable. This weakens the conclusion and the subsequent recommendation made. There is need to conduct a survey to substantiate the claims made so the recommendation holds good.
Finally, there is question of whether alumni supporting the college is dependent on the decision made to retain the old system. There is no evidence presented regarding what is the number of alumni who actually supported in the past and the actual opinions of those who contributed previously regarding the changes proposed. This weakens the argument. Furthermore, there is question of whether financial support provided by the alumni is significant enough to be considered as a factor to influence the decisions made in the college. May the amount is already paltry and can be overcome through alternative means of raising resources through increased applications due to proposed change. There is no evidence to substantiate its importance for decision making.
In conclusion, there is need for additional information to answer the questions that arise from the argument . Without answers to them, the argument and the recommendation made rest on tenuous grounds and are highly suspect.
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argument 1 -- not OK. It is easy to prove this argument is wrong: You can apply same argument to another essay without changing any words if the essay has surveys in percentages.
argument 2 -- OK
argument 3 -- not OK. It is off the topic.
Attribute Value Ideal
Final score: ? out of 6
Category: ? Excellent
No. of Grammatical Errors: 0 2
No. of Spelling Errors: 0 2
No. of Sentences: 22 15
No. of Words: 426 350
No. of Characters: 2197 1500
No. of Different Words: 196 200
Fourth Root of Number of Words: 4.543 4.7
Average Word Length: 5.157 4.6
Word Length SD: 2.929 2.4
No. of Words greater than 5 chars: 179 100
No. of Words greater than 6 chars: 135 80
No. of Words greater than 7 chars: 97 40
No. of Words greater than 8 chars: 59 20
Use of Passive Voice (%): 0 0
Avg. Sentence Length: 19.364 21.0
Sentence Length SD: 8.054 7.5
Use of Discourse Markers (%): 0.545 0.12
Sentence-Text Coherence: 0.289 0.35
Sentence-Para Coherence: 0.494 0.50
Sentence-Sentence Coherence: 0.044 0.07
Number of Paragraphs: 5 5
I think the 1st argument is exactly what the ets wants when numbers and percentages are given. It is clearly stated in ETS verbal guide page no. 239/295. regarding use of numbers and percentages.
Yes, same argument can be repeated for any essay that does not prove that argument is not ok. Kindly correct this misconception.
Well, we have different opinions about this argument. We believe people in ETS are not going to design an easy question for us.
It may be possible that only 100 of 1000 students in the college responded and this means only 80 students are against the co-education. This is an extremely insignificant number to make any valid conclusions.
now we suppose:
All students (1000 students) in the college responded to the survey, and 800 students are against the co-education. Is this a significant number to make the conclusions valid?
or we suppose even more:
All students (1000 students) in the college responded to the survey, and 1000 students are all against the co-education. Is this a significant number to make the conclusions valid?
from here we can figure out that it is not related to numbers or percentages. People in ETS used the 'percentages' to lead us to a wrong way. There are no differences for 80%, 90% or 100%.
There are two flaws for this argument:
1. Suppose all students in the college took the survey as we discussed above, however, the survey didn't take consideration of incoming students;
2. Suppose only part of students in the college took the survey, then the flaw lies in the 'students' not 'percentage'. Are those 'students' 'first year students' or 'second year students'? or PHD students? or mixed like: 20% 'first year students'? 10% PHD students? etc. since students may change their ideas about co-education. for example, in the first year, they may be against co-education, while in the last year, they may support.