as people in cities are becoming richer,more of them can afford to buy cars. in consequence,city centres are becomming more congested and poluted all over the world.what are the main causes of this problem and what are the solutions?

Essay topics: as people in cities are becoming richer,more of them can afford to buy cars. in consequence,city centres are becomming more congested and poluted all over the world.what are the main causes of this problem and what are the solutions?

kaveh1356's picture

traffic congestion is a growing problem in cities throughout the world.most cities were planned when people used horses and carts,walked or rode bicycles.as a result,the streets are too narrow to take today's traffic.

in addition to this,there is not enough off-street parking in the city;therefore drivers leave their cars on the side of the road,making the space even narrower.people may be reluctant to use public transport because it is inconvenient,too expensive or not available for the jurney they want to make.cars are also major status symbols,meaning that more and more people want to own one.

now that traffic congestion has become such a problem,governments and local councils are desperately seeking solutions.in view of the fact that the number of car drivers has increesed,the obvious solution is to build more roads,but this is unpopular

owing to its effect on the countryside.inside cities,one-way systems can be introduced at little cost.thus, the the traffic flow can be eased.some cities now make drivers pay to enter the city centre, so that they are encouraged to live their cars at home.Another scheme is 'park and ride'in number of cars inwhich people have theircars outside the city and take a bus to the central district, therebyreducing the number of cars in the city centre.

overall,it is clear that urgent action needs to be taken,since traffic congestion leads to pollution and frustration.Reliable, cheap and convenient public transport must be the answer.

Votes: 
Average: 5.6 (1 vote)
More essays by this user:

Pages

Comments

Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Traffic
traffic congestion is a growing problem in citi...
^^^^^^^
Line 1, column 130, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , walked
...lanned when people used horses and carts,walked or rode bicycles.as a result,the street...
^^^^^^^
Line 1, column 166, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , the
...arts,walked or rode bicycles.as a result,the streets are too narrow to take todays t...
^^^^
Line 3, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: In
...re too narrow to take todays traffic. in addition to this,there is not enough of...
^^
Line 3, column 20, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , there
...ke todays traffic. in addition to this,there is not enough off-street parking in the...
^^^^^^
Line 3, column 130, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , making
...leave their cars on the side of the road,making the space even narrower.people may be r...
^^^^^^^
Line 3, column 236, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , too
...lic transport because it is inconvenient,too expensive or not available for the jurn...
^^^^
Line 3, column 335, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , meaning
... make.cars are also major status symbols,meaning that more and more people want to own o...
^^^^^^^^
Line 5, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Now
...more and more people want to own one. now that traffic congestion has become such...
^^^
Line 5, column 54, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , governments
...fic congestion has become such a problem,governments and local councils are desperately seek...
^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 5, column 184, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , the
... the number of car drivers has increesed,the obvious solution is to build more roads...
^^^^
Line 5, column 228, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , but
... obvious solution is to build more roads,but this is unpopular owing to its ...
^^^^
Line 5, column 250, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
Suggestion:
...o build more roads,but this is unpopular owing to its effect on the countryside.i...
^^^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Owing
...ore roads,but this is unpopular owing to its effect on the countryside.inside...
^^^^^
Line 7, column 53, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , one-way
... effect on the countryside.inside cities,one-way systems can be introduced at little cos...
^^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 109, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a word
Suggestion: the
... can be introduced at little cost.thus, the the traffic flow can be eased.some cities n...
^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 109, Rule ID: DT_DT[1]
Message: Maybe you need to remove one determiner so that only 'the' or 'the' is left.
Suggestion: the; the
... can be introduced at little cost.thus, the the traffic flow can be eased.some cities n...
^^^^^^^
Line 7, column 257, Rule ID: SENTENCE_WHITESPACE
Message: Add a space between sentences
Suggestion: Another
...e encouraged to live their cars at home.Another scheme is park and ridein number of car...
^^^^^^^
Line 11, column 1, Rule ID: UPPERCASE_SENTENCE_START
Message: This sentence does not start with an uppercase letter
Suggestion: Overall
...number of cars in the city centre. overall,it is clear that urgent action needs to...
^^^^^^^
Line 11, column 8, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , it
...of cars in the city centre. overall,it is clear that urgent action needs to be...
^^^
Line 11, column 57, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , since
...ear that urgent action needs to be taken,since traffic congestion leads to pollution a...
^^^^^^
Line 11, column 118, Rule ID: SENTENCE_WHITESPACE
Message: Add a space between sentences
Suggestion: Reliable
...tion leads to pollution and frustration.Reliable, cheap and convenient public transport ...
^^^^^^^^

Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, but, may, so, therefore, thus, in addition, as a result

Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments

Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 17.0 13.1623246493 129% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 4.0 7.85571142285 51% => OK
Conjunction : 10.0 10.4138276553 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 6.0 7.30460921844 82% => OK
Pronoun: 14.0 24.0651302605 58% => OK
Preposition: 30.0 41.998997996 71% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 8.3376753507 84% => OK

Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1266.0 1615.20841683 78% => OK
No of words: 234.0 315.596192385 74% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.41025641026 5.12529762239 106% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.91114542567 4.20363070211 93% => OK
Word Length SD: 3.49417191103 2.80592935109 125% => OK
Unique words: 141.0 176.041082164 80% => More unique words wanted.
Unique words percentage: 0.602564102564 0.561755894193 107% => OK
syllable_count: 384.3 506.74238477 76% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.60771543086 100% => OK

A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 1.0 5.43587174349 18% => OK
Article: 3.0 2.52805611222 119% => OK
Subordination: 4.0 2.10420841683 190% => OK
Conjunction: 1.0 0.809619238477 124% => OK
Preposition: 5.0 4.76152304609 105% => OK

Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 4.0 16.0721442886 25% => Need more sentences. Double check the format of sentences, make sure there is a space between two sentences, or have enough periods. And also check the lengths of sentences, maybe they are too long.
Sentence length: 58.0 20.2975951904 286% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively long.
Sentence length SD: 206.199387729 49.4020404114 417% => The lengths of sentences changed so frequently.
Chars per sentence: 316.5 106.682146367 297% => Less chars_per_sentence wanted.
Words per sentence: 58.5 20.7667163134 282% => Less words per sentence wanted.
Discourse Markers: 15.25 7.06120827912 216% => Less transition words/phrases wanted.
Paragraphs: 5.0 4.38176352705 114% => OK
Language errors: 22.0 5.01903807615 438% => Less language errors wanted.
Sentences with positive sentiment : 2.0 8.67935871743 23% => More positive sentences wanted.
Sentences with negative sentiment : 2.0 3.9879759519 50% => More negative sentences wanted.
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 0.0 3.4128256513 0% => More facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?

Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.152470512317 0.244688304435 62% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0824250783981 0.084324248473 98% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0437951793769 0.0667982634062 66% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0824871967308 0.151304729494 55% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0411517744379 0.056905535591 72% => OK

Essay readability:
automated_readability_index: 33.3 13.0946893788 254% => Automated_readability_index is high.
flesch_reading_ease: 12.61 50.2224549098 25% => Flesch_reading_ease is low.
smog_index: 14.6 7.44779559118 196% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 25.9 11.3001002004 229% => Flesch kincaid grade is high.
coleman_liau_index: 14.99 12.4159519038 121% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 10.9 8.58950901804 127% => OK
difficult_words: 65.0 78.4519038076 83% => More difficult words wanted.
linsear_write_formula: 19.0 9.78957915832 194% => OK
gunning_fog: 25.2 10.1190380762 249% => Gunning_fog is high.
text_standard: 15.0 10.7795591182 139% => OK
What are above readability scores?

---------------------
Minimum 250 words wanted.

Rates: 56.1797752809 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 5.0 Out of 9
---------------------
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.

Pages