The reading passage introduces evidence from a study conducted in the university of Georgia that tried to prove primates are able to use language just as human children do. However, the speaker in the lecture casts doubt on the claims made in the article. He mentions that the ability of animals to talk is yet to be fully proven.
First and foremost, the author assumes that Lana, the female chimpanzee that was the focus of the project, was capable of utilizing a keyboard with symbols of artificial language to communicate with researchers. According to the article, she successfully pressed up to seven keys in succession to express her thoughts. Nevertheless, the lecturer offsets this argument by declaring that the communications were extremely limited with endless repetitions of words. The speaker further illustrates that the chimpanzee struggled to learn just one language, whereas a human child has the capacity to learn multiple language at the same time.
Secondly, the writer maintains that Lana succeeded in forming the basis of language by being able to construct combination of words and distinguish between nouns and adjectives. Nonetheless, the lecturer indicates that the structures were so basic with regard to grammar and mostly comprised of few short sentences with no complex grammar.
The excerpt lastly contends that Lana answered the scientists' questions using the designed keyboard, meaning that she understood what was being asked and was able to provide logical responses. In contrast, the professor challenges this idea. He holds that the animal did not reply in speaking but instead, used a keyboard. Furthermore, the lecturer explains that she did not pose any questions to the researchers and the whole interaction was passive from the animal's side since she did not seek to ask any questions like a human kid would do. Plus, the animals did not use the invented language to communicate with each other.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 9, column 276, Rule ID: ENTIRELY_COMPRISED_OF
Message: Did you mean 'mostly composed of'?
Suggestion: mostly composed of
...ere so basic with regard to grammar and mostly comprised of few short sentences with no complex gra...
Line 13, column 629, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...anguage to communicate with each other.
Transition Words or Phrases used:
but, first, furthermore, however, if, lastly, nevertheless, nonetheless, second, secondly, so, whereas, in contrast, with regard to
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 12.0 10.4613686534 115% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 1.0 5.04856512141 20% => OK
Conjunction : 8.0 7.30242825607 110% => OK
Relative clauses : 12.0 12.0772626932 99% => OK
Pronoun: 21.0 22.412803532 94% => OK
Preposition: 48.0 30.3222958057 158% => OK
Nominalization: 4.0 5.01324503311 80% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1645.0 1373.03311258 120% => OK
No of words: 312.0 270.72406181 115% => OK
Chars per words: 5.27243589744 5.08290768461 104% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.20279927342 4.04702891845 104% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.8187057148 2.5805825403 109% => OK
Unique words: 184.0 145.348785872 127% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.589743589744 0.540411800872 109% => OK
syllable_count: 503.1 419.366225166 120% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 3.0 3.25607064018 92% => OK
Article: 12.0 8.23620309051 146% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 2.0 2.5761589404 78% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 14.0 13.0662251656 107% => OK
Sentence length: 22.0 21.2450331126 104% => OK
Sentence length SD: 54.8783441173 49.2860985944 111% => OK
Chars per sentence: 117.5 110.228320801 107% => OK
Words per sentence: 22.2857142857 21.698381199 103% => OK
Discourse Markers: 9.35714285714 7.06452816374 132% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 6.0 4.33554083885 138% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 4.0 4.27373068433 94% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.17660195694 0.272083759551 65% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0543906366449 0.0996497079465 55% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0796158690261 0.0662205650399 120% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0993000623507 0.162205337803 61% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0735696669083 0.0443174109184 166% => OK
automated_readability_index: 14.5 13.3589403974 109% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 49.15 53.8541721854 91% => OK
smog_index: 8.8 5.55761589404 158% => OK
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.9 11.0289183223 108% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.58 12.2367328918 111% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.89 8.42419426049 117% => OK
difficult_words: 102.0 63.6247240618 160% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 11.5 10.7273730684 107% => OK
gunning_fog: 10.8 10.498013245 103% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.