The reading passage and the lecture are both about a way of decision making which involves collective thinking or as the lecturer referes to is - groupthinking. While we learn about several advantages of the groupthinking from the passage, the lecturer draws our attention to its drawbacks which were proved by a research and numerous examples from real life.
First of all, the author claims that such a method of decision making will lead to a broad exchange of knowledge and information. However, the lecturer shows how this assumption may be wrong according to some research that revealed that some individuals may conform without expressing their points of view. That happens mostly due to the pressure from the managers. As a result, individuals who do not agree and raised objections are ignored.
Secondly, the author provides us with another advantage which is a rise in motivation and morale. The lecturer, however, points out that group - thinking usually leads to the feeling of invulnerability. Teams think that since they have more members, they cannot be easily outsmarted. Consequently, they effectiveness and enthusiams vanish with time.
Finally, we learn from the passage that this way of decision making will result in the superior decision. However, the lecturer opposits this statement and mentions a telling example from the history of Ford. Group - thinking leads to reassurance, meaning that team members will simply try to justify the made decision and ignore it possible drawbacks. Ford marketing team's disastar is a compelling evidence of this statement.
- Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium—substances essential for building and maintaining bones. Many people therefore say that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is linked to both environmental 59
- Compare and contrast your way of life with that of your parents. Which way of life do you think would be more satisfying to future generations? 76
- The following recommendation appeared in a memo from the mayor of the town of Hopewell."Two years ago, the nearby town of Ocean View built a new municipal golf course and resort hotel. During the past two years, tourism in Ocean View has increased, new bu 82
- Some people believe that in order to thrive, a society must put its own overall success before the well-being of its individual citizens. Others believe that the well-being of a society can only be measured by the general welfare of all its people. 66
- The vice president of human resources at Climpson Industries sent the following recommendation to the company's president."In an effort to improve our employees' productivity, we should implement electronic monitoring of employees' Internet use from their 74
Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 7, column 73, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...ge that this way of decision making will result in the superior decision. However...
Line 7, column 369, Rule ID: WHITESPACE_RULE
Message: Possible typo: you repeated a whitespace
...re it possible drawbacks. Ford marketing teams disastar is a compelling evidence ...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
consequently, finally, first, however, if, may, second, secondly, so, thus, while, as a result, first of all
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 8.0 10.4613686534 76% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 6.0 5.04856512141 119% => OK
Conjunction : 9.0 7.30242825607 123% => OK
Relative clauses : 12.0 12.0772626932 99% => OK
Pronoun: 22.0 22.412803532 98% => OK
Preposition: 33.0 30.3222958057 109% => OK
Nominalization: 8.0 5.01324503311 160% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1339.0 1373.03311258 98% => OK
No of words: 250.0 270.72406181 92% => More content wanted.
Chars per words: 5.356 5.08290768461 105% => OK
Fourth root words length: 3.97635364384 4.04702891845 98% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.87197603408 2.5805825403 111% => OK
Unique words: 151.0 145.348785872 104% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.604 0.540411800872 112% => OK
syllable_count: 404.1 419.366225166 96% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.6 1.55342163355 103% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 4.0 3.25607064018 123% => OK
Article: 7.0 8.23620309051 85% => OK
Subordination: 2.0 1.25165562914 160% => OK
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 0.0 2.5761589404 0% => More preposition wanted as sentence beginning.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 14.0 13.0662251656 107% => OK
Sentence length: 17.0 21.2450331126 80% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 41.7133072292 49.2860985944 85% => OK
Chars per sentence: 95.6428571429 110.228320801 87% => OK
Words per sentence: 17.8571428571 21.698381199 82% => OK
Discourse Markers: 7.71428571429 7.06452816374 109% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 2.0 4.19205298013 48% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 5.0 4.27373068433 117% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.167931042882 0.272083759551 62% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0577601106969 0.0996497079465 58% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.105554420765 0.0662205650399 159% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.100440533226 0.162205337803 62% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0814214776081 0.0443174109184 184% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.7 13.3589403974 95% => OK
flesch_reading_ease: 54.22 53.8541721854 101% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 9.9 11.0289183223 90% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 13.51 12.2367328918 110% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 9.09 8.42419426049 108% => OK
difficult_words: 73.0 63.6247240618 115% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 13.5 10.7273730684 126% => OK
gunning_fog: 8.8 10.498013245 84% => OK
text_standard: 14.0 11.2008830022 125% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 71.6666666667 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 21.5 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.