The Plain of Jars is an archaeological site in the Southeast Asian country of Laos. At the site, hundreds of large stone jars, ranging in size from one to three meters, are scattered across the countryside These numerous large containers are around 2,000 years old. The original purpose of the jars is unknown, but archaeologists have several theories.
First； the jars may have been used for fermentation. In fermentation, food or drink is left in a sealed container in order to undergo a chemical change According to some local residents, the jars were originally constructed by a king in order to ferment a special beverage to celebrate a great victory It would be possible to use the jars for fermentation, so the local people's story could be true.
Second, the jars may have been used for water storage. Laos experiences rainy and dry seasons, and finding water during the dry seasons can be difficult. The Plain of Jars is located near ancient trade routes, where traveling traders may have needed drinking water. The jars could have been constructed to collect water during the rainy season so that traders passing through the area would have a source of drinking water during the dry season.
Third, it is possible that the Plain of Jars was an ancient burial site, and the jars were tombs (places where human remains are deposited). Much of the contents of the ancient jars are now gone, but they are large enough to hold human remains. Furthermore, artifacts such as metal tools, jewelry, and glass beads have been found in some of the jars. Burying the dead alongside valuable artifacts was a common practice in ancient cultures. Ancient people may have buried their dead in the jars along with the artifacts
The reading and lecture are about the use of jars found in the archaeological sites. While the author of the reading feels that these jars were used for the purpose of fermentation, water storage, and burial as tombs; the lecture refutes each of the claims made in the reading passage and saying that it is mysterious and uncertain till now.
To begin with, the reading says that in accordance with native people, these jars were used by the local king, to ferment, during the time of celebration on triumph. The lecturer challenges a claim made by the author. He mentions that during that period there was avail of clay jars, which is less expensive and requires time for its preparation. As a result, the king would use clay jars instead of stone jars. He also tells that this clay jars effectiveness is the same as of the stone jars.
On the same note, the writer argues that these jars were used for the storing of water during scarce conditions. It also elaborates that this place lies in traveling routes, consequently, people who traveled have used for the purpose of drinking. On the contrary, the speaker opposes it by contending that this site was found nearby rivers and streams. According to him," when there is a source of water near the location of jars, there would not require any type of storage facilities."
Finally, the author posits that these jar has been used for burying of dead bodies by making of tombs, which is the size in relation to human beings. The professor, on the other hand, opposes that although it is a large size, it does not contain any cover on it the site or nearby it. He discusses that it would be unlikely to use a burial unless there is a cover.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 3, column 369, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Put a space after the comma
Suggestion: , &apos
...rby rivers and streams. According to him,' when there is a source of water near t...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
also, consequently, finally, so, while, as to, as a result, on the contrary, to begin with, on the other hand
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 15.0 10.4613686534 143% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 3.0 5.04856512141 59% => OK
Conjunction : 7.0 7.30242825607 96% => OK
Relative clauses : 16.0 12.0772626932 132% => OK
Pronoun: 32.0 22.412803532 143% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 42.0 30.3222958057 139% => OK
Nominalization: 7.0 5.01324503311 140% => OK
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1402.0 1373.03311258 102% => OK
No of words: 303.0 270.72406181 112% => OK
Chars per words: 4.62706270627 5.08290768461 91% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.17215713816 4.04702891845 103% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.501658873 2.5805825403 97% => OK
Unique words: 154.0 145.348785872 106% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.508250825083 0.540411800872 94% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 441.0 419.366225166 105% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.5 1.55342163355 97% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 6.0 3.25607064018 184% => OK
Article: 9.0 8.23620309051 109% => OK
Subordination: 3.0 1.25165562914 240% => Less adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 1.0 1.51434878587 66% => OK
Preposition: 7.0 2.5761589404 272% => Less preposition wanted as sentence beginnings.
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 13.0 13.0662251656 99% => OK
Sentence length: 23.0 21.2450331126 108% => OK
Sentence length SD: 69.6244363006 49.2860985944 141% => OK
Chars per sentence: 107.846153846 110.228320801 98% => OK
Words per sentence: 23.3076923077 21.698381199 107% => OK
Discourse Markers: 8.38461538462 7.06452816374 119% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 1.0 4.19205298013 24% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 3.0 4.33554083885 69% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 6.0 4.27373068433 140% => OK
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.13981047422 0.272083759551 51% => OK
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0553687063456 0.0996497079465 56% => OK
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0451326838052 0.0662205650399 68% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0900651100239 0.162205337803 56% => OK
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0325029144038 0.0443174109184 73% => OK
automated_readability_index: 12.0 13.3589403974 90% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 56.59 53.8541721854 105% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 11.1 11.0289183223 101% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 9.87 12.2367328918 81% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.9 8.42419426049 94% => OK
difficult_words: 60.0 63.6247240618 94% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 13.5 10.7273730684 126% => OK
gunning_fog: 11.2 10.498013245 107% => OK
text_standard: 12.0 11.2008830022 107% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Rates: 80.0 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 24.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.