Question : Summarise the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they case doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.
Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters. However, there are doubts whether some paintings attributed to Rembrandt were actually painted by him. One such painting is known as "Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet." The painting was attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman’s face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But there are problems with the painting that suggest it could not be a work by Rembrandt.
First, there is something inconsistent about the way the woman in the portrait is dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only servants would wear—yet the coat she is wearing has a luxurious fur collar that no servant could afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects’ clothing, would not have been guilty of such inconsistency.
Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and shadow, but in this painting, these elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated by light reflected onto it from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow—which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error.
Finally, examination of the back of the painting reveals that it was painted on a panel made of several pieces of wood glued together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels, no painting known to be by Rembrandt uses a panel glued together in this way from several pieces of wood.
For these reasons, the painting was removed from the official catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings in the 1930s.
The reading and the lecture are both about a specific painting of Rembrandt known as "Portrait of an Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet." . The author of the reading feels that this painting was not the work of Rembrandt for three reasons. The lecturer challenges the claim made by the author. He is of the opinion that it was actually made by Rembrandt, which he discusses by bashing the three reasons mentioned by the author.
To begin with, the author argues that the white color cap of the woman was actually a servent standard thing but the fur collar of the dress was of luxurious standard. The argument mentions that Rembrandt will never make this type of mistake. This specific argument is challenged by the lecturer. He states that analysis with the help of x-rays proves that the collar was added to the picture 100 years later. Additionally, he mentions that it was done to increase the painting's value.
Secondly, the writer suggests that the light and shadow of the painting doesn't fit together as a fur collar should not reflect the light. Instead, it should absorb light. In the article, it is stated that Rembrandt, being very attentive to details of his subject's clothing, should not make such a mistake. The lecturer, however, refutes this by mentioning that those inconsistencies go away if the collar is eliminated. He elaborates on this by bringing up the point that as the collar was added later, the actual picture's light-colored dress should actually reflect the light as drawn in the picture.
Finally, the author posits that Rembrandt always drew with the wood panel but not with glues panel like the pictures. Moreover, he says that the signs of glued panel prove that the painting was made by someone else. In contrast, the lecturer's position is that the glued panel was used when the collar was added later. He notes the wood actually prove that painting was made by Rembrandt as it was the same wood as of the one Rembrandt self portraits.
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Grammar and spelling errors:
Line 1, column 145, Rule ID: COMMA_PARENTHESIS_WHITESPACE
Message: Don't put a space before the full stop
...n Elderly Woman in a White Bonnet.' . The author of the reading feels that th...
Line 1, column 248, Rule ID: ENGLISH_WORD_REPEAT_BEGINNING_RULE
Message: Three successive sentences begin with the same word. Reword the sentence or use a thesaurus to find a synonym.
...he work of Rembrandt for three reasons. The lecturer challenges the claim made by t...
Line 9, column 73, Rule ID: EN_CONTRACTION_SPELLING
Message: Possible spelling mistake found
...at the light and shadow of the painting doesnt fit together as a fur collar should not...
Transition Words or Phrases used:
actually, but, finally, however, if, moreover, second, secondly, so, in contrast, to begin with
Attributes: Values AverageValues Percentages(Values/AverageValues)% => Comments
Performance on Part of Speech:
To be verbs : 19.0 10.4613686534 182% => OK
Auxiliary verbs: 5.0 5.04856512141 99% => OK
Conjunction : 4.0 7.30242825607 55% => More conjunction wanted.
Relative clauses : 18.0 12.0772626932 149% => OK
Pronoun: 35.0 22.412803532 156% => Less pronouns wanted
Preposition: 40.0 30.3222958057 132% => OK
Nominalization: 3.0 5.01324503311 60% => More nominalizations (nouns with a suffix like: tion ment ence ance) wanted.
Performance on vocabulary words:
No of characters: 1651.0 1373.03311258 120% => OK
No of words: 340.0 270.72406181 126% => OK
Chars per words: 4.85588235294 5.08290768461 96% => OK
Fourth root words length: 4.29407602571 4.04702891845 106% => OK
Word Length SD: 2.57030051415 2.5805825403 100% => OK
Unique words: 159.0 145.348785872 109% => OK
Unique words percentage: 0.467647058824 0.540411800872 87% => More unique words wanted or less content wanted.
syllable_count: 484.2 419.366225166 115% => OK
avg_syllables_per_word: 1.4 1.55342163355 90% => OK
A sentence (or a clause, phrase) starts by:
Pronoun: 9.0 3.25607064018 276% => Less pronouns wanted as sentence beginning.
Article: 10.0 8.23620309051 121% => OK
Subordination: 0.0 1.25165562914 0% => More adverbial clause wanted.
Conjunction: 0.0 1.51434878587 0% => OK
Preposition: 3.0 2.5761589404 116% => OK
Performance on sentences:
How many sentences: 18.0 13.0662251656 138% => OK
Sentence length: 18.0 21.2450331126 85% => The Avg. Sentence Length is relatively short.
Sentence length SD: 39.0213616711 49.2860985944 79% => OK
Chars per sentence: 91.7222222222 110.228320801 83% => OK
Words per sentence: 18.8888888889 21.698381199 87% => OK
Discourse Markers: 5.27777777778 7.06452816374 75% => OK
Paragraphs: 4.0 4.09492273731 98% => OK
Language errors: 3.0 4.19205298013 72% => OK
Sentences with positive sentiment : 5.0 4.33554083885 115% => OK
Sentences with negative sentiment : 4.0 4.45695364238 90% => OK
Sentences with neutral sentiment: 9.0 4.27373068433 211% => Less facts, knowledge or examples wanted.
What are sentences with positive/Negative/neutral sentiment?
Coherence and Cohesion:
Essay topic to essay body coherence: 0.0875344830329 0.272083759551 32% => The similarity between the topic and the content is low.
Sentence topic coherence: 0.0335807525637 0.0996497079465 34% => Sentence topic similarity is low.
Sentence topic coherence SD: 0.0287482089388 0.0662205650399 43% => Sentences are similar to each other.
Paragraph topic coherence: 0.0588372453388 0.162205337803 36% => Maybe some paragraphs are off the topic.
Paragraph topic coherence SD: 0.0338352566878 0.0443174109184 76% => OK
automated_readability_index: 10.9 13.3589403974 82% => Automated_readability_index is low.
flesch_reading_ease: 70.13 53.8541721854 130% => OK
smog_index: 3.1 5.55761589404 56% => Smog_index is low.
flesch_kincaid_grade: 7.9 11.0289183223 72% => OK
coleman_liau_index: 10.91 12.2367328918 89% => OK
dale_chall_readability_score: 7.83 8.42419426049 93% => OK
difficult_words: 71.0 63.6247240618 112% => OK
linsear_write_formula: 10.5 10.7273730684 98% => OK
gunning_fog: 9.2 10.498013245 88% => OK
text_standard: 11.0 11.2008830022 98% => OK
What are above readability scores?
Write the essay in 20 minutes.
It is not exactly right on the topic in the view of e-grader. Maybe there is a wrong essay topic.
Rates: 3.33333333333 out of 100
Scores by essay e-grader: 1.0 Out of 30
Note: the e-grader does NOT examine the meaning of words and ideas. VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders.